Matthew 27:60

60 And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed.

Matthew 27:60 Meaning and Commentary

Matthew 27:60

And laid it in his own new tomb
Christ was laid not in his own, but in another's tomb; for as in his lifetime he had not where to lay his head; so when he was dead, he had no sepulchre of his own to put his body in: and moreover, this shows that as he was born for others, and suffered and died not for himself, but them; so he was buried for them, as well as rose again for their justification: and it was a "new" tomb in which he was laid, in which none had been laid before; and was so ordered by providence, for the confirmation of the truth of his resurrection; for had another body been laid there, it might have been said that it was that, and not his that was raised. The Jews distinguish between a new grave, and an old grave F14:

``a new grave may be measured, and sold, and divided; an old one may not be measured, nor sold, nor divided: there is a new grave, which is as an old one; and an old one, which is as a new one; an old grave, in which are ten dead bodies, which is not in the power of the owners, lo! this is as a new grave.''

Which he had hewn out in the rock; it was usual with the Jews to make their sepulchres in rocks:

``in the midst (of the court of the sepulchre, they say F15) two caves are opened, one on one side, and the other on the other; R. Simeon says, four on the four sides; Rabban Simeon ben Gamaliel says, all are (eloh ypl) , "according to the rock";''

i.e. according to the nature of the rock, out of which the sepulchre is hewn; see ( Isaiah 22:16 ) .

And he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre;
for the sepulchres were made with doors to go in and out at: hence we often read F16 of (rbqh xtph) , "the door of the sepulchre"; and this was not only the custom of the Jews, but of other nations also F17: the stone rolled to the door, was what the Jews call, (llwg) , from its being rolled to, and from the door of the sepulchre; and which, they say F18, was a large and broad stone, with which the mouth of the sepulchre was stopped above: and it was at the shutting up of the sepulchre with this stone, that mourning began F19; and after it was shut with this sepulchral stone, it was not lawful to open it F20: now this was done by Joseph, to preserve the body from any injury, either from beasts, or from the Jews:

when he had so done, he departed
to his own house; for the sabbath drew on, and there was no more time to do any thing more in this affair. The Syriac version reads these last clauses in the plural number; "they rolled a great stone, and they put it" and they went away; intimating, that Joseph did not do this himself; the stone was too great; but by others, or with their assistance. It may be observed, that all this was done on a feast day; on one of the days of the feast of the passover, when no servile work was to be done; and yet this was agreeably to the Jewish canons, which say {u},

``they do all things needful for the dead on a feast day; they shave his head, and wash his clothes, and make him a coffin; and if they have no boards, they bring timber and saw boards of it, silently within doors; and if the person is a man of note, they do it even in the street; but they do not cut wood out of the forest, to saw planks of it for the coffin; nor do they hew stones, to build a tomb with them.''

In this case, there was no need for the latter, because the sepulchre in which the body of Christ was laid, had been hewn out of a rock before; but the body was wrapped in a clean linen cloth, and wound up in it with myrrh and aloes to preserve it, and was interred; and so the women on this day, prepared spices and ointments, to anoint it with; though they rested on the sabbath day according to the commandment; but then as soon as that was over, though it was a feast day, they came to the sepulchre with their spices and ointments, ( Luke 23:56 ) ( 24:1 ) .


F14 Massech. Semachto, c. 14. fol. 16. 2.
F15 Misn. Bava Bathra, c. 6. sect. 8.
F16 Misn. ib. & Bartenora in Misn. Ohalot, c. 15. sect. 8.
F17 Vid. Kirchman de Funer. Roman. l. 3. c. 15. p. 438.
F18 Bartenora & Yom. Tob. in Misn. Ohalot, c. 2. sect. 4.
F19 T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 47. 2. Maimon. Hilchot Ebel, c. 1. sect. 2. & c. 2. sect. 8.
F20 Vid. Buxtorf. Lex. Rab. p. 437.
F21 Maimon. Hilchot Yom. Tob. c. 7. sect. 15.

Matthew 27:60 In-Context

58 He went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded the body to be delivered.
59 And when Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth,
60 And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed.
61 And there was Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary, sitting over against the sepulchre.
62 Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate,
The King James Version is in the public domain.