Psalms 94

A Prayer for Retribution against Oppressors

1 O Yahweh, God of vengeance, God of vengeance, shine forth.
2 Rise up, O Judge of the earth. Repay upon the proud what is [their] rightful due.
3 How long [will the] wicked, O Yahweh, how long will [the] wicked exult?
4 {They gush words} unrestrained. All [the] evildoers boast.
5 They crush your people, O Yahweh; they oppress your inheritance.
6 They kill widow and stranger, and they murder orphans,
7 while they say, "Yah does not see," and "The God of Jacob does not pay attention."
8 You pay attention, O brutes among the people. And [you] fools, when you will show insight?
9 Will [the] one who planted [the] ear not hear? Will [the] one who formed [the] eye not see?
10 Will [the] one who instructs nations not rebuke, the one who teaches humankind knowledge?
11 Yahweh knows [the] thoughts of humankind, that {they [are] to no purpose}.
12 Blessed [is] the man, O Yah, whom you instruct and teach from your law,
13 to give him rest from days of trouble, until a pit is dug for the wicked.
14 For Yahweh will not abandon his people, nor forsake his inheritance.
15 For judgment will return to righteousness, and all the upright in heart [will follow] after it.
16 Who rose up for me against [the] wicked? Who stood up for me against [the] workers of iniquity?
17 If Yahweh had not been my help, my soul would soon have dwelt in silence.
18 When I thought, "My foot is slipping," your loyal love, O Yahweh, supported me.
19 When my troubled thoughts were many {within me}, your consolations cheered my soul.
20 Can there be allied with you a throne of destruction, one that forms trouble based on statute?
21 They band together against [the] life of [the] righteous, and declare [the] blameless guilty of blood.
22 But Yahweh has become my [high] stronghold, and my God [has become] my rock of refuge.
23 And he will repay on them their iniquity, and by their evil he will destroy them. Yahweh our God will destroy them.

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Psalms 94 Commentary

Chapter 94

The danger and folly of persecutors. (1-11) Comfort and peace to the persecuted. (12-23)

Verses 1-11 We may with boldness appeal to God; for he is the almighty Judge by whom every man is judged. Let this encourage those who suffer wrong, to bear it with silence, committing themselves to Him who judges righteously. These prayers are prophecies, which speak terror to the sons of violence. There will come a day of reckoning for all the hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against God, his truths, and ways, and people. It would hardly be believed, if we did not witness it, that millions of rational creatures should live, move, speak, hear, understand, and do what they purpose, yet act as if they believed that God would not punish the abuse of his gifts. As all knowledge is from God, no doubt he knows all the thoughts of the children of men, and knows that the imaginations of the thoughts of men's hearts are only evil, and that continually. Even in good thoughts there is a want of being fixed, which may be called vanity. It concerns us to keep a strict watch over our thoughts, because God takes particular notice of them. Thoughts are words to God.

Verses 12-23 That man is blessed, who, under the chastening of the Lord, is taught his will and his truths, from his holy word, and by the Holy Spirit. He should see mercy through his sufferings. There is a rest remaining for the people of God after the days of their adversity, which shall not last always. He that sends the trouble, will send the rest. The psalmist found succour and relief only in the Lord, when all earthly friends failed. We are beholden, not only to God's power, but to his pity, for spiritual supports; and if we have been kept from falling into sin, or shrinking from our duty, we should give him the glory, and encourage our brethren. The psalmist had many troubled thoughts concerning the case he was in, concerning the course he should take, and what was likely to be the end of it. The indulgence of such contrivances and fears, adds to care and distrust, and renders our views more gloomy and confused. Good men sometimes have perplexed and distressed thoughts concerning God. But let them look to the great and precious promises of the gospel. The world's comforts give little delight to the soul, when hurried with melancholy thoughts; but God's comforts bring that peace and pleasure which the smiles of the world cannot give, and which the frowns of the world cannot take away. God is his people's Refuge, to whom they may flee, in whom they are safe, and may be secure. And he will reckon with the wicked. A man cannot be more miserable than his own wickedness will make him, if the Lord visit it upon him.

Footnotes 9

  • [a]. Literally "They gush, they speak," which is probably a hendiadys
  • [b]. Hebrew "and"
  • [c]. A shortened form of "Yahweh"
  • [d]. Literally "they [are] a breath" or "a vanity"
  • [e]. That is, the court system will operate correctly
  • [f]. Hebrew "If/When I said," that is, said to myself
  • [g]. Literally "in my inward parts"
  • [h]. Or "condemn innocent blood"
  • [i]. Or "in"

Chapter Summary


Some, as Jarchi and others, think this psalm was written by Moses; others, with greater probability, assign it to David; as do the Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, and all the Oriental versions; and which all but the Syriac version say it was composed to be sung on the fourth day of the week, on which day the Talmudists say it was sung; see the argument of the preceding psalm. This psalm and others, that go before and follow, are without any title in the Hebrew Bible: the title of it in the Syriac version is,

``a Psalm of David, concerning the company of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram; but spiritually, concerning the persecution against the church;''

not of the oppression of the Israelites in Egypt, as some; nor of the Jews in their present exile, as Kimchi; but rather of the people of God under the tyranny of antichrist; who are represented as complaining of his insults and cruelty, and as comforting themselves in the hopes of deliverance, and in the view of his destruction.

Psalms 94 Commentaries

Scripture quotations marked (LEB) are from the Lexham English Bible. Copyright 2012 Logos Bible Software. Lexham is a registered trademark of Logos Bible Software.