Jeremiah 20:1-9

Jeremiah and Pashhur

1 When the priest Pashhur son of Immer, the official in charge of the temple of the LORD, heard Jeremiah prophesying these things,
2 he had Jeremiah the prophet beaten and put in the stocks at the Upper Gate of Benjamin at the LORD’s temple.
3 The next day, when Pashhur released him from the stocks, Jeremiah said to him, “The LORD’s name for you is not Pashhur, but Terror on Every Side.
4 For this is what the LORD says: ‘I will make you a terror to yourself and to all your friends; with your own eyes you will see them fall by the sword of their enemies. I will give all Judah into the hands of the king of Babylon, who will carry them away to Babylon or put them to the sword.
5 I will deliver all the wealth of this city into the hands of their enemies—all its products, all its valuables and all the treasures of the kings of Judah. They will take it away as plunder and carry it off to Babylon.
6 And you, Pashhur, and all who live in your house will go into exile to Babylon. There you will die and be buried, you and all your friends to whom you have prophesied lies.’ ”

Jeremiah’s Complaint

7 You deceived[a] me, LORD, and I was deceived[b] ; you overpowered me and prevailed. I am ridiculed all day long; everyone mocks me.
8 Whenever I speak, I cry out proclaiming violence and destruction. So the word of the LORD has brought me insult and reproach all day long.
9 But if I say, “I will not mention his word or speak anymore in his name,” his word is in my heart like a fire, a fire shut up in my bones. I am weary of holding it in; indeed, I cannot.

Jeremiah 20:1-9 Meaning and Commentary


This chapter gives an account of the usage that Jeremiah met with from many for his prophecies, and the effect it had upon him. He was smitten and put in the stocks by Pashur the priest, who released him the next day, Jer 20:1-3; upon which he prophesies again of the delivery of the city of Jerusalem, with all its riches, and of the whole land, to the Chaldeans; and particularly that Pashur should be a terror to himself and all his friends; and that both he and they should be carried captive into Babylon, and die, and be buried there, Jer 20:4-6; and then he complains of his being mocked at by the people for the word of the Lord; which he therefore determined to make no more mention of, but was obliged to it; and of the defamations of him, and snares that were laid for him, Jer 20:7-10; under which he is supported with the consideration of the Lord's being with him, and that his enemies should not prevail, but be confounded; and appeals to him, and calls for vengeance from him on them; and, in the view of deliverance, not only praises the Lord himself, but calls upon others to join with him in it, Jer 20:11-13; and yet, after all, the chapter is concluded with his cursing the day of his birth, and the man that brought his father the news of it, Jer 20:14-18.

Cross References 22

  • 1. S 1 Chronicles 24:14
  • 2. 2 Kings 25:18; Luke 22:52
  • 3. Deuteronomy 25:2-3; S Jeremiah 1:19; Jeremiah 15:15; Jeremiah 37:15; 2 Corinthians 11:24
  • 4. S Job 13:27; Jeremiah 29:26; Acts 16:24; Hebrews 11:36
  • 5. S Job 29:7; Jeremiah 37:13; Jeremiah 38:7; Zechariah 14:10
  • 6. Hosea 1:4
  • 7. S ver 10; S Psalms 31:13
  • 8. Jeremiah 29:21
  • 9. Jeremiah 21:10; Jeremiah 25:9
  • 10. Jeremiah 13:19; Jeremiah 39:9; Jeremiah 52:27
  • 11. S 2 Kings 25:15; Jeremiah 17:3
  • 12. S 2 Kings 20:17
  • 13. S Jeremiah 14:15; Lamentations 2:14
  • 14. S Exodus 5:23; Exodus 22:16
  • 15. Isaiah 8:11; Amos 3:8; 1 Corinthians 9:16
  • 16. Job 12:4
  • 17. S Job 17:2; S Psalms 119:21
  • 18. Jeremiah 6:7; Jeremiah 28:8
  • 19. S 2 Chronicles 36:16; S Jeremiah 6:10
  • 20. Jeremiah 44:16
  • 21. S Psalms 39:3; S Jeremiah 4:19
  • 22. S Job 4:2; S Jeremiah 6:11; Amos 3:8; Job 32:18-20; Acts 4:20

Footnotes 2

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