Isaiah 48:4

4 For I knew how stubborn you were; your neck muscles were iron, your forehead was bronze.

Read Isaiah 48:4 Using Other Translations

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;
Because I know that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew and your forehead brass,
For I know how stubborn and obstinate you are. Your necks are as unbending as iron. Your heads are as hard as bronze.

What does Isaiah 48:4 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
Isaiah 48:4

Because I knew that thou art obstinate
Or "hard" F1, hard hearted, an obdurate and rebellious people, contradicting and gainsaying: and thy neck is as an iron sinew;
stiffnecked, inflexible, not compliant with the will of God, and his commands; unwilling to admit his yoke, and bear it: and thy brow brass;
impudent, not ashamed of sin, nor blushing at it, refusing to receive correction for it, having a whore's forehead. This the Lord knew and foreknew, and therefore declared before hand what would come to pass unto them; who otherwise would have had the assurance to have ascribed them to themselves, or their idols, and not to him.


F1 (hta hvq yk) "quod durus tu es", Pagninus, Montanus; "te durum esse", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Vitringa.
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