Genesis 2:10

10 A river watering the garden flowed from Eden; from there it was separated into four headwaters.

Genesis 2:10 in Other Translations

KJV
10 And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads.
ESV
10 A river flowed out of Eden to water the garden, and there it divided and became four rivers.
NLT
10 A river flowed from the land of Eden, watering the garden and then dividing into four branches.
MSG
10 A river flows out of Eden to water the garden and from there divides into four rivers.
CSB
10 A river went out from Eden to water the garden. From there it divided and became the source of four rivers.

Genesis 2:10 Meaning and Commentary

Genesis 2:10

And a river went out of Eden to water the garden
Before man was created, as Aben Ezra observes, this river went out of Eden and watered it on every side; but what river is here meant, is hard to say. It is more generally thought to be the river Euphrates, when that and the Tigris met, and became one stream or river, and as such entered and passed through Eden; and as it was parted into four rivers afterwards, in two of which they retained their names: the learned Reland F11 thinks, this river is now lost; but the learned writer before referred to thinks, as has been observed, that it is the river Jordan; see note on "Ge 2:8"
and which, as Pliny F12 says, was a very pleasant river:

and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads;
after it had passed through Eden, and the garden in it, watering it, it divided into four parts or heads of water, or four chief principal rivers, hereafter mentioned; and which circumstance the above writer thinks makes it the more probable to be the river Jordan, which and with the four rivers are spoken of together by the son of Sirach, in the Apocrypha:

``25 He filleth all things with his wisdom, as Phison and as Tigris in the time of the new fruits. 26 He maketh the understanding to abound like Euphrates, and as Jordan in the time of the harvest. 27 He maketh the doctrine of knowledge appear as the light, and as Geon in the time of vintage.'' (Sirach 24)

of which in the following verses. This river may be an emblem of the everlasting love of God, that pure river of water of life, which springs from the throne of God, and of the Lamb, from divine sovereignty, and not from the faith, love, and obedience of man; that river, the streams whereof make glad the city of God, and which water the garden, the church, revive its plants, and make it fruitful and delightful; the four heads or branches of which are eternal election of God, particular redemption by Christ, regeneration and sanctification by the Spirit, and eternal life and happiness, as the free gift of God through Christ; see ( Psalms 46:4 ) ( Revelation 22:1 ) .


FOOTNOTES:

F11 Dissert. de Paradiso, p. 53.
F12 Nat. Hist. l. 5. c. 15.

Genesis 2:10 In-Context

8 Now the LORD God had planted a garden in the east, in Eden; and there he put the man he had formed.
9 The LORD God made all kinds of trees grow out of the ground—trees that were pleasing to the eye and good for food. In the middle of the garden were the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
10 A river watering the garden flowed from Eden; from there it was separated into four headwaters.
11 The name of the first is the Pishon; it winds through the entire land of Havilah, where there is gold.
12 (The gold of that land is good; aromatic resin and onyx are also there.)

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Cross References 2

  • 1. Numbers 24:6; Psalms 46:4; Ezekiel 47:5
  • 2. S ver 8