Exodus 21:30

30 However, if payment is demanded, the owner may redeem his life by the payment of whatever is demanded.

Read Exodus 21:30 Using Other Translations

If there be laid on him a sum of money, then he shall give for the ransom of his life whatsoever is laid upon him.
If a ransom is imposed on him, then he shall give for the redemption of his life whatever is imposed on him.
However, the dead person’s relatives may accept payment to compensate for the loss of life. The owner of the ox may redeem his life by paying whatever is demanded.

What does Exodus 21:30 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
Exodus 21:30

If there be laid on him a sum of money
By the decree of the judges, as Aben Ezra, or which the sanhedrim of Israel have laid upon him; if his sentence of death is commuted for a fine, with the consent of the relations of the deceased, who in such a case are willing to show mercy, and take a fine instead of the person's death; supposing it was through carelessness and negligence, and not with any ill design that he did not keep up his ox from doing damage, after he had notice:

then he shall give for the ransom of his life whatever, is laid upon
whatever mulct or fine he is amerced with by the court, instead of the sentence of death first pronounced. Of this ransom Maimonides F17 thus writes:

``the ransom is according as the judges consider what is the price (or value) of him that is slain; (i.e. according to his rank, whether a noble or common man, a free man or a servant) all is according to the estimation of him that is slain.--To whom do they give the ransom? to the heirs of the slain; and if a woman is killed, the ransom is given to the heirs of her father's (family), and not to her husband.''


F17 Hilchot Niske Mammon, c. 11. sect. 1, 2.
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