Exodus 22:23

23 If thou afflict them in any wise, and they cry at all unto me, I will surely hear their cry;

Exodus 22:23 Meaning and Commentary

Exodus 22:23

If thou afflict them in any wise
. In any way, or by any means whatever; their minds, by reproaches, censures, insults, and their bodies by stripes, false imprisonment and in their substance, by withholding from them what belongs to them, taking what they have, or cheating and defrauding them in any respect; or, "in afflicting afflict them" F5; afflict them much, and continue to do so:

and they cry at all unto me;
in prayer, as the Targum of Jonathan; or, "in crying cry" F6; cry vehemently, or importunately, and with constancy, or rather, cry ever so little:

I will surely hear their cry;
the voice of their prayer, as the same Targum; or, "in hearing I will hear" F7; will certainly take notice of their cries, and return an answer to them, by appearing on their side, and avenging their injuries; for God is the Father of the fatherless, and the husband of the widow, and the Judge of them both: the manner of speaking or form of expression is the same in all these clauses, the words being doubled.


F5 (hnet hne) "affligendo afflixeris", Pagninus, Piscator, Ainsworth, Montanus, Junius & Tremellius.
F6 (qeuy qeu) "clamando clamaverit", Pagninus, Montanus, Piscator, Ainsworth.
F7 (emva emv) "audiendo audiam", Pagninus, Montanus, Piscator, Ainsworth.

Exodus 22:23 In-Context

21 Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
22 Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child.
23 If thou afflict them in any wise, and they cry at all unto me, I will surely hear their cry;
24 And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.
25 If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury.
The King James Version is in the public domain.