Isaiah 10:20-34

The Remnant of Israel

20 In that day the remnant of Israel, the survivors of Jacob, will no longer rely on him who struck them down but will truly rely on the LORD, the Holy One of Israel.
21 A remnant will return,[a] a remnant of Jacob will return to the Mighty God.
22 Though your people be like the sand by the sea, Israel, only a remnant will return. Destruction has been decreed, overwhelming and righteous.
23 The Lord, the LORD Almighty, will carry out the destruction decreed upon the whole land.
24 Therefore this is what the Lord, the LORD Almighty, says: “My people who live in Zion, do not be afraid of the Assyrians, who beat you with a rod and lift up a club against you, as Egypt did.
25 Very soon my anger against you will end and my wrath will be directed to their destruction.”
26 The LORD Almighty will lash them with a whip, as when he struck down Midian at the rock of Oreb; and he will raise his staff over the waters, as he did in Egypt.
27 In that day their burden will be lifted from your shoulders, their yoke from your neck; the yoke will be broken because you have grown so fat.[b]
28 They enter Aiath; they pass through Migron; they store supplies at Mikmash.
29 They go over the pass, and say, “We will camp overnight at Geba.” Ramah trembles; Gibeah of Saul flees.
30 Cry out, Daughter Gallim! Listen, Laishah! Poor Anathoth!
31 Madmenah is in flight; the people of Gebim take cover.
32 This day they will halt at Nob; they will shake their fist at the mount of Daughter Zion, at the hill of Jerusalem.
33 See, the Lord, the LORD Almighty, will lop off the boughs with great power. The lofty trees will be felled, the tall ones will be brought low.
34 He will cut down the forest thickets with an ax; Lebanon will fall before the Mighty One.

Isaiah 10:20 in Other Translations

KJV
20 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the remnant of Israel, and such as are escaped of the house of Jacob, shall no more again stay upon him that smote them; but shall stay upon the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, in truth.
ESV
20 In that day the remnant of Israel and the survivors of the house of Jacob will no more lean on him who struck them, but will lean on the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, in truth.
NLT
20 In that day the remnant left in Israel, the survivors in the house of Jacob, will no longer depend on allies who seek to destroy them. But they will faithfully trust the LORD, the Holy One of Israel.
MSG
20 And on that Day also, what's left of Israel, the ragtag survivors of Jacob, will no longer be fascinated by abusive, battering Assyria. They'll lean on God, The Holy - yes, truly.
CSB
20 On that day the remnant of Israel and the survivors of the house of Jacob will no longer depend on the one who struck them, but they will faithfully depend on the Lord, the Holy One of Israel.

Isaiah 10:20-34 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO ISAIAH 10

This chapter contains denunciations of punishment, first on the governors of the Jewish nation, and then upon the Assyrians; a woe is denounced on the makers and imposers of bad laws, whereby the poor and the needy, the widows and the fatherless, were deprived of their right, Isa 10:1,2 which woe or punishment is explained to be a desolation of their country by the Assyrians, that should come afar off, and which they could not escape; under whom they should bow and fall; and yet there should not be an end of their punishment, Isa 10:3,4 next follows a prophecy of the destruction of the Assyrians themselves, for the comfort of God's people; in which is observed, that the Assyrian monarch was an instrument in the hand of the Lord to chastise his people, and therefore is called the rod and staff of his wrath and indignation, Isa 10:5 the people are described against whom he was sent, and the end for which is mentioned, Isa 10:6 though this was not his intention, nor did he design to stop here, but to destroy and cut off many other nations, Isa 10:7 which he hoped to do from the magnificence of his princes, who were as kings, and from the conquests he had made of kingdoms, and their chief cities, Isa 10:8-11 wherefore, when the Lord had done what he designed to do by him among his people the Jews, he was determined to punish him, because of the pride of his heart, and the haughtiness of his looks, and his boasting of his strength and wisdom, and of his robberies and plunders, without opposition; which boasting was as foolish as if an axe, a saw, a rod, and a staff, should boast, magnify, move, and lift up themselves against the person that made use of them, Isa 10:12-15 which punishment is said to come from the Lord, and is expressed by leanness, and by a consuming and devouring fire; for which reason his army is compared to thorns and briers, to a forest, and a fruitful field, which should be destroyed at once; so that what of the trees remained should be so few as to be numbered by a child, Isa 10:16-19 and, for the further consolation of the people of God, it is observed, that in the times following the destruction of the Assyrian monarchy, a remnant of the people of Israel should be converted, and no more lean upon an arm of flesh, but upon the Lord Christ, the Holy One of Israel; even a remnant only; for though that people were very numerous, yet a remnant, according to the election of grace, should be saved, when it was the determinate counsel of God, and according to his righteous judgment, to destroy the far greater part of them, for their perverseness and obstinacy, Isa 10:20-23 wherefore the people of God are exhorted not to be afraid of the Assyrian, though chastised by him; since in a little time the anger of the Lord would cease in his destruction, which should be after the manner of the Egyptians at the Red sea, and as the slaughter of Midian at the rock of Oreb; whereby they would be free from his burden and yoke, because of the anointed King that should reign, or the King Messiah, Isa 10:24-27 and then follows a description of the expedition of the king of Assyria into Judea, by making mention of the several places through which he should pass with terror to the inhabitants, until he should come to Jerusalem, against which he should shake his hand, Isa 10:28-32 and then, under the similes of lopping a bough, and cutting down the thickets of a forest, and the trees of Lebanon, is predicted the destruction of his army and its generals by an angel, Isa 10:33,34.

