Psalms 119

1 Blessed [are those whose] way is blameless, who walk in the law of Yahweh.
2 Blessed [are] those who keep his testimonies; they seek him with a whole heart.
3 They also do no wrong; they walk in his ways.
4 You have commanded your precepts, that [we] should keep [them] diligently.
5 Oh that my ways were steadfast, to keep your statutes!
6 Then I would not be ashamed when I look to all your commands.
7 I will give you thanks with an upright heart, when I learn your righteous laws.
8 I will heed your statutes; do not utterly forsake me.

Beth

9 How can a young man keep his way pure? By taking heed according to your word.
10 With my whole heart I have sought you; do not let me stray from your commands.
11 In my heart I have hidden your word, so that I may not sin against you.
12 Blessed [are] you, O Yahweh. Teach me your statutes.
13 With my lips I have told [of] all the ordinances of your mouth.
14 In the way of your testimonies I have rejoiced as [I would] over all riches.
15 I will meditate on your precepts and look at your ways.
16 I will take delight in your statutes; I will not forget your word.

Gimel

17 Deal bountifully with your servant, that I may live and heed your word.
18 Uncover my eyes, that I may look at wonderful things from your law.
19 I [am] a sojourner on the earth; do not hide your commands from me.
20 My soul is crushed with longing for your ordinances at all times.
21 You rebuke [the] arrogant, [the] accursed, who stray from your commands.
22 {Remove from} me scorn and contempt, for I have kept your testimonies.
23 Even [though] princes sit [and] speak against me, your servant meditates on your statutes.
24 Your testimonies [are] my delight, {my counselors}.

Daleth

25 My soul clings to the dust; revive me according to your word.
26 I told of my ways, and you answered me; teach me your statutes.
27 Make me understand the way of your precepts, that I may meditate on your wonderful things.
28 My soul weeps because of grief; strengthen me according to your word.
29 Remove from me [the] deceptive way, and graciously give me your law.
30 I have chosen [the] faithful way; I have set your ordinances [before me].
31 I cling to your testimonies; O Yahweh, do not let me be put to shame.
32 I will run the way of your commands, for you will enlarge my heart.

He'

33 Teach me, O Yahweh, the way of your statutes, and I will keep it to the end.
34 Give me understanding, that I may keep your law and heed it with [my] whole heart.
35 Cause me to walk in the path of your commands, for I delight in it.
36 Incline my heart to your testimonies, and not to [dishonest] gain.
37 Turn away my eyes from looking at [what is] worthless; revive me in your ways.
38 Fulfill your word to your servant, which [is] to [bring about] a reverence for you.
39 Turn away my disgrace that I dread, for your ordinances [are] good.
40 Look, I have longed for your precepts; revive me in your righteousness.

Waw

41 Let your acts of loyal love also come to me, O Yahweh, your salvation according to your word.
42 Then I will have an answer [for the] one who taunts me, for I trust your word.
43 And do not snatch [the] word of truth utterly from my mouth, for I hope in your ordinances.
44 So I will heed your law continually, forever and ever.
45 And I will go about {freely}, for I have sought your precepts.
46 And I will speak of your testimonies before kings, and will not be ashamed.
47 And I will take delight in your commands, which I love.
48 And I will lift up my hands to your commands, which I love, and I will meditate on your statutes.

Zayin

49 Remember [your] word to your servant, upon which you have caused me to hope.
50 This [is] my comfort in my misery: that your word preserves my life.
51 [The] arrogant utterly deride me; I have not turned aside from your law.
52 I remember your ordinances of old, O Yahweh, and I take comfort.
53 Rage seizes me because of [the] wicked, those who forsake your law.
54 Your statutes have been my songs in the house of my sojourning.
55 I remember your name in the night, O Yahweh, and I heed your law.
56 This has been mine, that I have kept your precepts.

Heth

57 Yahweh [is] my portion; I intend to heed your words.
58 I {seek your favor} with my whole heart; be gracious [to] me according to your word.
59 I think about my ways, and turn my feet to your testimonies.
60 I hurry and do not delay to heed your commands.
61 [The] cords of [the] wicked surround me, [but] I do not forget your law.
62 [In the] middle of [the] night I rise to give you thanks, because of your righteous ordinances.
63 I [am] a companion of all [who] fear you and heed your precepts.
64 The earth, O Yahweh, is full of your loyal love. Teach me your statutes.

