Leviticus 24

Olive Oil and Bread Set Before the LORD

1 The LORD said to Moses,
2 “Command the Israelites to bring you clear oil of pressed olives for the light so that the lamps may be kept burning continually.
3 Outside the curtain that shields the ark of the covenant law in the tent of meeting, Aaron is to tend the lamps before the LORD from evening till morning, continually. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come.
4 The lamps on the pure gold lampstand before the LORD must be tended continually.
5 “Take the finest flour and bake twelve loaves of bread, using two-tenths of an ephah[a] for each loaf.
6 Arrange them in two stacks, six in each stack, on the table of pure gold before the LORD.
7 By each stack put some pure incense as a memorial[b] portion to represent the bread and to be a food offering presented to the LORD.
8 This bread is to be set out before the LORD regularly, Sabbath after Sabbath, on behalf of the Israelites, as a lasting covenant.
9 It belongs to Aaron and his sons, who are to eat it in the sanctuary area, because it is a most holy part of their perpetual share of the food offerings presented to the LORD.”

A Blasphemer Put to Death

10 Now the son of an Israelite mother and an Egyptian father went out among the Israelites, and a fight broke out in the camp between him and an Israelite.
11 The son of the Israelite woman blasphemed the Name with a curse; so they brought him to Moses. (His mother’s name was Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri the Danite.)
12 They put him in custody until the will of the LORD should be made clear to them.
13 Then the LORD said to Moses:
14 “Take the blasphemer outside the camp. All those who heard him are to lay their hands on his head, and the entire assembly is to stone him.
15 Say to the Israelites: ‘Anyone who curses their God will be held responsible;
16 anyone who blasphemes the name of the LORD is to be put to death. The entire assembly must stone them. Whether foreigner or native-born, when they blaspheme the Name they are to be put to death.
17 “ ‘Anyone who takes the life of a human being is to be put to death.
18 Anyone who takes the life of someone’s animal must make restitution—life for life.
19 Anyone who injures their neighbor is to be injured in the same manner:
20 fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth. The one who has inflicted the injury must suffer the same injury.
21 Whoever kills an animal must make restitution, but whoever kills a human being is to be put to death.
22 You are to have the same law for the foreigner and the native-born. I am the LORD your God.’ ”
23 Then Moses spoke to the Israelites, and they took the blasphemer outside the camp and stoned him. The Israelites did as the LORD commanded Moses.

Leviticus 24 Commentary

Chapter 24

Oil for the lamps, The shew-bread. (1-9) The law of blasphemy, blasphemer is stoned. (10-23)

Verses 1-9 The loaves of bread typify Christ as the Bread of life, and the food of the souls of his people. He is the Light of his church, the Light of the world; in and through his word this light shines. By this light we discern the food prepared for our souls; and we should daily, but especially from sabbath to sabbath, feed thereon in our hearts with thanksgiving. And as the loaves were left in the sanctuary, so should we abide with God till he dismiss us.

Verses 10-23 This offender was the son of an Egyptian father, and an Israelitish mother. The notice of his parents shows the common ill effect of mixed marriages. A standing law for the stoning of blasphemers was made upon this occasion. Great stress is laid upon this law. It extends to the strangers among them, as well as to those born in the land. Strangers, as well as native Israelites, should be entitled to the benefit of the law, so as not to suffer wrong; and should be liable to the penalty of this law, in case they did wrong. If those who profane the name of God escape punishment from men, yet the Lord our God will not suffer them to escape his righteous judgments. What enmity against God must be in the heart of man, when blasphemies against God proceed out of his mouth. If he that despised Moses' law, died without mercy, of what punishment will they be worthy, who despise and abuse the gospel of the Son of God! Let us watch against anger, do no evil, avoid all connexions with wicked people, and reverence that holy name which sinners blaspheme.

Cross References 30

  • 1. S Exodus 12:14
  • 2. S Exodus 25:31; Exodus 31:8
  • 3. S Exodus 25:30; Hebrews 9:2
  • 4. S Leviticus 23:13
  • 5. Exodus 25:23-30; Numbers 4:7; 1 Kings 7:48
  • 6. S Leviticus 2:1
  • 7. S Leviticus 2:2
  • 8. Exodus 25:30; Numbers 4:7; 1 Chronicles 9:32; 2 Chronicles 2:4
  • 9. Matthew 12:5
  • 10. Leviticus 8:31; Matthew 12:4; Mark 2:26; Luke 6:4
  • 11. S Leviticus 6:16
  • 12. S Leviticus 6:17
  • 13. S Exodus 3:15
  • 14. S Exodus 20:7; S 2 Kings 6:33; S Job 1:11
  • 15. S Exodus 18:22
  • 16. Exodus 31:2; Numbers 1:4; Numbers 7:2; Numbers 10:15; Numbers 13:2; 1Numbers 7:2; Joshua 7:18; 1 Kings 7:14
  • 17. S Exodus 18:16; Numbers 15:34
  • 18. ver 23; S Leviticus 20:2; Leviticus 20:27; Deuteronomy 13:9; Deuteronomy 17:5,7; Deuteronomy 21:21; Acts 7:58
  • 19. S Exodus 22:28
  • 20. S Leviticus 5:1
  • 21. S Exodus 22:28
  • 22. S Exodus 21:12; 1 Kings 21:10,13; Matthew 26:66; Mark 14:64; John 10:33; John 19:7; Acts 7:58
  • 23. ver 21; Genesis 9:6; S Exodus 21:12; Numbers 35:30-31; Deuteronomy 27:24
  • 24. ver 21
  • 25. S Exodus 21:24; Matthew 5:38*
  • 26. S ver 18
  • 27. S ver 17
  • 28. S Exodus 12:49; S Exodus 22:21; Ezekiel 47:22
  • 29. Numbers 9:14; Numbers 15:16
  • 30. S ver 14

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. That is, probably about 7 pounds or about 3.2 kilograms
  • [b]. Or "representative"

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO LEVITICUS 24

This chapter treats of the oil for the lamps, and the ordering of them, Le 24:1-4; of the making of the shewbread cakes, and the setting of them on the table, Le 24:5-9; and an Israelite having blasphemed the name of the Lord, and inquiry being made what should be done to him, he, and so any other person guilty of the same, is ordered to be stoned to death, Le 24:10-16; on occasion of which several laws are repeated concerning killing a man or a beast, or doing injury to any man, Le 24:17-23.

Leviticus 24 Commentaries