Luke 22:1-38

The Plot to Kill Jesus

1 1Now the Feast of Unleavened Bread drew near, which is called 2the Passover.
2 And the chief priests and the scribes 3were seeking how to put him to death, for they feared the people.

Judas to Betray Jesus

3 4Then 5Satan entered into 6Judas called Iscariot, who was of the number of the twelve.
4 He went away and conferred with the chief priests and 7officers how he might betray him to them.
5 And they were glad, and agreed to give him money.
6 So he consented and sought an opportunity to 8betray him to them in the absence of a crowd.

The Passover with the Disciples

7 9Then came 10the day of Unleavened Bread, on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed.
8 So Jesus[a] sent Peter and John, saying, "Go and prepare the Passover for us, that we may eat it."
9 They said to him, "Where will you have us prepare it?"
10 He said to them, "Behold, when you have entered the city, a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him into the house that he enters
11 and tell the master of the house, 11'The Teacher says to you, Where is 12the guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?'
12 And he will show you 13a large upper room furnished; prepare it there."
13 And they went and found it 14just as he had told them, and they prepared the Passover.

Institution of the Lord's Supper

14 15And when the hour came, he reclined at table, and the apostles with him.
15 And he said to them, "I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer.
16 For I tell you I will not eat it[b]16 until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God."
17 And he took a cup, and 17when he had given thanks he said, "Take this, and divide it among yourselves.
18 18For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine 19until the kingdom of God comes."
19 20And he took bread, and 21when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, 22"This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me."
20 And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, 23"This cup that is poured out for you is 24the new 25covenant in my blood.[c]
21 26But behold, the hand of him who betrays me is 27with me on the table.
22 For the Son of Man goes 28as it has been determined, but woe to that man by whom he is betrayed!"
23 And they began to question one another, which of them it could be who was going to do this.

Who Is the Greatest?

24 29A dispute also arose among them, as to which of them was to be regarded as the greatest.
25 30And he said to them, "The kings of the Gentiles 31exercise lordship over them, and those in authority over them are called benefactors.
26 32But not so with you. Rather, let 33the greatest among you become as the youngest, and the leader as one who serves.
27 For who is the greater, 34one who reclines at table or one who serves? Is it not the one who reclines at table? But 35I am among you as the one who serves.
28 "You are those who have stayed with me 36in my trials,
29 and 37I assign to you, as my Father assigned to me, a kingdom,
30 38that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom and 39sit on thrones judging 40the twelve tribes of Israel.

Jesus Foretells Peter's Denial

31 "Simon, Simon, behold, 41Satan demanded to have you,[d]42that he might sift you like wheat,
32 but 43I have prayed for you that your faith may not fail. And when you have turned again, 44strengthen your brothers."
33 Peter[e] said to him, "Lord, I am ready to go with you both 45to prison and 46to death."
34 47Jesus[f] said, "I tell you, Peter, the rooster will not crow this day, until you deny three times that you know me."

Scripture Must Be Fulfilled in Jesus

35 And he said to them, 48"When I sent you out with no moneybag or knapsack or sandals, did you lack anything?" They said, "Nothing."
36 He said to them, "But now let the one who has a moneybag take it, and likewise a knapsack. And let the one who has no sword sell his cloak and buy one.
37 For I tell you that 49this Scripture must be fulfilled in me: 50'And he was numbered with the transgressors.' For 51what is written about me has its fulfillment."
38 And they said, "Look, Lord, here are two 52swords." And he said to them, 53"It is enough."

Luke 22:1-38 In-Context

1 Now the Feast of Unleavened Bread drew near, which is called the Passover.
2 And the chief priests and the scribes were seeking how to put him to death, for they feared the people.
3 Then Satan entered into Judas called Iscariot, who was of the number of the twelve.
4 He went away and conferred with the chief priests and officers how he might betray him to them.
5 And they were glad, and agreed to give him money.
6 So he consented and sought an opportunity to betray him to them in the absence of a crowd.
7 Then came the day of Unleavened Bread, on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed.
8 So Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, "Go and prepare the Passover for us, that we may eat it."
9 They said to him, "Where will you have us prepare it?"
10 He said to them, "Behold, when you have entered the city, a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him into the house that he enters
11 and tell the master of the house, 'The Teacher says to you, Where is the guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?'
12 And he will show you a large upper room furnished; prepare it there."
13 And they went and found it just as he had told them, and they prepared the Passover.
14 And when the hour came, he reclined at table, and the apostles with him.
15 And he said to them, "I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer.
16 For I tell you I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God."
17 And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he said, "Take this, and divide it among yourselves.
18 For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes."
19 And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, "This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me."
20 And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, "This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood.
21 But behold, the hand of him who betrays me is with me on the table.
22 For the Son of Man goes as it has been determined, but woe to that man by whom he is betrayed!"
23 And they began to question one another, which of them it could be who was going to do this.
24 A dispute also arose among them, as to which of them was to be regarded as the greatest.
25 And he said to them, "The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them, and those in authority over them are called benefactors.
26 But not so with you. Rather, let the greatest among you become as the youngest, and the leader as one who serves.
27 For who is the greater, one who reclines at table or one who serves? Is it not the one who reclines at table? But I am among you as the one who serves.
28 "You are those who have stayed with me in my trials,
29 and I assign to you, as my Father assigned to me, a kingdom,
30 that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
31 "Simon, Simon, behold, Satan demanded to have you,that he might sift you like wheat,
32 but I have prayed for you that your faith may not fail. And when you have turned again, strengthen your brothers."
33 Peter said to him, "Lord, I am ready to go with you both to prison and to death."
34 Jesus said, "I tell you, Peter, the rooster will not crow this day, until you deny three times that you know me."
35 And he said to them, "When I sent you out with no moneybag or knapsack or sandals, did you lack anything?" They said, "Nothing."
36 He said to them, "But now let the one who has a moneybag take it, and likewise a knapsack. And let the one who has no sword sell his cloak and buy one.
37 For I tell you that this Scripture must be fulfilled in me: 'And he was numbered with the transgressors.' For what is written about me has its fulfillment."
38 And they said, "Look, Lord, here are two swords." And he said to them, "It is enough."
39 And he came out and went, as was his custom, to the Mount of Olives, and the disciples followed him.
40 And when he came to the place, he said to them, "Pray that you may not enter into temptation."
41 And he withdrew from them about a stone's throw, and knelt down and prayed,
42 saying, "Father, if you are willing, remove this cup from me. Nevertheless, not my will, but yours, be done."