Teth

65 You have dealt well with your servant, O Yahweh, according to your word.
66 Teach me good discernment and knowledge, for I believe your commands.
67 Before I was afflicted, I was going astray, but now I heed your word.
68 You [are] good and do good; teach me your statutes.
69 [The] arrogant smear me with lies; I keep your precepts with [my] whole heart.
70 Their heart [is] insensitive like fat; As for me, I take delight in your law.
71 [It is] good for me that I was afflicted, so that I might learn your statutes.
72 The law of your mouth [is] better to me than thousands of gold and silver [coins].

Yod

73 Your hands have made me and established me; give me understanding that I may learn your commands.
74 Those who fear you will see me and be glad, because I hope in your word.
75 I know, O Yahweh, that your judgments [are] right, and [that] in faithfulness you afflicted me.
76 Please let your loyal love comfort me, according to your word to your servant.
77 Let your mercies come [to] me, that I may live, for your law [is] my delight.
78 Let the arrogant be put to shame, because they have wronged me [with] lies. As for me, I will meditate on your precepts.
79 Let those who fear you turn to me, even those who know your testimonies.
80 May my heart be blameless in your statutes, so that I may not be ashamed.

Kaph

81 My soul languishes for your salvation; I hope in your word.
82 My eyes long for your word, saying, "When will you comfort me?"
83 For I have become like a wineskin in [the] smoke, [yet] I have not forgotten your statutes.
84 How many [are] the days of your servant? When will you execute justice against those who persecute me?
85 [The] arrogant have dug pits for me, which [is] not according to your law.
86 All your commands [are] faithful. They persecute me deceitfully; help me!
87 They have almost destroyed me on the earth, but I have not forsaken your precepts.
88 According to your loyal love preserve me alive, so that I may heed the testimony from your mouth.

Lamed

89 Forever, O Yahweh, your word {is settled} in heaven.
90 Your faithfulness [endures] {throughout all generations}. You have established [the] earth and it stands.
91 By your ordinances they stand today, for all [are] your servants.
92 Unless your law [had been] my delight, then I would have perished in my misery.
93 I will not ever forget your precepts, for by them you revive me.
94 I [am] yours. Save me, for I have sought your precepts.
95 For me [the] wicked [lie in] wait to destroy me. I give attention to your testimonies.
96 I have seen a limit to every perfection; your command [is] very broad.

Mem

97 How I love your law! The whole day it [is] my meditation.
98 Your commands make me wiser than my enemies, because they [are] ever with me.
99 I have more insight than all my teachers, for your testimonies [are] my meditation.
100 I understand more than [the] elders, for I keep your precepts.
101 I have restrained my feet from every evil way, so that I may heed your word.
102 I have not turned aside from your ordinances, for you have taught me.
103 How smooth [are] your words to my palate, more than honey in my mouth.
104 From your precepts I get understanding, therefore I hate every false way.

Nun

105 Your word [is] a lamp to my feet and a light to my path.
106 I have sworn [an oath] and confirmed [it], to heed {your righteous ordinances}.
107 I am very much afflicted; O Yahweh, revive me according to your word.
108 Please accept the freewill offerings of my mouth, O Yahweh, and teach me your ordinances.
109 My life [is] {in danger} continually, yet I do not forget your law.
110 [The] wicked have laid a snare for me, yet I do not wander from your precepts.
111 I have taken as my own your testimonies forever, for they [are] the joy of my heart.
112 I have inclined my heart to do your statutes forever, to the end.

Samek

113 I hate {the double-minded}, but I love your law.
114 You [are] my hiding place and my shield; I hope in your word.
115 Turn aside from me, [you] evildoers, for I will keep the commands of my God.
116 Sustain me according to your word, that I may live, and do not let me be ashamed of my hope.
117 Uphold me, that I may be delivered, and have regard for your statutes continually.
118 You reject all [who] stray from your statutes, for their deceit [is] a breach of faith.
119 You remove all the wicked of [the] earth [like] dross, therefore I love your testimonies.
120 My flesh trembles for fear of you, and I am afraid of your judgments.

