Genesis 49:8-12

8 “Judah,[a] your brothers will praise you; your hand will be on the neck of your enemies; your father’s sons will bow down to you.
9 You are a lion’s cub, Judah; you return from the prey, my son. Like a lion he crouches and lies down, like a lioness—who dares to rouse him?
10 The scepter will not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,[b]until he to whom it belongs[c] shall come and the obedience of the nations shall be his.
11 He will tether his donkey to a vine, his colt to the choicest branch; he will wash his garments in wine, his robes in the blood of grapes.
12 His eyes will be darker than wine, his teeth whiter than milk.[d]

Genesis 49:8-12 Meaning and Commentary


This chapter contains a prophecy of future things, relating to the twelve sons of Jacob, and to the twelve tribes, as descending from them, and which he delivered to his sons on his death bed, having called them together for that purpose, Ge 49:1,2, he begins with Reuben his firstborn, whose incest he takes notice of, on which account he should not excel, Ge 49:3,4, next Simeon and Levi have a curse denounced on them for their cruelty at Shechem, Ge 49:5,6, but Judah is praised, and good things prophesied of him; and particularly that Shiloh, or the Messiah, should spring from him, the time of whose coming is pointed at, Ge 49:7-12, the predictions concerning Zebulun, Issachar, and Dan, follow, at the close of which Jacob expresses his longing expectation of God's salvation, Ge 49:13-18 and after foretelling what should befall Gad, Asher, and Naphtali, Ge 49:19-21, a large account is given of Joseph, his troubles, his trials, and his blessings, Ge 49:22-26, and Benjamin the youngest son is taken notice of last of all, all the tribes being blessed in their order according to the nature of their blessing, Ge 49:27,28, and the chapter is closed with a charge of Jacob's to his sons to bury him in Canaan, which having delivered, he died, Ge 49:29-33.

Cross References 14

  • 1. S Genesis 29:35
  • 2. Deuteronomy 28:48
  • 3. S Genesis 9:25; Deuteronomy 33:7; 1 Chronicles 5:2
  • 4. Numbers 24:9; Psalms 7:2; Psalms 10:9; Ezekiel 19:5; Micah 5:8
  • 5. Ezekiel 19:2
  • 6. Revelation 5:5
  • 7. ver 27; Numbers 23:24; Job 38:39; Psalms 17:12; Psalms 22:13; Psalms 104:21
  • 8. Numbers 24:17,19; Judges 1:1-2; Judges 20:18; 1 Chronicles 5:2; 1 Chronicles 28:4; Psalms 60:7; Psalms 108:8
  • 9. Ezekiel 21:27
  • 10. Psalms 2:9; Psalms 72:8-11; Psalms 98:3; Psalms 110:2; Isaiah 2:4; Isaiah 26:18; Isaiah 42:1,4; Isaiah 45:22; Isaiah 48:20; Isaiah 49:6; Isaiah 51:5
  • 11. Judges 5:10; Judges 10:4; Zechariah 9:9
  • 12. Deuteronomy 8:8; 2 Kings 18:32
  • 13. Deuteronomy 32:14; Isaiah 63:2
  • 14. Song of Songs 5:12

Footnotes 4

  • [a]. "Judah" sounds like and may be derived from the Hebrew for "praise."
  • [b]. Or "from his descendants"
  • [c]. Or "to whom tribute belongs" ; the meaning of the Hebrew for this phrase is uncertain.
  • [d]. Or "will be dull from wine," / "his teeth white from milk"
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