Job 41:13

13 Who can strip off its outer coat? Who can penetrate its double coat of armor[a] ?

Job 41:13 in Other Translations

13 Who can discover the face of his garment? or who can come to him with his double bridle?
13 Who can strip off his outer garment? Who would come near him with a bridle?
13 Who can strip off its hide, and who can penetrate its double layer of armor?
13 Who would even dream of piercing that tough skin or putting those jaws into bit and bridle?
13 Who can strip off his outer covering? Who can penetrate his double layer of armor?

Job 41:13 Meaning and Commentary

Job 41:13

Who can discover the face of his garment?
&c.] Or rather uncover it? Not the sea, which Mr. Broughton represents as the garment of the whale; who can strip him of it, or take him out of that, and bring him to land? which, though not impossible, is difficult: but either the garment of his face, the large bulk or prominence that hangs over his eyes; or rather his skin. Who dare venture to take off his skin, or flay him alive? or take off the scaly coat of the crocodile, which is like a coat of mail to him, and which he never of himself casts off, as serpents do?

[or] who can come [to him] with his double bridle?
either go within his jaws, which, when opened, are like a double bridle; or go near and open his jaws, and put a curb bridle into them, and lead, direct, and rule him at pleasure. This is not to be done either to the whale or crocodile; yet the Tentyritae had a way of getting upon the back of the crocodile; and by putting a stick across its mouth, as it opened it to bite them, and so holding both the ends of it with the right and left hands, as with a bridle, brought them to land, as Pliny F19 relates; and so the Nereides are represented as sitting on the backs of whales by Theocritus F20.


F19 Ut supra. (Plin. l. 8. c. 25.)
F20 Idyll. 19.

Job 41:13 In-Context

11 Who has a claim against me that I must pay? Everything under heaven belongs to me.
12 “I will not fail to speak of Leviathan’s limbs, its strength and its graceful form.
13 Who can strip off its outer coat? Who can penetrate its double coat of armor ?
14 Who dares open the doors of its mouth, ringed about with fearsome teeth?
15 Its back has rows of shields tightly sealed together;

Cross References 1

  • 1. S Job 30:11; S Job 39:10

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Septuagint; Hebrew "double bridle"
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