?Ayin

121 I have done justice and righteousness; do not leave me to my oppressors.
122 Pledge good for your servant; do not let [the] arrogant oppress me.
123 My eyes long for your salvation, and your righteous word.
124 Deal with your servant according to your loyal love, and teach me your statutes.
125 I [am] your servant; give me understanding, that I may know your statutes.
126 [It is] time for Yahweh to act, [for] they have broken your law.
127 Therefore I love your commands more than gold, even fine gold.
128 Therefore all [your] precepts of everything I regard as right; I hate every false way.

Pe

129 Your testimonies [are] miracles, therefore my soul keeps them.
130 The unfolding of your words gives light, giving understanding to [the] simple.
131 I open my mouth and pant, because I long for your commands.
132 Turn to me and be gracious to me, as [is] proper for those who love your name.
133 Direct my steps in your word, and do not let any iniquity gain power over me.
134 Redeem me from [the] oppression of humankind, that I may heed your precepts.
135 Shine your face on your servant, and teach me your statutes.
136 Streams of water flow down [from] my eyes, because [people] do not heed your law.

Tsade

137 You [are] righteous, O Yahweh, and your ordinances [are] upright.
138 You have ordained your testimonies [in] righteousness, and [in] exceeding faithfulness.
139 My zeal consumes me, because my enemies have forgotten your words.
140 Your word [is] very pure, and your servant loves it.
141 I [am] small and despised, [yet] I do not forget your precepts.
142 Your righteousness [is] an everlasting righteousness, and your law [is] truth.
143 Trouble and anguish have found me; your commands delight me.
144 The righteousness of your testimonies [is] forever; give me understanding that I may live.

Qoph

145 I call with [my] whole heart; answer me, O Yahweh. I will keep your statutes.
146 I call to you. Save me, and I will heed your testimonies.
147 I rise early in the dawn and cry for help; I hope in your word.
148 My eyes anticipate [the] night watches, that [I may] meditate on your word.
149 Hear my voice according to your loyal love; O Yahweh, preserve my life according to your justice.
150 [Those who] pursue a [wicked] purpose draw near; they are far from your law.
151 You [are] near, O Yahweh, and all your commands [are] truth.
152 Concerning your testimonies, I knew long ago that you have established them forever.

Resh

153 See my misery and rescue me, for I do not forget your law.
154 Plead my cause and redeem me; preserve my life according to your word.
155 Salvation [is] far from [the] wicked, for they do not seek your statutes.
156 Your mercies [are] great, O Yahweh; preserve my life according to your ordinances.
157 My persecutors and enemies [are] many, [yet] I do not turn aside from your testimonies.
158 I see [the] treacherous and I feel disgust, because they do not heed your word.
159 Consider that I love your precepts; O Yahweh, according to your loyal love preserve my life.
160 The {whole} of your word [is] truth, and your every righteous judgment [endures] forever.

Sin/Shin

161 Princes persecute me without cause, but my heart trembles because of your word.
162 I [am] rejoicing over your word, like one who finds great spoil.
163 I hate and abhor falsehood; I love your law.
164 I praise you seven [times] in the day for your righteous ordinances.
165 Great peace [is] for those who love your law, and they do not have a cause for stumbling.
166 I hope for your salvation, O Yahweh, and do your commands.
167 My soul heeds your testimonies, and I love them exceedingly.
168 I heed your precepts and testimonies, because all my ways [are] before you.

Taw

169 Let my cry come before you, O Yahweh; give me understanding according to your word.
170 Let my plea come before you; Deliver me according to your word.
171 Let my lips pour out praise, because you teach me your statutes.
172 Let my tongue sing [of] your word, because all your commands [are] right.
173 Let your hand be my help, because I have chosen your precepts.
174 I long for your salvation, O Yahweh, and your law [is] my delight.
175 Let my soul live that it may praise you, and let your ordinances help me.
176 I have wandered like a lost sheep; seek your servant, because I do not forget your commands.

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Psalms 119 Commentary

Chapter 119

The general scope and design of this psalm is to magnify the Divine law, and make it honourable. There are ten words by which Divine revelation is called in this psalm, and each expresses what God expects from us, and what we may expect from him. 1. God's law; this is enacted by him as our Sovereign. 2. His way; this is the rule of his providence. 3. His testimonies; they are solemnly declared to the world. 4. His commandments; given with authority. 5. His precepts; not left as indifferent matters to us. 6. His word, or saying; it is the declaration of his mind. 7. His judgments; framed in infinite wisdom. 8. His righteousness; it is the rule and standard of what is right. 9. His statutes; they are always binding. 10. His truth or faithfulness; it is eternal truth, it shall endure for ever.

