Proverbs 12

Listen to Proverbs 12
1 Whoever loves discipline loves knowledge, but he who 1hates reproof is 2stupid.
2 A good man 3obtains favor from the LORD, but a man of evil devices he condemns.
3 No one is established by wickedness, but the root of 4the righteous will never be moved.
4 5An excellent wife is 6the crown of her husband, but she who 7brings shame is like 8rottenness in his bones.
5 9The thoughts of the righteous are just; the counsels of the wicked are deceitful.
6 The words of the wicked 10lie in wait for blood, but 11the mouth of the upright delivers them.
7 12The wicked are 13overthrown and are no more, 14but the house of the righteous will stand.
8 A man is commended according to his good sense, but one of twisted mind is 15despised.
9 Better to be lowly and have a servant than to play the great man and lack bread.
10 16Whoever is righteous has regard for the life of his beast, but the mercy of the wicked is cruel.
11 17Whoever works his land 18will have plenty of bread, 19but he who follows 20worthless pursuits lacks sense.
12 Whoever is wicked covets 21the spoil of evildoers, but the root of the righteous bears fruit.
13 An evil man is ensnared 22by the transgression of his lips, 23but the righteous escapes from trouble.
14 From the fruit of his mouth 24a man is satisfied with good, 25and the work of a man's hand comes back to him.
15 26The way of a fool is right in his own eyes, but a wise man listens to advice.
16 27The vexation of a fool is known at once, but the prudent ignores an insult.
17 28Whoever speaks[a] the truth gives honest evidence, but 29a false witness utters deceit.
18 30There is one whose rash words are like sword thrusts, but the tongue of the wise brings 31healing.
19 Truthful lips endure forever, but 32a lying tongue is but for a moment.
20 Deceit is in the heart of 33those who devise evil, but those who plan peace have joy.
21 34No ill befalls the righteous, but the wicked are filled with trouble.
22 35Lying lips are 36an abomination to the LORD, 37but those who act faithfully are his delight.
23 38A prudent man conceals knowledge, 39but the heart of fools proclaims folly.
24 40The hand of the diligent will rule, while the slothful will be 41put to forced labor.
25 42Anxiety in a man's heart weighs him down, but a good word makes him glad.
26 One who is righteous is a guide to his neighbor,[b] but the way of the wicked leads them astray.
27 43Whoever is slothful will not roast his game, but the diligent man will get precious wealth.[c]
28 44In the path of righteousness is life, and in its pathway there is no death.

Images for Proverbs 12

Proverbs 12 Commentary

Chapter 12

Verse 1 Those who have grace, will delight in the instructions given them. Those that stifle their convictions, are like brutes. Verse 2 . The man who covers selfish and vicious designs under a profession of religion or friendship, will be condemned. Verse 3 . Though men may advance themselves by sinful arts, they cannot settle and secure themselves. But those who by faith are rooted in Christ, are firmly fixed. Verse 4 . A wife who is pious, prudent, and looks well to the ways of her household, who makes conscience of her duty, and can bear crosses; such a one is an honour and comfort to her husband. She that is the reverse of this, preys upon him, and consumes him. Verse 5 . Thoughts are not free; they are under the Divine knowledge, therefore under the Divine command. It is a man's shame to act with deceit, with trick and design. Verse 6 . Wicked people speak mischief to their neighbours. A man may sometimes do a good work with one good word. Verse 7 . God's blessing is often continued to the families of godly men, while the wicked are overthrown. Verse 8 . The apostles showed wisdom by glorying in shame for the name of Christ. Verse 9 . He that lives in a humble state, who has no one to wait upon him, but gets bread by his own labour, is happier than he that glories in high birth or gay attire, and wants necessaries. Verse 10 . A godly man would not put even an animal to needless pain. But the wicked often speak of others as well used, when they would not endure like treatment for a single day. Verse 11 . It is men's wisdom to mind their business, and follow an honest calling. But it is folly to neglect business; and the grace of God teaches men to disdain nothing but sin. Verse 12 . When the ungodly see others prosper by sin, they wish they could act in the same way. But the root of Divine grace, in the heart of the righteous, produces other desires and purposes. Verse 13 . Many a man has paid dear in this world for the transgression of his lips. Verse 14 . When men use their tongues aright, to teach and comfort others, they enjoy acceptance through Christ Jesus; and the testimony of their conscience, that they in some measure answer the end of their being. Verse 15 . A fool, in the sense of Scripture, means a wicked man, one who acts contrary to the wisdom that is from above. His rule is, to do what is right in his own eyes. Verse 16 . A foolish man is soon angry, and is hasty in expressing it; he is ever in trouble and running into mischief. It is kindness to ourselves to make light of injuries and affronts, instead of making the worst of them. Verse 17 . It is good for all to dread and detest the sin of lying, and to be governed by honesty. Verse 18 . Whisperings and evil surmises, like a sword, separate those that have been dear to each other. The tongue of the wise is health, making all whole. Verse 19 . If truth be spoken, it will hold good; whoever may be disobliged, still it will keep its ground. Verse 20 . Deceit and falsehood bring terrors and perplexities. But those who consult the peace and happiness of others have joy in their own minds. Verse 21 . If men are sincerely righteous, the righteous God has engaged that no evil shall happen to them. But they that delight in mischief shall have enough of it. Verse 22 . Make conscience of truth, not only in words, but in actions. Verse 23 . Foolish men proclaim to all the folly and emptiness of their minds. Verse 24 . Those who will not take pains in an honest calling, living by tricks and dishonesty, are paltry and beggarly. Verse 25 . Care, fear, and sorrow, upon the spirits, deprive men of vigour in what is to be done, or courage in what is to be borne. A good word from God, applied by faith, makes the heart glad. Verse 26 . The righteous is abundant; though not in this world's goods, yet in the graces and comforts of the Spirit, which are the true riches. Evil men vainly flatter themselves that their ways are not wrong. Verse 27 . The slothful man makes no good use of the advantages Providence puts in his way, and has no comfort in them. The substance of a diligent man, though not great, does good to him and his family. He sees that God gives it to him in answer to prayer. Verse 28 . The way of religion is a straight, plain way; it is the way of righteousness. There is not only life at the end, but life in the way; all true comfort.

