Ezekiel 1:22

22 Spread out above the heads of the living creatures was what looked something like a vault, sparkling like crystal, and awesome.

Ezekiel 1:22 in Other Translations

KJV
22 And the likeness of the firmament upon the heads of the living creature was as the colour of the terrible crystal, stretched forth over their heads above.
ESV
22 Over the heads of the living creatures there was the likeness of an expanse, shining like awe-inspiring crystal, spread out above their heads.
NLT
22 Spread out above them was a surface like the sky, glittering like crystal.
MSG
22 Over the heads of the living creatures was something like a dome, shimmering like a sky full of cut glass, vaulted over their heads.
CSB
22 The shape of an expanse, with a gleam like awe-inspiring crystal, was spread out over the heads of the living creatures.

Ezekiel 1:22 Meaning and Commentary

Ezekiel 1:22

And the likeness of the firmament upon the heads of the living
creature
This was not a real firmament, but the likeness of one; it was like the firmament which God created on the second day, which divided between the waters above and below, and which he called Heaven; and is no other than the airy and starry heavens. Its name is in Hebrew (eyqr) , "an expanse"; from its being stretched out as a curtain, and a tent to dwell in; and a "firmament" from its firmness and continuance; and therefore called the firmament of his power, ( Genesis 1:8 ) ( Isaiah 40:22 ) ( Psalms 150:1 ) ; and this visionary one was "over the heads of the living creatures"; which shows that they could not be angels, for those have their habitation in the third heaven, above the firmament; much less in hieroglyphic of the trinity of Persons, who are the three that bear record in heaven, and are not under the firmament; but ministers of the Gospel, who are on earth, and are subject to Christ, whose throne is above the firmament, ( Ezekiel 1:26 ) ; and who receive their commission and gifts from him, and are accountable to him. This firmament [was] as the colony of the tenable crystal;
crystal is a very white, transparent, precious stone, resembling ice, from whence it has its name; hence Pliny F20 thought it was no other than ice vehemently frozen; and here it is called "terrible", because exceeding clear and bright, so that there was no looking upon it, without the eyes being dazzled with the glory of it. The sky is called a molten looking glass, in which the glory of God, and his handiwork, may be seen, ( Job 37:18 ) ( Psalms 19:1 ) ; and as the throne of Christ was over this crystal firmament, it shows that, though he is in heaven, he sees all that is done on earth, and in his churches, and by his ministers; and the saints also see him by faith, and through the glass of the Gospel: it is only a crystal firmament that is between them, stretched forth over their heads above;
that is, over the heads of the living creatures, as before; said to be stretched out, in allusion to its name, an expanse, as before observed.


FOOTNOTES:

F20 Nat. Hit. l. 37. c. 2.

Ezekiel 1:22 In-Context

20 Wherever the spirit would go, they would go, and the wheels would rise along with them, because the spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels.
21 When the creatures moved, they also moved; when the creatures stood still, they also stood still; and when the creatures rose from the ground, the wheels rose along with them, because the spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels.
22 Spread out above the heads of the living creatures was what looked something like a vault, sparkling like crystal, and awesome.
23 Under the vault their wings were stretched out one toward the other, and each had two wings covering its body.
24 When the creatures moved, I heard the sound of their wings, like the roar of rushing waters, like the voice of the Almighty, like the tumult of an army. When they stood still, they lowered their wings.

Cross References 1