Verses 1-8 This psalm may be considered as the statement of a believer's experience. As far as our views, desires, and affections agree with what is here expressed, they come from the influences of the Holy Spirit, and no further. The pardoning mercy of God in Christ, is the only source of a sinner's happiness. And those are most happy, who are preserved most free from the defilement of sin, who simply believe God's testimonies, and depend on his promises. If the heart be divided between him and the world, it is evil. But the saints carefully avoid all sin; they are conscious of much evil that clogs them in the ways of God, but not of that wickedness which draws them out of those ways. The tempter would make men think they are at them out of those ways. The tempter would make men think they are at liberty to follow the word of God or not, as they please. But the desire and prayer of a good man agree with the will and command of God. If a man expects by obedience in one thing to purchase indulgence for disobedience in others, his hypocrisy will be detected; if he is not ashamed in this world, everlasting shame will be his portion. The psalmist coveted to learn the laws of God, to give God the glory. And believers see that if God forsakes them, the temper will be too hard for them.

Verses 9-16 To original corruption all have added actual sin. The ruin of the young is either living by no rule at all, or choosing false rules: let them walk by Scripture rules. To doubt of our own wisdom and strength, and to depend upon God, proves the purpose of holiness is sincere. God's word is treasure worth laying up, and there is no laying it up safe but in our hearts, that we may oppose God's precepts to the dominion of sin, his promises to its allurements, and his threatenings to its violence. Let this be our plea with Him to teach us his statutes, that, being partakers of his holiness, we may also partake of his blessedness. And those whose hearts are fed with the bread of life, should with their lips feed many. In the way of God's commandments there is the unsearchable riches of Christ. But we do not meditate on God's precepts to good purpose, unless our good thoughts produce good works. I will not only think of thy statutes, but do them with delight. And it will be well to try the sincerity of our obedience by tracing the spring of it; the reality of our love by cheerfulness in appointed duties.

Verses 17-24 If God deals in strict justice with us, we all perish. We ought to spend our lives in his service; we shall find true life in keeping his word. Those that would see the wondrous things of God's law and gospel, must beg him to give them understanding, by the light of his Spirit. Believers feel themselves strangers on earth; they fear missing their way, and losing comfort by erring from God's commandments. Every sanctified soul hungers after the word of God, as food which there is no living without. There is something of pride at the bottom of every wilful sin. God can silence lying lips; reproach and contempt may humble and do us good, and then they shall be removed. Do we find the weight of the cross is above that we are able to bear? He that bore it for us will enable us to bear it; upheld by him we cannot sink. It is sad when those who should protect the innocent, are their betrayers. The psalmist went on in duty, and he found comfort in the word of God. The comforts of the word of God are most pleasant to a gracious soul, when other comforts are made bitter; and those that would have God's testimonies to be their delight, must be advised by them. May the Lord direct us in exercising repentance of sin, and faith in Christ.

Verses 25-32 While the souls of the children of this world cleave to the earth as their portion, the children of light are greatly burdened, because of the remains of carnal affections in their hearts. It is unspeakable comfort to a gracious soul, to think with what tenderness all its complaints are received by a gracious God. We can talk of the wonders of redeeming love, when we understand the way of God's precepts, and walk in that way. The penitent melts in sorrow for sin: even the patient spirit may melt in the sense of affliction, it is then its interest to pour out its soul before God. The way of lying means all false ways by which men deceive themselves and others, or are deceived by Satan and his instruments. Those who know and love the law of the Lord, desire to know it more, and love it better. The way of serious godliness is the way of truth; the only true way to happiness: we must always have actual regard to it. Those who stick to the word of God, may in faith expect and pray for acceptance with God. Lord, never leave me to do that by which I shall shame myself, and do not thou reject my services. Those that are going to heaven, should still press forward. God, by his Spirit, enlarges the hearts of his people when he gives them wisdom. The believer prays to be set free from sin.