Cross References 53

  • 1. For ver. 1, 2, see Matthew 26:2-5; Mark 14:1, 2
  • 2. See John 6:4
  • 3. John 11:53; See Matthew 21:46
  • 4. For ver. 3-6, see Matthew 26:14-16; Mark 14:10, 11; [John 13:2, 27, 30]
  • 5. [Acts 5:3]
  • 6. Luke 6:16; Matthew 27:3; Acts 1:16; [John 6:71; John 12:4]
  • 7. Acts 4:1; Acts 5:24, 26
  • 8. See Matthew 20:18, 19
  • 9. For ver. 7-14, see Matthew 26:17-19; Mark 14:12-16
  • 10. Exodus 12:18; 1 Corinthians 5:7
  • 11. See John 11:28
  • 12. Luke 2:7(Gk.)
  • 13. [Acts 1:13]
  • 14. Luke 19:32
  • 15. Matthew 26:20; Mark 14:17
  • 16. [ver. 30; Luke 14:15; Revelation 19:9]
  • 17. See Matthew 15:36
  • 18. Matthew 26:29; Mark 14:25
  • 19. [See ver. 16 above]
  • 20. For ver. 19, 20, see Matthew 26:26-28; Mark 14:22-24; 1 Corinthians 11:23-25
  • 21. [See ver. 17 above]
  • 22. 1 Corinthians 10:16; [John 6:53]
  • 23. [See ver. 19 above]
  • 24. See 2 Corinthians 3:6
  • 25. Exodus 24:8; [Zechariah 9:11; Hebrews 13:20]
  • 26. For ver. 21-23, see Matthew 26:21-24; Mark 14:18-21; [John 13:21-26]
  • 27. [Psalms 41:9; John 13:18]
  • 28. Acts 2:23
  • 29. Luke 9:46; Mark 9:34
  • 30. For ver. 25-27, [Matthew 18:1-4; Matthew 20:25-28; Mark 10:42-45]
  • 31. 1 Peter 5:3
  • 32. Luke 9:48; [Matthew 23:11]
  • 33. [See ver. 25 above]
  • 34. [Luke 12:37]
  • 35. See Matthew 20:28
  • 36. [See Hebrews 2:18; Hebrews 4:15]
  • 37. 2 Timothy 2:12; [John 17:18]; See Matthew 25:34; Matthew 28:18; Acts 14:22; Revelation 1:6
  • 38. [ver. 16; Luke 13:29; Luke 14:15; Matthew 8:11]
  • 39. See Matthew 19:28
  • 40. Acts 26:7; James 1:1; Revelation 21:12
  • 41. Job 1:6-12; Job 2:1-6; [2 Corinthians 2:11; 1 Peter 5:8]; See 1 Corinthians 5:5
  • 42. Amos 9:9; [John 16:32]
  • 43. John 17:9, 11, 15
  • 44. [Psalms 51:13; John 21:15-17]
  • 45. [Acts 12:4]
  • 46. [John 21:19]
  • 47. [Matthew 26:33-35; Mark 14:29-31; John 13:37, 38]
  • 48. Luke 9:3; Luke 10:4; Matthew 10:9, 10; Mark 6:8
  • 49. [Acts 1:16]; See Luke 13:33; Matthew 1:22
  • 50. Cited from Isaiah 53:12
  • 51. [John 17:4; John 19:30]
  • 52. [ver. 49]
  • 53. [Deuteronomy 3:26; Mark 14:41]

Footnotes 6

  • [a]. Greek he
  • [b]. Some manuscripts never eat it again
  • [c]. Some manuscripts omit, in whole or in part, verses 19b-20 (which is given... in my blood)
  • [d]. The Greek word for you (twice in this verse) is plural; in verse 32, all four instances are singular
  • [e]. Greek He
  • [f]. Greek He
The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.