Exodus 21:1

1 “These are the laws you are to set before them:

Exodus 21:1 in Other Translations

King James Version (KJV)
1 Now these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them.
English Standard Version (ESV)
1 "Now these are the rules that you shall set before them.
New Living Translation (NLT)
1 “These are the regulations you must present to Israel.
The Message Bible (MSG)
1 "These are the laws that you are to place before them:
American Standard Version (ASV)
1 Now these are the ordinances which thou shalt set before them.
GOD'S WORD Translation (GW)
1 [The LORD continued,] "Here are the legal decisions to be used by the Israelites:
Holman Christian Standard Bible (CSB)
1 "These are the ordinances that you must set before them:
New International Reader's Version (NIRV)
1 "Here are the laws you must explain to the people of Israel.

Exodus 21:1 Meaning and Commentary

Exodus 21:1

Now these are the judgments
The judicial laws respecting the civil state of the people of Israel, so called because they are founded on justice and equity, and are according to the judgment of God, whose judgment is according to truth; and because they are such by which the commonwealth of Israel was to be judged or governed, and were to be the rule of their conduct to one another, and a rule of judgment to their judges in the execution of judgment and justice among them:

which thou shall set before them;
besides the ten commands before delivered. They were spoken by God himself in the hearing of the people; these were delivered to Moses after he went up to the mount again, at the request of the people, to be their mediator, to be by him set before them as the rule of their behaviour, and to enjoin them the observance of them; in order to which he was not only to rehearse them, but to write them out, and set them in a plain and easy light before them: and though they did not hear these with their own ears from God himself, as the ten commands; yet, as they had the utmost reason to believe they came from him, and it was at their own request that he, and not God, might speak unto them what was further to be said, with a promise they would obey it, as if they had immediately heard it from him; it became them to receive these laws as of God, and yield a cheerful obedience to them; nor do we find they ever questioned the authority of them; and as their government was a Theocracy, and God was more immediately their King than he was of any other people, it was but right, and what might be expected, that they should have their civil laws from him, and which was their privilege, and gave them the preference to all other nations, ( Deuteronomy 4:5-8 ) .

Exodus 21:1 In-Context

1 “These are the laws you are to set before them:
2 “If you buy a Hebrew servant, he is to serve you for six years. But in the seventh year, he shall go free, without paying anything.
3 If he comes alone, he is to go free alone; but if he has a wife when he comes, she is to go with him.
4 If his master gives him a wife and she bears him sons or daughters, the woman and her children shall belong to her master, and only the man shall go free.
5 “But if the servant declares, ‘I love my master and my wife and children and do not want to go free,’

Cross References 1

  • 1. Exodus 24:3; Exodus 34:32; Deuteronomy 4:14; Deuteronomy 6:1
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