Job 11:20

20 But the eyes of the wicked will fail, and escape will elude them; their hope will become a dying gasp.”

Job 11:20 in Other Translations

20 But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape, and their hope shall be as the giving up of the ghost.
20 But the eyes of the wicked will fail; all way of escape will be lost to them, and their hope is to breathe their last."
20 But the wicked will be blinded. They will have no escape. Their only hope is death.”
20 But the wicked will see none of this. They're headed down a dead-end road with nothing to look forward to - nothing."
20 But the sight of the wicked will fail. Their way of escape will be cut off, and their [only] hope will be to die.

Job 11:20 Meaning and Commentary

Job 11:20

But the eyes of the wicked shall fail
Either through grief and envy at Job's prosperity, and with looking for his fall into troubles again; or rather through expectation of good things for themselves, and for deliverance out of trouble, but all in vain; see ( Lamentations 4:17 ) ;

and they shall not escape;
afflictions and calamities in this life, nor the righteous judgment, nor wrath to come: or, "refuge shall perish from them" F1; there will be none to betake themselves unto for safety; in vain will they seek it from men; refuge will fail them, and no man care for them; and in vain will they fly to rocks and mountains to fall upon them:

and their hope [shall be as] the giving up of the ghost;
it is with them as when a man is just expiring, and it is all over with him, and there is no hope of his reviving; so the hope of wicked men is a dying hope, a lost hope; it is not hope, but despair; their hope is gone, and they are lost and undone; and if they retain their hope in life, when they come to die they have none; though the righteous has hope in his death, their hope dies with them, if not before them: or, "their hope is the giving up of the ghost" F2; all they have to hope and wish for is death, to relieve them from their present troubles and agonies they are in; and sometimes are left amidst their guilt, despair, and horror, to destroy themselves: now Zophar by all this would suggest, that should not Job take his advice, he would appear to be such a wicked man, whose eyes would fail for his own help, and would not escape the judgments of God here and hereafter, and would die without hope, in black despair; or at least without any hope that would be of any avail.


F1 (Mhnm dba ownmw) "et refugium peribit ab eis", Pagninus, Montanus, Bolducius; "perfugium", Junius & Tremellius; "effugium", Mercerus, Cocceius, Schmidt, Schultens.
F2 "Spes vel expectatio eorum est, vel erit efflatio animae", Mercerus, Cocceius.

Job 11:20 In-Context

18 You will be secure, because there is hope; you will look about you and take your rest in safety.
19 You will lie down, with no one to make you afraid, and many will court your favor.
20 But the eyes of the wicked will fail, and escape will elude them; their hope will become a dying gasp.”

Cross References 3

  • 1. Deuteronomy 28:65; Job 17:5
  • 2. Job 12:10; Job 18:18; Job 27:22; Job 34:22; Job 36:6; Psalms 139:11-12; Jeremiah 11:11; Jeremiah 23:24; Jeremiah 25:35; Amos 2:14; Amos 9:2-3
  • 3. S Job 8:13
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