Isaiah 10:20-34 In-Context

18 The splendor of his forests and fertile fields it will completely destroy, as when a sick person wastes away.
19 And the remaining trees of his forests will be so few that a child could write them down.
20 In that day the remnant of Israel, the survivors of Jacob, will no longer rely on him who struck them down but will truly rely on the LORD, the Holy One of Israel.
21 A remnant will return, a remnant of Jacob will return to the Mighty God.
22 Though your people be like the sand by the sea, Israel, only a remnant will return. Destruction has been decreed, overwhelming and righteous.
23 The Lord, the LORD Almighty, will carry out the destruction decreed upon the whole land.
24 Therefore this is what the Lord, the LORD Almighty, says: “My people who live in Zion, do not be afraid of the Assyrians, who beat you with a rod and lift up a club against you, as Egypt did.
25 Very soon my anger against you will end and my wrath will be directed to their destruction.”
26 The LORD Almighty will lash them with a whip, as when he struck down Midian at the rock of Oreb; and he will raise his staff over the waters, as he did in Egypt.
27 In that day their burden will be lifted from your shoulders, their yoke from your neck; the yoke will be broken because you have grown so fat.
28 They enter Aiath; they pass through Migron; they store supplies at Mikmash.
29 They go over the pass, and say, “We will camp overnight at Geba.” Ramah trembles; Gibeah of Saul flees.
30 Cry out, Daughter Gallim! Listen, Laishah! Poor Anathoth!
31 Madmenah is in flight; the people of Gebim take cover.
32 This day they will halt at Nob; they will shake their fist at the mount of Daughter Zion, at the hill of Jerusalem.
33 See, the Lord, the LORD Almighty, will lop off the boughs with great power. The lofty trees will be felled, the tall ones will be brought low.
34 He will cut down the forest thickets with an ax; Lebanon will fall before the Mighty One.

Cross References 49

  • 1. ver 27; Isaiah 11:10,11; Isaiah 12:1,4; Isaiah 19:18,19; Isaiah 24:21; Isaiah 28:5; Isaiah 52:6; Zechariah 9:16
  • 2. S Isaiah 1:9; Ezekiel 7:16
  • 3. S 2 Kings 16:7
  • 4. 2 Chronicles 28:20
  • 5. 2 Chronicles 14:11; Micah 7:7">Isa 1Micah 7:7; Isaiah 48:2; Isaiah 50:10; Jeremiah 21:2; Hosea 3:5; Hosea 6:1; Micah 3:11; Micah 7:7
  • 6. S Isaiah 5:24
  • 7. S Genesis 45:7; Isaiah 6:13; Zephaniah 3:13
  • 8. Isaiah 7:3
  • 9. S Isaiah 9:6
  • 10. S Genesis 12:2; Isaiah 48:19; Jeremiah 33:22
  • 11. Ezra 1:4; Isaiah 11:11; Isaiah 46:3; Romans 9:27-28
  • 12. ver 23; Isaiah 28:22; Jeremiah 40:2; Daniel 9:27
  • 13. S ver 22
  • 14. Isaiah 6:12; Isaiah 28:22; Romans 9:27-28*
  • 15. Psalms 87:5-6
  • 16. S Isaiah 7:4
  • 17. S Exodus 5:14
  • 18. S ver 5
  • 19. Isaiah 17:14; Isaiah 29:17; Haggai 2:6
  • 20. ver 5; Psalms 30:5; Isaiah 13:5; Isaiah 24:21; Isaiah 26:20; Isaiah 30:30; Isaiah 34:2; Isaiah 66:14; Daniel 8:19; Daniel 11:36
  • 21. S ver 3; Micah 5:6
  • 22. Isaiah 37:36-38
  • 23. S Isaiah 9:4
  • 24. Isaiah 30:32
  • 25. S Exodus 14:16
  • 26. S ver 20
  • 27. S Psalms 66:11
  • 28. S Leviticus 26:13; S Isaiah 9:4
  • 29. Isaiah 14:25; Isaiah 47:6; Isaiah 52:2
  • 30. Jeremiah 30:8
  • 31. S 1 Samuel 14:2
  • 32. S Joshua 1:11
  • 33. 1 Samuel 13:2
  • 34. S Joshua 18:24; S Nehemiah 11:31
  • 35. S Joshua 18:25
  • 36. S Judges 19:14
  • 37. Isaiah 15:5
  • 38. 1 Samuel 25:44
  • 39. S Nehemiah 11:32
  • 40. S 1 Samuel 21:1
  • 41. S Job 15:25
  • 42. S Psalms 9:14; Isaiah 16:1; Jeremiah 6:23
  • 43. Isaiah 18:5; Isaiah 27:11; Ezekiel 17:4
  • 44. S Exodus 12:12
  • 45. Isaiah 2:13; Amos 2:9
  • 46. Isaiah 5:15
  • 47. Nahum 1:12; Zechariah 11:2
  • 48. S 2 Kings 19:23
  • 49. S Genesis 49:24; Psalms 93:4; Isaiah 33:21

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. Hebrew "shear-jashub" (see 7:3 and note); also in verse 22
  • [b]. Hebrew; Septuagint "broken" / "from your shoulders"
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