O thou that dwellest upon many waters
Here Babylon is addressed, either by the Lord, or by the prophet, or the godly Jews; who is described by her, situation, which was by the great river Euphrates; which being branched out into several canals or rivers, both ran through it, and encompassed it; hence mention is made of the rivers of Babylon, ( Psalms 137:1 ) ; and a fit emblem this city was of mystical Babylon, which is also said to sit on many waters, interpreted of people and nations, ( Revelation 17:1 Revelation 17:15 ) ; and which Kimchi here interprets of an affluence of good things, though he admits of the literal sense of the words: abundant in treasures:
of corn, and of the fruits of the earth, and so in condition to hold out a siege, as well as strongly fortified by art and nature, before described; and of gold and silver, the sinews of war, which she had got together, partly by commerce, and partly by the spoil of other nations; and yet neither her situation nor her affluence could secure her from ruin: thine end is come, [and] the measure of thy covetousness;
this flourishing city was now near its end, and with it the whole Babylonish monarchy; the time fixed by the Lord, for the duration of one and the other, was now come; and whereas her covetousness was insatiable, and would have known no bounds, for the enlargement of her dominions, and for the accumulation of more wealth and riches; God set a limit to it, beyond which it should not go; which measure was now filled up, and the time for it expired. The Targum is,
``the day of thy destruction is come, and the time of the visitation of thy wickedness,''