Genesis 3:1-24

The Fall

1 Now the serpent was more crafty than any of the wild animals the LORD God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God really say, ‘You must not eat from any tree in the garden’?”
2 The woman said to the serpent, “We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden,
3 but God did say, ‘You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it, or you will die.’ ”
4 “You will not certainly die,” the serpent said to the woman.
5 “For God knows that when you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”
6 When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it.
7 Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they realized they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves.
8 Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the LORD God as he was walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and they hid from the LORD God among the trees of the garden.
9 But the LORD God called to the man, “Where are you?”
10 He answered, “I heard you in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid.”
11 And he said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?”
12 The man said, “The woman you put here with me—she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it.”
13 Then the LORD God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”
14 So the LORD God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, “Cursed are you above all livestock and all wild animals! You will crawl on your belly and you will eat dust all the days of your life.
15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring[a] and hers; he will crush[b] your head, and you will strike his heel.”
16 To the woman he said, “I will make your pains in childbearing very severe; with painful labor you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.”
17 To Adam he said, “Because you listened to your wife and ate fruit from the tree about which I commanded you, ‘You must not eat from it,’ “Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat food from it all the days of your life.
18 It will produce thorns and thistles for you, and you will eat the plants of the field.
19 By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return.”
20 Adam[c] named his wife Eve,[d] because she would become the mother of all the living.
21 The LORD God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife and clothed them.
22 And the LORD God said, “The man has now become like one of us, knowing good and evil. He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat, and live forever.”
23 So the LORD God banished him from the Garden of Eden to work the ground from which he had been taken.
24 After he drove the man out, he placed on the east side[e] of the Garden of Eden cherubim and a flaming sword flashing back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life.

Images for Genesis 3:1-24

Genesis 3:1 in Other Translations

KJV
1 Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?
ESV
1 Now the serpent was more crafty than any other beast of the field that the LORD God had made. He said to the woman, "Did God actually say, 'You shall not eat of any tree in the garden'?"
NLT
1 The serpent was the shrewdest of all the wild animals the LORD God had made. One day he asked the woman, “Did God really say you must not eat the fruit from any of the trees in the garden?”
MSG
1 The serpent was clever, more clever than any wild animal God had made. He spoke to the Woman: "Do I understand that God told you not to eat from any tree in the garden?"
CSB
1 Now the serpent was the most cunning of all the wild animals that the Lord God had made. He said to the woman, "Did God really say, 'You can't eat from any tree in the garden'?"

Genesis 3:1-24 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO GENESIS 3

In this chapter an account is given of the temptation of our first parents, of the instrument of it, and of their fall into it, and of the effect of it, Ge 3:1-7 their summons upon it to appear before God, against whom they had sinned, Ge 3:8-10 their examination by him, and the excuses they made, Ge 3:11-13 the various sentences passed of the serpent, the woman, and the man, Ge 3:14-19 some incidental things recorded, expressive of faith and hope in man, and of favour to him, Ge 3:20,21 and his expulsion from the garden of Eden, Ge 3:22-24.

Genesis 3:1-24 In-Context

1 Now the serpent was more crafty than any of the wild animals the LORD God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God really say, ‘You must not eat from any tree in the garden’?”
2 The woman said to the serpent, “We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden,
3 but God did say, ‘You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it, or you will die.’ ”
4 “You will not certainly die,” the serpent said to the woman.
5 “For God knows that when you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”
6 When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it.
7 Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they realized they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves.
8 Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the LORD God as he was walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and they hid from the LORD God among the trees of the garden.
9 But the LORD God called to the man, “Where are you?”
10 He answered, “I heard you in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid.”
11 And he said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?”
12 The man said, “The woman you put here with me—she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it.”
13 Then the LORD God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”
14 So the LORD God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, “Cursed are you above all livestock and all wild animals! You will crawl on your belly and you will eat dust all the days of your life.
15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel.”
16 To the woman he said, “I will make your pains in childbearing very severe; with painful labor you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.”
17 To Adam he said, “Because you listened to your wife and ate fruit from the tree about which I commanded you, ‘You must not eat from it,’ “Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat food from it all the days of your life.
18 It will produce thorns and thistles for you, and you will eat the plants of the field.
19 By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return.”
20 Adam named his wife Eve, because she would become the mother of all the living.
21 The LORD God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife and clothed them.
22 And the LORD God said, “The man has now become like one of us, knowing good and evil. He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat, and live forever.”
23 So the LORD God banished him from the Garden of Eden to work the ground from which he had been taken.
24 After he drove the man out, he placed on the east side of the Garden of Eden cherubim and a flaming sword flashing back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life.

