Genesis 4:6-7

6 Then the LORD said to Cain, “Why are you angry? Why is your face downcast?
7 If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? But if you do not do what is right, sin is crouching at your door; it desires to have you, but you must rule over it.”

Images for Genesis 4:6-7

Genesis 4:6 in Other Translations

KJV
6 And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen?
ESV
6 The LORD said to Cain, "Why are you angry, and why has your face fallen?
NLT
6 “Why are you so angry?” the LORD asked Cain. “Why do you look so dejected?
MSG
6 God spoke to Cain: "Why this tantrum? Why the sulking?
CSB
6 Then the Lord said to Cain, "Why are you furious? And why are you downcast?

Genesis 4:6-7 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO GENESIS 4

In this chapter an account is given of the two eldest children of Adam and Eve, their names and calling, Ge 4:1,2 and of their different offerings to the Lord, and the different respect had unto them by him, which in Cain issued in wrath and envy, which appeared in his countenance, and were taken notice of by the Lord, and about which he reasoned with him, Ge 4:3-7 but it had no effect upon him, he murdered his brother, upon which he was examined about him, but denied he knew anything of him where he was, Ge 4:8,9 he is arraigned, convicted and condemned, sentence passed upon him, and that executed, which he complains of, and is mitigated, or however a protection is granted him, and a mark set on him for his security, Ge 4:10-15 after which we have an account of his posterity for several generations, their names, and the business of some of them, Ge 4:16-24 and the chapter is closed with the birth of another son, and of a grandson to Adam and Eve, in whose days was the beginning of social religion.

Genesis 4:6-7 In-Context

4 And Abel also brought an offering—fat portions from some of the firstborn of his flock. The LORD looked with favor on Abel and his offering,
5 but on Cain and his offering he did not look with favor. So Cain was very angry, and his face was downcast.
6 Then the LORD said to Cain, “Why are you angry? Why is your face downcast?
7 If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? But if you do not do what is right, sin is crouching at your door; it desires to have you, but you must rule over it.”
8 Now Cain said to his brother Abel, “Let’s go out to the field.” While they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him.
9 Then the LORD said to Cain, “Where is your brother Abel?” “I don’t know,” he replied. “Am I my brother’s keeper?”

Cross References 3

  • 1. John 4:4
  • 2. Genesis 44:16; Numbers 32:23; Isaiah 59:12
  • 3. Job 11:15; Job 22:27; Psalms 27:3; Psalms 46:2; S Romans 6:16
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