Cross References 44

  • 1. Proverbs 5:12; Proverbs 15:10
  • 2. Psalms 49:10
  • 3. Proverbs 8:35
  • 4. See Proverbs 10:25
  • 5. See Proverbs 31:10
  • 6. Song of Songs 3:11
  • 7. Proverbs 10:5
  • 8. Proverbs 14:30
  • 9. [Matthew 12:35]
  • 10. See Proverbs 1:11
  • 11. Proverbs 14:3
  • 12. See Proverbs 11:21
  • 13. Job 34:25
  • 14. [Proverbs 10:25, 30]
  • 15. [1 Samuel 20:30]
  • 16. [Deuteronomy 25:4]
  • 17. Proverbs 28:19
  • 18. Proverbs 20:13
  • 19. Proverbs 28:19
  • 20. Judges 9:4
  • 21. [Psalms 10:9]
  • 22. Proverbs 18:7; [Psalms 64:8; Matthew 12:37]
  • 23. Proverbs 21:23
  • 24. Proverbs 13:2; Proverbs 14:14; Proverbs 18:20
  • 25. Proverbs 19:17; Isaiah 3:10, 11; [Judges 9:16, 56]
  • 26. Proverbs 3:7; Proverbs 16:2; Proverbs 21:2; Proverbs 26:12; [Proverbs 14:12; Proverbs 16:25]
  • 27. [Proverbs 14:33; Proverbs 29:11]
  • 28. Proverbs 14:5
  • 29. See Proverbs 6:19
  • 30. See Psalms 57:4
  • 31. See Proverbs 4:22
  • 32. Proverbs 19:9; [Psalms 52:4, 5]
  • 33. Proverbs 3:29
  • 34. Psalms 91:10; [1 Peter 3:13; 2 Peter 2:9]
  • 35. [Revelation 22:15]; See Proverbs 6:17
  • 36. Proverbs 11:20
  • 37. [Proverbs 11:1]
  • 38. [Proverbs 13:16; Proverbs 15:2]
  • 39. [Proverbs 13:16; Proverbs 15:2]
  • 40. [Proverbs 10:4; Proverbs 13:4]
  • 41. [Genesis 49:15; 1 Kings 9:21]
  • 42. Proverbs 15:13; [Proverbs 17:22]
  • 43. [ver. 24]
  • 44. See Proverbs 10:2

Footnotes 3

  • [a]. Hebrew breathes out
  • [b]. Or The righteous chooses his friends carefully
  • [c]. Or but diligence is precious wealth

Chapter Summary


This chapter gives an account of the charge David gave to his son Solomon, a little before his death, to walk in the ways of the Lord, 1Ki 2:1-4; and of some instructions delivered to him concerning some particular persons he should either show favour to, or execute justice on, 1Ki 2:5-9; and the next account in it is concerning his death and burial, and the years of his reign, 1Ki 2:10,11; after which it relates an address of Bathsheba to Solomon in favour of Adonijah, which was refused, and the issue of it was his death, 1Ki 2:12-25; and the deposition of Abiathar from the priesthood, 1Ki 2:26,27; and the putting of Joab to death for his treason and murders, 1Ki 2:28-34; in whose post Benaiah was put, as Zadok was in the place of Abiathar, 1Ki 2:35; and lastly the confinement of Shimei in Jerusalem, who had cursed David, 1Ki 2:36-38; who upon transgressing the orders given him was put to death, 1Ki 2:39-46.

Proverbs 12 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.