Job 34:13

13 Who appointed him over the earth? Who put him in charge of the whole world?

Job 34:13 in Other Translations

King James Version (KJV)
13 Who hath given him a charge over the earth? or who hath disposed the whole world?
English Standard Version (ESV)
13 Who gave him charge over the earth, and who laid on him the whole world?
New Living Translation (NLT)
13 Did someone else put the world in his care? Who set the whole world in place?
The Message Bible (MSG)
13 He's the one who runs the earth! He cradles the whole world in his hand!
American Standard Version (ASV)
13 Who gave him a charge over the earth? Or who hath disposed the whole world?
GOD'S WORD Translation (GW)
13 Who put him in charge of the earth? Who appointed him to be over the whole world?
Holman Christian Standard Bible (CSB)
13 Who gave Him authority over the earth? Who put Him in charge of the entire world?
New International Reader's Version (NIRV)
13 Who appointed him to rule over the earth? Who put him in charge of the whole world?

Job 34:13 Meaning and Commentary

Job 34:13

Who hath given him a charge over the earth?
&c.] Or who hath committed the earth unto him, and made it his care and charge? Is there any above him that has put him into this post and office? Under whose direction and command is he, and to whom is he accountable? None at all; he is no deputy or sub-governor: the kings of the earth are under him, and they have others subordinate to them; but he above all, higher than the highest: he is sole Governor of the world in his own right, by right of creation, and which he has from himself and not another; he has no rival, nor partner with him, none to whom he is accountable, or can control him; and since he is the Judge of all the earth, he will do right. Subordinate governors sometimes do unjust things in obedience to their superiors, or to please them, or through fear of them; but nothing of this kind is or can be the case with God; as he cannot do any injustice through inclination of nature, nor through ignorance, as men may; so neither through fear of any, there being none above him from whom he has received a charge, or that rules over him; and, as Jarchi expresses it, can say to him, what dost thou? as, I did not command thee so and so. And though he is sovereign and independent, and his power uncontrollable, it is contrary to his nature to make an ill use of it; and was justice perverted by him, the world would soon be in the utmost confusion: but it is a plain case there is a God that judgeth in the earth, and cannot commit iniquity. Or this may be said with respect to man; who has committed the earth to man, to be his charge, to be governed by him? if so, it would soon come to nothing; all creatures in it would be destroyed, as in the following verses; but this is not the case. Or who has given it to man to possess it, and to enjoy all things in it, and has put all things into his hands, and in subjection to him, to make use thereof, and for his good, delight, and pleasure, and visits him in it in a providential way, in great kindness and goodness? It is the Lord; and can it be thought that he that is so good and beneficent to men will do them any injustice? no, surely! Yea, should he take away all these good things he has given them, and even life itself, it could be no injustice, since he would only take away what he had given and had a right unto;

or who hath disposed the whole world?
or created it, as Aben Ezra; that stored it with all the good things in it for the use of men? or put it in the beautiful order it is, so suitable and convenient for the good of his creatures? or made it the habitable earth it is for man and beast? so Mr. Broughton renders the whole,

``who before him looked to the earth, or who settled all the dwelt land?''

Or who made it the fruitful earth it is, abounding with plenty of food for man and beast? or who disposes of all things in it by his wise providence, so that everything is beautiful in its season? None but the Lord has done all this; how then can it be thought that he who has filled the earth with his goodness should do wickedly or pervert judgment?

Job 34:13 In-Context

11 He repays everyone for what they have done; he brings on them what their conduct deserves.
12 It is unthinkable that God would do wrong, that the Almighty would pervert justice.
13 Who appointed him over the earth? Who put him in charge of the whole world?
14 If it were his intention and he withdrew his spirit and breath,
15 all humanity would perish together and mankind would return to the dust.

Cross References 2

  • 1. Hebrews 1:2
  • 2. Job 36:23; Job 38:4,6; Isaiah 40:14
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