Jeremiah 16:1-13

Day of Disaster

1 Then the word of the LORD came to me:
2 “You must not marry and have sons or daughters in this place.”
3 For this is what the LORD says about the sons and daughters born in this land and about the women who are their mothers and the men who are their fathers:
4 “They will die of deadly diseases. They will not be mourned or buried but will be like dung lying on the ground. They will perish by sword and famine, and their dead bodies will become food for the birds and the wild animals.”
5 For this is what the LORD says: “Do not enter a house where there is a funeral meal; do not go to mourn or show sympathy, because I have withdrawn my blessing, my love and my pity from this people,” declares the LORD.
6 “Both high and low will die in this land. They will not be buried or mourned, and no one will cut themselves or shave their head for the dead.
7 No one will offer food to comfort those who mourn for the dead—not even for a father or a mother—nor will anyone give them a drink to console them.
8 “And do not enter a house where there is feasting and sit down to eat and drink.
9 For this is what the LORD Almighty, the God of Israel, says: Before your eyes and in your days I will bring an end to the sounds of joy and gladness and to the voices of bride and bridegroom in this place.
10 “When you tell these people all this and they ask you, ‘Why has the LORD decreed such a great disaster against us? What wrong have we done? What sin have we committed against the LORD our God?’
11 then say to them, ‘It is because your ancestors forsook me,’ declares the LORD, ‘and followed other gods and served and worshiped them. They forsook me and did not keep my law.
12 But you have behaved more wickedly than your ancestors. See how all of you are following the stubbornness of your evil hearts instead of obeying me.
13 So I will throw you out of this land into a land neither you nor your ancestors have known, and there you will serve other gods day and night, for I will show you no favor.’

Jeremiah 16:1-13 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO JEREMIAH 16

In this chapter the ruin and destruction of the Jews is set forth, and confirmed by the prophet's being forbid to be merry, or to go into the house of feasting or mourning, with the reasons thereof; also the sins of the people, the cause of it, are pointed at; and afterwards a promise of their restoration is made; and the chapter is concluded with a prayer of the prophet, pressing his faith in the divine protection, and in the calling of the Gentiles. After the preface or introduction, Jer 16:1, the prophet is forbid to take a wife, or have any children, with the reason of it; because that parents and children would die of grievous deaths unlamented, and not be buried, Jer 16:2-4 and he is also forbid to go into the house of mourning, because peace, lovingkindness, and mercy, were taken from the people, and both great and small would die, and no lamentation be made for them, nor have any burial also, Jer 16:5-7, nor might he go into the house of feasting, because the voice of joy and gladness would cease out of the land, Jer 16:8,9, and upon the people's inquiring the reason of all this, the prophet is bid to tell them, that it was for their forsaking the Lord and his worship, and for their idolatrous practices; of which they were more guilty than their forefathers, and therefore would be cast out of the land, and carried captive into a strange country, Jer 16:10-13 but, after all this, they should be restored again to their own land, and have a greater deliverance than that out of Egypt, as they themselves would own, Jer 16:14,15 but before this would be, fishers and hunters should be sent to distress them, and all because of their iniquities, which God's eye was upon, and would recompense, Jer 16:16-18, and the chapter is closed with the prophet's prayer, in which he expresses his faith in the Lord, and in the conversion of the Gentiles, who would be convinced of their idolatry, and made to know the power and name of the Lord, Jer 16:19,20.

Jeremiah 16:1-13 In-Context

1 Then the word of the LORD came to me:
2 “You must not marry and have sons or daughters in this place.”
3 For this is what the LORD says about the sons and daughters born in this land and about the women who are their mothers and the men who are their fathers:
4 “They will die of deadly diseases. They will not be mourned or buried but will be like dung lying on the ground. They will perish by sword and famine, and their dead bodies will become food for the birds and the wild animals.”
5 For this is what the LORD says: “Do not enter a house where there is a funeral meal; do not go to mourn or show sympathy, because I have withdrawn my blessing, my love and my pity from this people,” declares the LORD.
6 “Both high and low will die in this land. They will not be buried or mourned, and no one will cut themselves or shave their head for the dead.
7 No one will offer food to comfort those who mourn for the dead—not even for a father or a mother—nor will anyone give them a drink to console them.
8 “And do not enter a house where there is feasting and sit down to eat and drink.
9 For this is what the LORD Almighty, the God of Israel, says: Before your eyes and in your days I will bring an end to the sounds of joy and gladness and to the voices of bride and bridegroom in this place.
10 “When you tell these people all this and they ask you, ‘Why has the LORD decreed such a great disaster against us? What wrong have we done? What sin have we committed against the LORD our God?’
11 then say to them, ‘It is because your ancestors forsook me,’ declares the LORD, ‘and followed other gods and served and worshiped them. They forsook me and did not keep my law.
12 But you have behaved more wickedly than your ancestors. See how all of you are following the stubbornness of your evil hearts instead of obeying me.
13 So I will throw you out of this land into a land neither you nor your ancestors have known, and there you will serve other gods day and night, for I will show you no favor.’
14 “However, the days are coming,” declares the LORD, “when it will no longer be said, ‘As surely as the LORD lives, who brought the Israelites up out of Egypt,’
15 but it will be said, ‘As surely as the LORD lives, who brought the Israelites up out of the land of the north and out of all the countries where he had banished them.’ For I will restore them to the land I gave their ancestors.
16 “But now I will send for many fishermen,” declares the LORD, “and they will catch them. After that I will send for many hunters, and they will hunt them down on every mountain and hill and from the crevices of the rocks.
17 My eyes are on all their ways; they are not hidden from me, nor is their sin concealed from my eyes.

Cross References 27

  • 1. Matthew 19:12; 1 Corinthians 7:26-27
  • 2. Jeremiah 6:21
  • 3. ver 6; Jeremiah 25:33
  • 4. Psalms 83:10; S Jeremiah 9:22
  • 5. S Jeremiah 14:15
  • 6. S Deuteronomy 28:26; Psalms 79:1-3; S Jeremiah 14:12; Jeremiah 19:7; Jeremiah 15:3; Jeremiah 34:20
  • 7. S Jeremiah 15:5
  • 8. Jeremiah 9:21; Ezekiel 9:5-6
  • 9. S ver 4
  • 10. S Leviticus 19:28
  • 11. S Leviticus 21:5; S Job 1:20; Jeremiah 41:5; Jeremiah 47:5
  • 12. S 2 Samuel 3:35
  • 13. Jeremiah 22:10; Ezekiel 24:17; Hosea 9:4
  • 14. Lamentations 1:9,16
  • 15. S Exodus 32:6; S Ecclesiastes 7:2-4; S Jeremiah 15:17
  • 16. S Isaiah 24:8; S Isaiah 51:3; Ezekiel 26:13; Hosea 2:11; Amos 6:4-7
  • 17. S Psalms 78:63
  • 18. Isaiah 22:12-14; Revelation 18:23
  • 19. S Deuteronomy 29:24; Jeremiah 5:19
  • 20. S Job 31:27
  • 21. Deuteronomy 29:25-26; S 1 Kings 9:9; Psalms 106:35-43; Jeremiah 22:9
  • 22. S Exodus 32:8; S Jeremiah 7:26; Ezekiel 20:30; Amos 2:4
  • 23. S Ecclesiastes 9:3; S Jeremiah 3:17; Jeremiah 13:10
  • 24. S 2 Chronicles 7:20
  • 25. S Deuteronomy 28:36; S Jeremiah 5:19
  • 26. S Deuteronomy 4:28; S 1 Kings 9:9
  • 27. S Jeremiah 15:5