Psalms 139:3

3 Thou compassest[a] my path and my lying down, and art acquainted with all my ways.

Psalms 139:3 Meaning and Commentary

Psalms 139:3

Thou compassest my path and my lying down
The Targum adds,

``to study in the law.''

His walk in the daytime, and every step he took, and his lying down at night. It denotes his perfect knowledge of all his actions, day and night; he surrounds every path of man, that they cannot escape his knowledge. Or, "thou winnowest", as some render the word F3; he distinguishes actions; he discerns and separates the good from the bad, or the goodness of an action from the evil and imperfection of it, as in winnowing the wheat is separated from the chaff. Or, "thou measurest my squaring" F4; all his dimensions, his length and breadth, as he lay down in his bed;

and art acquainted [with] all my ways;
the whole of his life and conversation, all his works and doings: God knows all the evil ways and works of his people; he takes notice of them, and chastises for them; and all their good works, and approves and accepts of them; he knows from what principles of faith and love they spring, in what manner they are performed, and with what views, aims, and ends; see ( Revelation 2:2 Revelation 2:19 ) ( Psalms 1:6 ) .


FOOTNOTES:

F3 (tyrz) "ventilasti", Pagninus, Montanus; so Tigurine version and Ainsworth.
F4 (yebr) "quadraturam meam spithama mensurasti", Gussetius, p. 775. "spithama metiris", Cocceius.

Psalms 139:3 In-Context

1 O LORD, thou hast searched me, and known me.
2 Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising, thou understandest my thought afar off.
3 Thou compassest my path and my lying down, and art acquainted with all my ways.
4 For there is not a word in my tongue, but, lo, O LORD, thou knowest it altogether.
5 Thou hast beset me behind and before, and laid thine hand upon me.

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. compassest: or, winnowest