Verses 33-40 Teach me thy statutes, not the mere words, but the way of applying them to myself. God, by his Spirit, gives a right understanding. But the Spirit of revelation in the word will not suffice, unless we have the Spirit of wisdom in the heart. God puts his Spirit within us, causing us to walk in his statutes. The sin here prayed against is covetousness. Those that would have the love of God rooted in them, must get the love of the world rooted out; for the friendship of the world is enmity with God. Quicken me in thy way; to redeem time, and to do every duty with liveliness of spirit. Beholding vanity deadens us, and slackens our pace; a traveller must not stand gazing upon every object that presents itself to his view. The promises of God's word greatly relate to the preservation of the true believer. When Satan has drawn a child of God into worldly compliances, he will reproach him with the falls into which he led him. Victory must come from the cross of Christ. When we enjoy the sweetness of God's precepts, it will make us long for more acquaintance with them. And where God has wrought to will, he will work to do.

Verses 41-48 Lord, I have by faith thy mercies in view; let me by prayer prevail to obtain them. And when the salvation of the saints is completed, it will plainly appear that it was not in vain to trust in God's word. We need to pray that we may never be afraid or ashamed to own God's truths and ways before men. And the psalmist resolves to keep God's law, in a constant course of obedience, without backsliding. The service of sin is slavery; the service of God is liberty. There is no full happiness, or perfect liberty, but in keeping God's law. We must never be ashamed or afraid to own our religion. The more delight we take in the service of God, the nearer we come to perfection. Not only consent to his law as good, but take pleasure in it as good for us. Let me put forth all the strength I have, to do it. Something of this mind of Christ is in every true disciple.

Verses 49-56 Those that make God's promises their portion, may with humble boldness make them their plea. He that by his Spirit works faith in us, will work for us. The word of God speaks comfort in affliction. If, through grace, it makes us holy, there is enough in it to make us easy, in all conditions. Let us be certain we have the Divine law for what we believe, and then let not scoffers prevail upon us to decline from it. God's judgments of old comfort and encourage us, for he is still the same. Sin is horrible in the eyes of all that are sanctified. Ere long the believer will be absent from the body, and present with the Lord. In the mean time, the statutes of the Lord supply subjects for grateful praise. In the season of affliction, and in the silent hours of the night, he remembers the name of the Lord, and is stirred up to keep the law. All who have made religion the first thing, will own that they have been unspeakable gainers by it.

Verses 57-64 True believers take the Lord for the portion of their inheritance, and nothing less will satisfy them. The psalmist prayed with his whole heart, knowing how to value the blessing he prayed for: he desired the mercy promised, and depended on the promise for it. He turned from by-paths, and returned to God's testimonies. He delayed not. It behoves sinners to hasten to escape; and the believer will be equally in haste to glorify God. No care or grief should take away God's word out of our minds, or hinder the comfort it bestows. There is no situation on earth in which a believer has not cause to be thankful. Let us feel ashamed that others are more willing to keep from sleep to spend the time in sinful pleasures, than we are to praise God. And we should be more earnest in prayer, that our hearts may be filled with his mercy, grace, and peace.

Verses 65-72 However God has dealt with us, he has dealt with us better than we deserve; and all in love, and for our good. Many have knowledge, but little judgment; those who have both, are fortified against the snares of Satan, and furnished for the service of God. We are most apt to wander from God, when we are easy in the world. We should leave our concerns to the disposal of God, seeing we know not what is good for us. Lord, thou art our bountiful Benefactor; incline our hearts to faith and obedience. The psalmist will go on in his duty with constancy and resolution. The proud are full of the world, and its wealth and pleasures; these make them senseless, secure, and stupid. God visits his people with affliction, that they may learn his statutes. Not only God's promises, but even his law, his percepts, though hard to ungodly men, are desirable, and profitable, because they lead us with safety and delight unto eternal life.

Verses 73-80 God made us to serve him, and enjoy him; but by sin we have made ourselves unfit to serve him, and to enjoy him. We ought, therefore, continually to beseech him, by his Holy Spirit, to give us understanding. The comforts some have in God, should be matter of joy to others. But it is easy to own, that God's judgments are right, until it comes to be our own case. All supports under affliction must come from mercy and compassion. The mercies of God are tender mercies; the mercies of a father, the compassion of a mother to her son. They come to us when we are not able to go to them. Causeless reproach does not hurt, and should not move us. The psalmist could go on in the way of his duty, and find comfort in it. He valued the good will of saints, and was desirous to keep up his communion with them. Soundness of heart signifies sincerity in dependence on God, and devotedness to him.

