Genesis 36:12

12 Esau’s son Eliphaz also had a concubine named Timna, who bore him Amalek. These were grandsons of Esau’s wife Adah.

Read Genesis 36:12 Using Other Translations

And Timna was concubine to Eliphaz Esau's son; and she bare to Eliphaz Amalek: these were the sons of Adah Esau's wife.
(Timna was a concubine of Eliphaz, Esau's son; she bore Amalek to Eliphaz.) These are the sons of Adah, Esau's wife.
Timna, the concubine of Esau’s son Eliphaz, gave birth to a son named Amalek. These are the descendants of Esau’s wife Adah.

What does Genesis 36:12 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
Genesis 36:12

And Timna was concubine to Eliphaz, Esau's son
She is said to be the sister of Lotan, the eldest son of Seir the Horite, ( Genesis 36:22 ) ; in ( 1 Chronicles 1:36 ) mention is made of Timna among the sons of Eliphaz, and of Duke Timnah here, ( Genesis 36:40 ) ; and Gerundinsis F25 is of opinion, that Timnah the concubine of Eliphaz, after she had bore Amalek, conceived and bore another son, and she dying in childbirth, he called it by her name to perpetuate her memory: but Jarchi says, that Eliphaz lay with Lotan's mother, the wife of Seir the Horite, of whom was born Timna, and when she grew up she became his concubine, and so was both his daughter and his concubine: and she bare to Eliphaz Amalek;
from whence the Amalekites sprung, often mentioned in Scripture, whom the Israelites were commanded utterly to destroy, ( 1 Samuel 15:18 ) : these [were] the sons of Adah, Esau's wife;
that is, her grandsons.


F25 Apud Menasseh ben Israel, conciliator in Gen. Quaest. 57. p. 81.
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