Cross References 47

  • 1. Job 1:7; Job 2:2; 2 Corinthians 11:3; Revelation 12:9; Revelation 20:2
  • 2. S Genesis 2:17
  • 3. Genesis 2:16
  • 4. S Genesis 2:17
  • 5. S John 8:44; 2 Corinthians 11:3
  • 6. S Genesis 1:26; Genesis 14:18,19; Psalms 7:8; Isaiah 14:14; Ezekiel 28:2
  • 7. James 1:14-15; 1 John 2:16
  • 8. Numbers 30:7-8; Jer 44:15,19,24
  • 9. 2 Corinthians 11:3; 1 Timothy 2:14
  • 10. Genesis 2:25
  • 11. ver 21
  • 12. Leviticus 26:12; Deuteronomy 23:14
  • 13. Job 13:16; Job 23:7; Job 31:33; Job 34:22,23; Psalms 5:5; Psalms 139:7-12; Isaiah 29:15; Jeremiah 16:17; Jeremiah 23:24; Jeremiah 49:10; Revelation 6:15-16
  • 14. Genesis 4:9; Genesis 16:8; Genesis 18:9; 1 Kings 19:9,13
  • 15. Exodus 19:16; Exodus 20:18; Deuteronomy 5:5; 1 Samuel 12:18
  • 16. Genesis 2:25
  • 17. Genesis 2:25
  • 18. S Genesis 2:17
  • 19. Genesis 2:22
  • 20. Romans 7:11; 2 Corinthians 11:3; 1 Timothy 2:14
  • 21. Deuteronomy 28:15-20
  • 22. Psalms 72:9; Isaiah 49:23; Isaiah 65:25; Micah 7:17
  • 23. John 8:44; Acts 13:10; 1 John 3:8
  • 24. Genesis 16:11; Judges 13:5; Isaiah 7:14; Isaiah 8:3; Isaiah 9:6; Matthew 1:23; Luke 1:31; Galatians 4:4; Revelation 12:17
  • 25. Romans 16:20; Hebrews 2:14
  • 26. Psalms 48:5-6; Isaiah 13:8; Isaiah 21:3; Isaiah 26:17; Jeremiah 4:31; Jeremiah 6:24; Micah 4:9; 1 Timothy 2:15
  • 27. 1 Corinthians 11:3; Ephesians 5:22
  • 28. S Genesis 2:17
  • 29. Genesis 5:29; Numbers 35:33; Psalms 106:39; Isaiah 24:5; Jeremiah 3:1; Romans 8:20-22
  • 30. Genesis 6:13; Genesis 8:21; Isaiah 54:9
  • 31. Genesis 29:32; Genesis 31:42; Exodus 3:7; Psalms 66:11; Psalms 127:2; Ecclesiastes 1:13
  • 32. Genesis 47:9; Job 5:7; Job 7:1; Job 14:1; Ecclesiastes 2:23; Jeremiah 20:18
  • 33. Job 31:40; Isaiah 5:6; Hebrews 6:8
  • 34. Psalms 104:14
  • 35. Psalms 104:23
  • 36. Genesis 14:18; Deuteronomy 8:3,9; Deuteronomy 23:4; Ruth 1:6; Ruth 2:14; 2 Thessalonians 3:10
  • 37. S Genesis 2:7; S Job 7:21; S Psalms 146:4; Psalms 90:3; Psalms 104:29; Ecclesiastes 12:7; 1 Corinthians 15:47; Hebrews 9:27
  • 38. S Genesis 2:20; 2 Corinthians 11:3; 1 Timothy 2:13
  • 39. S ver 7
  • 40. S Genesis 1:26
  • 41. S Genesis 2:9; S Revelation 2:7; Revelation 22:14
  • 42. S Genesis 2:8
  • 43. S Genesis 2:7; Genesis 4:2
  • 44. S Genesis 2:8
  • 45. Exodus 25:18-22; 1 Samuel 4:4; 2 Samuel 6:2; 2 Samuel 22:11; 1 Kings 6:27; 1 Kings 8:6; 2 Kings 19:15; 2 Chronicles 5:8; Psalms 18:10; Psalms 80:1; Psalms 99:1; Isaiah 37:16; Ezekiel 10:1; Ezekiel 28:16
  • 46. Job 40:19; Psalms 104:4; Isaiah 27:1
  • 47. S Genesis 2:9

Footnotes 5

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