Exodus 29:1-9

Consecration of the Priests

1 “This is what you are to do to consecrate them, so they may serve me as priests: Take a young bull and two rams without defect.
2 And from the finest wheat flour make round loaves without yeast, thick loaves without yeast and with olive oil mixed in, and thin loaves without yeast and brushed with olive oil.
3 Put them in a basket and present them along with the bull and the two rams.
4 Then bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance to the tent of meeting and wash them with water.
5 Take the garments and dress Aaron with the tunic, the robe of the ephod, the ephod itself and the breastpiece. Fasten the ephod on him by its skillfully woven waistband.
6 Put the turban on his head and attach the sacred emblem to the turban.
7 Take the anointing oil and anoint him by pouring it on his head.
8 Bring his sons and dress them in tunics
9 and fasten caps on them. Then tie sashes on Aaron and his sons.[a] The priesthood is theirs by a lasting ordinance. “Then you shall ordain Aaron and his sons.

Exodus 29:1 in Other Translations

KJV
1 And this is the thing that thou shalt do unto them to hallow them, to minister unto me in the priest's office: Take one young bullock, and two rams without blemish,
ESV
1 "Now this is what you shall do to them to consecrate them, that they may serve me as priests. Take one bull of the herd and two rams without blemish,
NLT
1 “This is the ceremony you must follow when you consecrate Aaron and his sons to serve me as priests: Take a young bull and two rams with no defects.
MSG
1 "This is the ceremony for consecrating them as priests. Take a young bull and two rams, healthy and without defects.
CSB
1 "This is what you are to do for them to consecrate them to serve Me as priests. Take a young bull and two unblemished rams,

Exodus 29:1-9 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO EXODUS 29

This chapter gives an account of the form and order of the consecration of Aaron and his sons to the priestly office; preparatory to which Moses is ordered to take a young bullock, two rams, bread, cakes, and wafers unleavened, and bring them and Aaron and his sons to the door of the congregation, where the ceremony was to be publicly performed, and which began with washing them, Ex 29:1-4 and then proceeded by putting on the priestly garments directed to be made in the preceding chapter, first on Aaron, who also was anointed, Ex 29:5-7 and then upon his sons, Ex 29:8,9 after which the bullock and the two rams were to be slain, and orders are given what was to be done with their blood, and the several parts of them, as well as with the cakes and wafers, Ex 29:10-23 and directions are given to make these wave and heave offerings, Ex 29:24-28 and that the garments of Aaron's should be his son's that succeeded him, Ex 29:29,30, and that the flesh of the ram of consecration with the bread should be eaten by Aaron and his sons and no other, Ex 29:31-35, the altar also where they were to officiate was to be cleansed, sanctified, and an atonement made for it, Ex 29:36,37 after which two lambs every day, morning and evening, were to be offered on it in all succeeding generations, Ex 29:38-42, and the chapter is closed with a promise that the Lord would meet with the children of Israel at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and would sanctify the tabernacle, and dwell among them, and be their God, Ex 29:43-46.

Exodus 29:1-9 In-Context

1 “This is what you are to do to consecrate them, so they may serve me as priests: Take a young bull and two rams without defect.
2 And from the finest wheat flour make round loaves without yeast, thick loaves without yeast and with olive oil mixed in, and thin loaves without yeast and brushed with olive oil.
3 Put them in a basket and present them along with the bull and the two rams.
4 Then bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance to the tent of meeting and wash them with water.
5 Take the garments and dress Aaron with the tunic, the robe of the ephod, the ephod itself and the breastpiece. Fasten the ephod on him by its skillfully woven waistband.
6 Put the turban on his head and attach the sacred emblem to the turban.
7 Take the anointing oil and anoint him by pouring it on his head.
8 Bring his sons and dress them in tunics
9 and fasten caps on them. Then tie sashes on Aaron and his sons. The priesthood is theirs by a lasting ordinance. “Then you shall ordain Aaron and his sons.
10 “Bring the bull to the front of the tent of meeting, and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on its head.
11 Slaughter it in the LORD’s presence at the entrance to the tent of meeting.
12 Take some of the bull’s blood and put it on the horns of the altar with your finger, and pour out the rest of it at the base of the altar.
13 Then take all the fat on the internal organs, the long lobe of the liver, and both kidneys with the fat on them, and burn them on the altar.

Cross References 13

  • 1. ver 21,44; Leviticus 20:7; Joshua 3:5; 1 Chronicles 15:12
  • 2. Ezekiel 43:23
  • 3. ver 23; Leviticus 2:1,4; Leviticus 6:19-23; Numbers 6:15
  • 4. ver 15,19
  • 5. Exodus 40:12; Leviticus 14:8; Leviticus 16:4; Hebrews 10:22
  • 6. S Exodus 28:2; Leviticus 8:7
  • 7. Exodus 28:8
  • 8. Exodus 28:39; Isaiah 3:23; Zechariah 3:5
  • 9. S Exodus 28:36; Leviticus 8:9
  • 10. ver 21; S Exodus 28:41; Exodus 30:25,30,31; Exodus 37:29; Exodus 40:9; Leviticus 8:12; Leviticus 21:10; Numbers 35:25; 1 Samuel 10:1; 1 Kings 1:39; Psalms 89:20; Psalms 133:2; Psalms 141:5
  • 11. S Exodus 28:4; Leviticus 16:4
  • 12. Exodus 28:40
  • 13. S Exodus 27:21; Exodus 40:15; Numbers 3:10; Numbers 18:7; Numbers 25:13; Deuteronomy 18:5; Judges 17:5; 1 Samuel 2:30; 1 Kings 12:31

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Hebrew; Septuagint "on them"
Scripture quoted by permission.  Quotations designated (NIV) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®.  NIV®.  Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica.  All rights reserved worldwide.