All the vessels of the tabernacle in all the service
&c.] Which either refers to the vessels belonging to the altar of burnt offering, and so is a repetition of what is said, ( Exodus 27:3 ) or rather to instruments that were used at the setting up and taking down of the tabernacle; such as hammers and the like, to drive the staves into the rings, and knock out the pillars from their sockets, as Jarchi and Ben Gersom observe; for otherwise the vessels used in the sanctuary were of gold or silver, or covered therewith, and not of brass, as these are afterwards said to be:
and all the pins thereof;
what these were is not easy to say; for there was nothing made of brass in the holy or most holy place, but the taches or clasps, with which the curtains of goats' hair were coupled together, and the sockets on which the five pillars were set at the entrance of the door of the tabernacle, ( Exodus 26:11 Exodus 26:37 ) and it is possible that those pillars might be fastened in their sockets with brass pins; for the clasps or taches can hardly be called pins:
and all the pins of the court shall be of
these were brass pins, or stakes fastened in the ground all round the court, to which cords were tied, and these fastened to the hangings; whereby they were kept tight and close, that the wind could not move them to and fro, as Jarchi and Ben Melech observe, and so Josephus F11; see ( Isaiah 33:20 ) .