John 5:21

21 For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son gives life to whom he is pleased to give it.

John 5:21 in Other Translations

KJV
21 For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth them; even so the Son quickeneth whom he will.
ESV
21 For as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so also the Son gives life to whom he will.
NLT
21 For just as the Father gives life to those he raises from the dead, so the Son gives life to anyone he wants.
MSG
21 for in the same way that the Father raises the dead and creates life, so does the Son. The Son gives life to anyone he chooses.
CSB
21 And just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so the Son also gives life to anyone He wants to.

John 5:21 Meaning and Commentary

John 5:21

For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth them,
&c.] Which may be understood either spiritually of raising dead sinners from the death of sin, to a life of grace and holiness; and the rather, because it is expressed in the present tense "raiseth", and not "hath raised"; or naturally of raising those that are dead in a corporeal sense, and quickening them, as the widow of Sarepta's son by Elijah, and the Shunamite's son by Elisha:

even so the Son quickeneth whom he will;
both in a spiritual sense, being the resurrection and the life, or the author of the resurrection from a moral death to a spiritual life, whose voice, in the Gospel, the dead in sin hear, and live; and in a natural sense, as in the above instances of Jairus's daughter, the widow of Naim's son, and Lazarus; and in the general resurrection, when at his voice, and word of power, all that are in their graves shall come forth, some to everlasting life, and some to everlasting damnation; and all this as he wills: he quickens, in a spiritual sense, whom he pleases, even as many as the Father has given him; and he will raise up to everlasting life, at the last day, whom he pleases, even as many as were made his care and charge, whom he has redeemed by his blood; and called by his grace. Now as the quickening of the dead is an act of almighty power, and this being exercised by the Son in a sovereign way, as is by his Father, it shows his proper deity, and full equality with the Father. The resurrection of the dead is here expressed by "quickening", as it frequently is by the Jews, who often speak of (Mytmh tyyht) , "the quickening the dead", for the resurrection; so the Targumist on ( Zechariah 3:8 ) , "in the quickening of the dead", (Knyxa) , "I will quicken thee"; see the Jerusalem Targum on ( Genesis 29:26 ) ( 25:34 ) .

John 5:21 In-Context

19 Jesus gave them this answer: “Very truly I tell you, the Son can do nothing by himself; he can do only what he sees his Father doing, because whatever the Father does the Son also does.
20 For the Father loves the Son and shows him all he does. Yes, and he will show him even greater works than these, so that you will be amazed.
21 For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son gives life to whom he is pleased to give it.
22 Moreover, the Father judges no one, but has entrusted all judgment to the Son,
23 that all may honor the Son just as they honor the Father. Whoever does not honor the Son does not honor the Father, who sent him.

Cross References 2

  • 1. Romans 4:17; Romans 8:11; 2 Corinthians 1:9; Hebrews 11:19
  • 2. John 11:25