Proverbs 13

Listen to Proverbs 13
1 A wise son hears his father's instruction, but 1a scoffer does not listen to rebuke.
2 From the fruit of his mouth a man 2eats what is good, but the desire of the treacherous 3is for violence.
3 4Whoever guards his mouth preserves his life; 5he who opens wide his lips 6comes to ruin.
4 7The soul of the sluggard craves and gets nothing, while the soul of the diligent 8is richly supplied.
5 The righteous hates falsehood, but the wicked brings shame[a] and disgrace.
6 9Righteousness guards him whose 10way is blameless, but sin overthrows the wicked.
7 11One pretends to be rich, yet has nothing; 12another pretends to be poor, yet has great wealth.
8 The ransom of a man's life is his wealth, but a poor man 13hears no threat.
9 14The light of the righteous rejoices, but 15the lamp of the wicked will be put out.
10 16By insolence comes nothing but strife, but with those who take advice is wisdom.
11 17Wealth gained hastily[b] will dwindle, but whoever gathers little by little will increase it.
12 Hope deferred makes the heart sick, 18but a desire fulfilled is 19a tree of life.
13 Whoever 20despises 21the word brings destruction on himself, but he who reveres the commandment will be 22rewarded.
14 The teaching of the wise is 23a fountain of life, that one may 24turn away from the snares of death.
15 25Good sense wins 26favor, but the way of the treacherous is their ruin.[c]
16 27In everything the prudent acts with knowledge, 28but a fool flaunts his folly.
17 A wicked messenger falls into trouble, but 29a faithful envoy brings healing.
18 Poverty and disgrace come to him who 30ignores instruction, 31but whoever 32heeds reproof is honored.
19 33A desire fulfilled is sweet to the soul, but to turn away from evil is an abomination to fools.
20 Whoever walks with the wise becomes wise, but the companion of fools will suffer harm.
21 34Disaster[d] pursues sinners, 35but the righteous are rewarded with good.
22 36A good man leaves an inheritance to his children's children, but 37the sinner's wealth is laid up for the righteous.
23 The fallow ground of the poor would yield much food, but it is swept away through 38injustice.
24 39Whoever spares the rod hates his son, but he who loves him is diligent to discipline him.[e]
25 40The righteous has enough to satisfy his appetite, but the belly of the wicked suffers want.

Proverbs 13 Commentary

Chapter 13

Verse 1 There is great hope of those that reverence their parents. There is little hope of any who will not hear those that deal faithfully with them. Verse 2 . By our words we must be justified or condemned, ( Verse 3 ) . He that thinks before he speaks, that suppresses evil if he have thought it, keeps his soul from a great deal both of guilt and grief. Many a one is ruined by an ungoverned tongue. Verse 4 . The slothful desire the gains the diligent get, but hate the pains the diligent take; therefore they have nothing. This is especially true as to the soul. Verse 5 . Where sin reigns, the man is loathsome. If his conscience were awake, he would abhor himself, and repent in dust and ashes. Verse 6 . An honest desire to do right, preserves a man from fatal mistakes, better than a thousand fine-drawn distinctions. Verse 7 . Some who are really poor, trade and spend as if they were rich: this is sin, and will be shame, and it will end accordingly. Some that are really rich, would be thought to be poor: in this there is want of gratitude to God, want of justice and charity to others. There are many hypocrites, empty of grace, who will not be convinced of their poverty. There are many fearing Christians, who are spiritually rich, yet think themselves poor; by their doubts, and complaints, and griefs, they make themselves poor. Verse 8 . Great riches often tempt to violence against those that possess them; but the poor are free from such perils. Verse 9 . The light of the righteous is as that of the sun, which may be eclipsed and clouded, but will continue: the Spirit is their Light, he gives a fulness of joy: that of the wicked is as a lamp of their own kindling, easily put out. Verse 10 . All contentions, whether between private persons, families, churches, or nations, are begun and carried forward by pride. Disputes would be easily prevented or ended, if it were not for pride. Verse 11 . Wealth gotten by dishonesty or vice, has a secret curse, which will speedily waste it. Verse 12 . The delay of what is anxiously hoped for, is very painful to the mind; obtaining it is very pleasant. But spiritual blessings are chiefly intended. Verse 13 . He that stands in awe of God, and reverences his word, shall escape destruction, and be rewarded for his godly fear. Verse 14 . The rule by which the wise regulate their conduct, is a fountain yielding life and happiness. Verse 15 . The way of sinners is hard upon others, and hard to the sinner himself. The service of sin is slavery; the road to hell is strewed with the thorns and thistles that followed the curse. Verse 16 . It is folly to talk of things of which we know nothing, and to undertake what we are no way fit for. Verse 17 . Those that are wicked, and false to Christ and to the souls of men, do mischief, and fall into mischief; but those that are faithful, find sound words healing to others and to themselves. Verse 18 . He that scorns to be taught, will certainly be brought down. Verse 19 . There are in man strong desires after happiness; but never let those expect any thing truly sweet to their souls, who will not be persuaded to leave their sins. Verse 20 . Multitudes are brought to ruin by bad company. And all that make themselves wicked will be destroyed. Verse 21 . When God pursues sinners he is sure to overtake them; and he will reward the righteous. Verse 22 . The servant of God who is not anxious about riches, takes the best method of providing for his children. Verse 23 . The poor, yet industrious, thrive, though in a homely manner, while those who have great riches are often brought to poverty for want of judgment. Verse 24 . He acts as if he hated his child, who, by false indulgence, permits sinful habits to gather strength, which will bring sorrow here, and misery hereafter. Verse 25 . It is the misery of the wicked, that even their sensual appetites are always craving. The righteous feeds on the word and ordinances, to the satisfying of his soul with the promises of the gospel, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who is the Bread of life.