Verses 81-88 The psalmist sought deliverance from his sins, his foes, and his fears. Hope deferred made him faint; his eyes failed by looking out for this expected salvation. But when the eyes fail, yet faith must not. His affliction was great. He was become like a leathern bottle, which, if hung up in the smoke, is dried and shrivelled up. We must ever be mindful of God's statutes. The days of the believer's mourning shall be ended; they are but for a moment, compared with eternal happiness. His enemies used craft as well as power for his ruin, in contempt of the law of God. The commandments of God are true and faithful guides in the path of peace and safety. We may best expect help from God when, like our Master, we do well and suffer for it. Wicked men may almost consume the believer upon earth, but he would sooner forsake all than forsake the word of the Lord. We should depend upon the grace of God for strength to do every good work. The surest token of God's good-will toward us, is his good work in us.

Verses 89-96 The settling of God's word in heaven, is opposed to the changes and revolutions of the earth. And the engagements of God's covenant are established more firmly than the earth itself. All the creatures answer the ends of their creation: shall man, who alone is endued with reason, be the only unprofitable burden of the earth? We may make the Bible a pleasant companion at any time. But the word, without the grace of God, would not quicken us. See the best help for bad memories, namely, good affections; and though the exact words be lost, if the meaning remain, that is well. I am thine, not my own, not the world's; save me from sin, save me from ruin. The Lord will keep the man in peace, whose mind is stayed on him. It is poor perfection which one sees and end of. Such are all things in this world, which pass for perfections. The glory of man is but as the flower of the grass. The psalmist had seen the fulness of the word of God, and its sufficiency. The word of the Lord reaches to all cases, to all times. It will take us from all confidence in man, or in our own wisdom, strength, and righteousness. Thus shall we seek comfort and happiness from Christ alone.

Verses 97-104 What we love, we love to think of. All true wisdom is from God. A good man carries his Bible with him, if not in his hands, yet in his head and in his heart. By meditation on God's testimonies we understand more than our teachers, when we understand our own hearts. The written word is a more sure guide to heaven, than all the fathers, the teachers, and ancients of the church. We cannot, with any comfort or boldness, attend God in holy duties, while under guilt, or in any by-way. It was Divine grace in his heart, that enabled the psalmist to receive these instructions. The soul has its tastes as well as the body. Our relish for the word of God will be greatest, when that for the world and the flesh is least. The way of sin is a wrong way; and the more understanding we get by the precepts of God, the more rooted will be our hatred of sin; and the more ready we are in the Scriptures, the better furnished we are with answers to temptation.

Verses 105-112 The word of God directs us in our work and way, and a dark place indeed the world would be without it. The commandment is a lamp kept burning with the oil of the Spirit, as a light to direct us in the choice of our way, and the steps we take in that way. The keeping of God's commands here meant, was that of a sinner under a dispensation of mercy, of a believer having part in the covenant of grace. The psalmist is often afflicted; but with longing desires to become more holy, offers up daily prayers for quickening grace. We cannot offer any thing to God, that he will accept but what he is pleased to teach us to do. To have our soul or life continually in our hands, implies constant danger of life; yet he did not forget God's promises nor his precepts. Numberless are the snares laid by the wicked; and happy is that servant of God, whom they have not caused to err from his Master's precepts. Heavenly treasures are a heritage for ever; all the saints accept them as such, therefore they can be content with little of this world. We must look for comfort only in the way of duty, and that duty must be done. A good man, by the grace of God, brings his heart to his work, then it is done well.

Verses 113-120 Here is a dread of the risings of sin, and the first beginnings of it. The more we love the law of God, the more watchful we shall be, lest vain thoughts draw us from what we love. Would we make progress in keeping God's commands, we must be separate from evil-doers. The believer could not live without the grace of God; but, supported by his hand, his spiritual life shall be maintained. Our holy security is grounded on Divine supports. All departure from God's statutes is error, and will prove fatal. Their cunning is falsehood. There is a day coming which will put the wicked into everlasting fire, the fit place for the dross. See what comes of sin Surely we who fall so low in devout affections, should fear, lest a promise being left us of entering into heavenly rest, any of us should be found to come short of it, ( Hebrews 4:1 ) .

Verses 121-128 Happy is the man, who, acting upon gospel principles, does justice to all around. Christ our Surety, having paid our debt and ransom, secures all the blessings of salvation to every true believer. The psalmist expects the word of God's righteousness, and no other salvation than what is secured by that word, which cannot fall to the ground. We deserve no favour form God; we are most easy when we cast ourselves upon God's mercy, and refer ourselves to it. If any man resolve to do God's will as his servant, he shall be made to know his testimonies. We must do what we can for the support of religion, and, after all, must beg of God to take the work into his own hands. It is hypocrisy to say we love God's commandments more than our worldly interests. The way of sin is a false way, being directly contrary to God's precepts, which are right: those that love and esteem God's law, hate sin, and will not be reconciled to it.

Verses 129-136 The wonders of redeeming love will fix the heart in adoration of them. The Scriptures show us what we were, what we are, and what we shall be. They show us the mercy and the justice of the Lord, the joys of heaven, and the pains of hell. Thus they give to the simple, in a few days, understanding of those matters, which philosophers for ages sought in vain. The believer, wearied with the cares of life and his conflicts with sin, pants for the consolations conveyed to him by means of the sacred word. And every one may pray, Look thou upon me, and be merciful unto me as thou usest to do unto those that love thy name. We must beg that the Holy Spirit would order our steps. The dominion of sin is to be dreaded and prayed against by every one. The oppression of men is often more than flesh and blood can bear; and He who knoweth our frame, will not refuse to remove it in answer to the prayers of his people. Whatever obscurity may appear as to the faith of the Old Testament believers, their confidence at the throne of grace can only be explained by their having obtained more distinct views of gospel privileges, through the sacrifices and services of their law, than is generally imagined. Go to the same place, plead the name and merits of Jesus, and you will not, you cannot plead in vain. Commonly, where there is a gracious heart, there is a weeping eye. Accept, O Lord, the tears our blessed Redeemer shed in the days of his flesh, for us who should weep for our brethren or ourselves.

Verses 137-144 God never did, and never can do wrong to any. The promises are faithfully performed by Him that made them. Zeal against sin should constrain us to do what we can against it, at least to do more in religion ourselves. Our love to the word of God is evidence of our love to God, because it is designed to make us partake his holiness. Men's real excellency always makes them low in their own eyes. When we are small and despised, we have the more need to remember God's precepts, that we may have them to support us. The law of God is the truth, the standard of holiness, the rule of happiness; but the obedience of Christ alone justifies the believer. Sorrows are often the lot of saints in this vale of tears; they are in heaviness through manifold temptations. There are delights in the word of God, which the saints often most sweetly enjoy when in trouble and anguish. This is life eternal, to know God and Jesus Christ whom he has sent, ( John 17:3 ) . May we live the life of faith and grace here, and be removed to the life of glory hereafter.

Verses 145-152 Supplications with the whole heart are presented only by those who desire God's salvation, and who love his commandments. Whither should the child go but to his father? Save me from my sins, my corruptions, my temptations, all the hinderances in my way, that I may keep thy testimonies. Christians who enjoy health, should not suffer the early hours of the morning to glide away unimproved. Hope in God's word encourages us to continue in prayer. It is better to take time from sleep, than not to find time for prayer. We have access to God at all hours; and if our first thoughts in the morning are of God, they will help to keep us in his fear all the day long. Make me lively and cheerful. God knows what we need and what is good for us, and will quicken us. If we are employed in God's service, we need not fear those who try to set themselves as far as they can out of the reach of the convictions and commands of his law. When trouble is near, God is near. He is never far to seek. All his commandments are truth. And God's promises will be performed. All that ever trusted in God have found him faithful.

Verses 153-160 The closer we cleave to the word of God, both as our rule and as our stay, the more assurance we have of deliverance. Christ is the Advocate of his people, their Redeemer. Those who were quickened by his Spirit and grace, when they were dead in trespasses and sins, often need to have the work of grace revived in them, according to the word of promise. The wicked not only do not God's statutes, but they do not even seek them. They flatter themselves that they are going to heaven; but the longer they persist in sin, the further it is from them. God's mercies are tender; they are a fountain that can never be exhausted. The psalmist begs for God's reviving, quickening grace. A man, steady in the way of his duty, though he may have many enemies, needs to fear none. Those that hate sin truly, hate it as sin, as a transgression of the law of God, and a breaking of his word. Our obedience is only pleasing to God, and pleasant to ourselves, when it comes from a principle of love. All, in every age, who receive God's word in faith and love, find every saying in it faithful.