Cross References 40

  • 1. Proverbs 1:22; See Psalms 1:1
  • 2. Proverbs 12:14
  • 3. [Proverbs 1:31; Proverbs 26:6]
  • 4. Proverbs 21:23; [Proverbs 12:13; Proverbs 18:21; James 3:2]
  • 5. Proverbs 20:19
  • 6. Proverbs 18:7
  • 7. See Proverbs 6:9-11
  • 8. Proverbs 11:25
  • 9. Proverbs 11:3, 5, 6
  • 10. Proverbs 11:20
  • 11. Proverbs 11:24; [Luke 12:21; Revelation 3:17]
  • 12. [Luke 12:33; 2 Corinthians 6:10; James 2:5]
  • 13. [ver. 1]
  • 14. [Job 29:3]
  • 15. See Job 18:5
  • 16. [Proverbs 28:25]
  • 17. [Proverbs 10:2; Proverbs 20:21; Proverbs 21:6; Proverbs 28:20, 22]
  • 18. [ver. 19]
  • 19. See Proverbs 3:18
  • 20. [Proverbs 19:16; Numbers 15:31; 2 Chronicles 36:16]
  • 21. Proverbs 16:20; Deuteronomy 30:14
  • 22. [ver. 21]
  • 23. See Proverbs 10:11
  • 24. Proverbs 14:27; [Psalms 18:5; 2 Timothy 2:26]
  • 25. [Luke 2:52]; See Psalms 111:10
  • 26. Proverbs 3:4; Proverbs 22:1
  • 27. [Proverbs 12:23; Proverbs 15:2]
  • 28. [Proverbs 18:2; Ecclesiastes 10:3]
  • 29. Proverbs 25:13; [Proverbs 14:5]
  • 30. [Proverbs 15:5, 31, 32]
  • 31. [Proverbs 15:5]
  • 32. [Proverbs 15:31]
  • 33. [ver. 12]
  • 34. [Psalms 11:6; Psalms 32:10]
  • 35. [ver. 13; Luke 6:38]
  • 36. [Ezra 9:12; Psalms 37:25]
  • 37. Proverbs 28:8; See Job 27:16, 17
  • 38. [Proverbs 16:8]
  • 39. [Proverbs 19:18; Proverbs 22:15; Proverbs 23:13, 14; Proverbs 29:15, 17]
  • 40. See Proverbs 10:3

Footnotes 5

  • [a]. Or stench
  • [b]. Or by fraud
  • [c]. Probable reading (compare Septuagint, Syriac, Vulgate); Hebrew is rugged, or is an enduring rut
  • [d]. Or Evil
  • [e]. Or who loves him disciplines him early

Proverbs 13 Commentaries