Verses 161-168 Those whose hearts stand in awe of God's word, will rather endure the wrath of man, than break the law of God. By the word of God we are unspeakable gainers. Every man hates to have a lie told him, but we should more hate telling a lie; by the latter we give an affront to God. The more we see the beauty of truth, the more we shall see the hateful deformity of a lie. We are to praise God even for afflictions; through grace we get good from them. Those that love the world have great vexation, for it does not answer what they expect; those that love God's word have great peace, for it outdoes what they expect. Those in whom this holy love reigns, will not perplex themselves with needless scruples, or take offence at their brethren. A good hope of salvation will engage the heart in doing the commandments. And our love to the word of God must subdue our lusts, and root out carnal affections: we must make heart work of it, or we make nothing of it. We must keep the commandments of God by obedience to them, and his promises by reliance on them. God's eye is on us at all times; this should make us very careful to keep his commandments.

Verses 169-176 The psalmist desired grace and strength to lift up his prayers, and that the Lord would receive and notice them. He desired to know more of God in Christ; to know more of the doctrines of the word, and the duties of religion. He had a deep sense of unworthiness, and holy fear that his prayer should not come before God; Lord, what I pray for is, what thou hast promised. We have learned nothing to purpose, if we have not learned to praise God. We should always make the word of God the rule of our discourse, so as never to transgress it by sinful speaking, or sinful silence. His own hands are not sufficient, nor can any creature lend him help; therefore he looks up to God, that the hand that had made him may help him. He had made religion his deliberate choice. There is an eternal salvation all the saints long for, and therefore they pray that God would help their way to it. Let thy judgments help me; let all ordinances and all providences, (both are God's judgments,) further me in glorifying God; let them help me for that work. He often looks back with shame and gratitude to his lost estate. He still prays for the tender care of Him who purchased his flock with his own blood, that he may receive from him the gift of eternal life. Seek me, that is, Find me; for God never seeks in vain. Turn me, and I shall be turned. Let this psalm be a touchstone by which to try our hearts, and our lives. Do our hearts, cleansed in Christ's blood, make these prayers, resolutions and confessions our own? Is God's word the standard of our faith, and the law of our practice? Do we use it as pleas with Christ for what we need? Happy those who live in such delightful exercises.

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Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO PSALM 119

This psalm is generally thought to be written by David, but when is uncertain; very probably towards the decline of life; and, as some think, for the sake or his son Solomon. It seems to be a collection of observations on the word of God and its precepts, the usefulness and excellency of it, he had made in the course of his life; interspersed with various petitions for the grace of God, to enable him to observe it. The psalm is a very extraordinary one; partly on account of the unusual length of it, it being more than double the length of the longest psalm in the whole book; and partly on account of its curious composition. It consists of twenty two parts, according to the number of the letters in the Hebrew alphabet; the names of which letters stand between each part; and every part consists of eight verses, all of which begin with the same letter: thus, for instance, the first eight verses begin with the letter a, "aleph", and the second eight verses begin with the letter b, "beth", and so on throughout; hence the Masorah calls this psalm the Great Alphabet. This the psalmist did, perhaps to excite attention to what he said, and also to help the memory. And it is observable that there are very few verses in the whole, not more than one or two, but what has something in it concerning the word of God, and its precepts and ordinances; there are nine or ten different words used relative to it, which signify much one and the same thing; as laws, statutes, judgments, testimonies Luther {m} observes, that neither Cicero, nor Virgil, nor Demosthenes, are to be compared with David for eloquence, as we see in the hundred nineteenth Psalm, where he divideth one sense and meaning into twenty two sorts. And it may also be remarked, that there is nothing in it concerning the tabernacle worship, or the rites and ceremonies of the legal dispensation; so that it seems to be calculated for, and is suited to, the word of God, and the ordinances of it, as we now have them in their full perfection: and the design of the whole is to show the fervent affection the psalmist had for the word of God, and to stir up the same in others.

{m} Mensal. Colloqu. c. 32. p. 365.

a, \\ALEPH.--The First Part\\.

Psalms 119 Commentaries