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Leviticus 26:40

40 “ ‘But if they will confess their sins and the sins of their ancestors—their unfaithfulness and their hostility toward me,

Leviticus 26:40 in Other Translations

KJV
40 If they shall confess their iniquity, and the iniquity of their fathers, with their trespass which they trespassed against me, and that also they have walked contrary unto me;
ESV
40 "But if they confess their iniquity and the iniquity of their fathers in their treachery that they committed against me, and also in walking contrary to me,
NLT
40 “But at last my people will confess their sins and the sins of their ancestors for betraying me and being hostile toward me.
MSG
40 "On the other hand, if they confess their sins and the sins of their ancestors, their treacherous betrayal, the defiance
CSB
40 "But if they will confess their sin and the sin of their fathers-their unfaithfulness that they practiced against Me, and how they acted with hostility toward Me,

Leviticus 26:40 Meaning and Commentary

Leviticus 26:40

If they shall confess their iniquity, and the iniquity of
their fathers
The Targum of Jonathan adds,

``in the time of their distress;''

which might serve to bring their sins to remembrance, and them to a confession of them, not only of their own sins, but of their fathers' also; acknowledging thereby that they had been guilty of sinning against God for a long course of years past; and that God had been long suffering towards them, and bore much with them before he brought his judgments on them, which were just, and what they righteously deserved; and such a confession Daniel made, ( Daniel 9:4-8 ) ; and the words may as well be rendered absolute as conditional, or better, and as a prediction of what would be done by them when in captivity and distress, "and they shall confess their iniquity" F3; with shame and sorrow, with repentance for it, and abhorrence of it; or otherwise, if the confession was only verbal and hypocritical, it would not be acceptable:

with their trespass which they trespassed against me;
along with their own iniquities, and those of their fathers, they should confess, their trespass against the Lord would be acknowledged by them; which seems to design some particular and grievous sin committed by them, by which perhaps is meant their idolatry, a capital sin, directly against God, and what those people were prone unto:

and that also they have walked contrary unto me;
to his mind and will, to his laws, commands, statutes, and ordinances, disregarding him and them, as if enemies to him; or "by chance"; (See Gill on Leviticus 26:21).


FOOTNOTES:

F3 (wdwthw) "et confitebuntur", Pagninus, Montanus.

Leviticus 26:40 In-Context

38 You will perish among the nations; the land of your enemies will devour you.
39 Those of you who are left will waste away in the lands of their enemies because of their sins; also because of their ancestors’ sins they will waste away.
40 “ ‘But if they will confess their sins and the sins of their ancestors—their unfaithfulness and their hostility toward me,
41 which made me hostile toward them so that I sent them into the land of their enemies—then when their uncircumcised hearts are humbled and they pay for their sin,
42 I will remember my covenant with Jacob and my covenant with Isaac and my covenant with Abraham, and I will remember the land.

Cross References 3

  • 1. S Leviticus 5:5
  • 2. Psalms 32:5; Psalms 38:18
  • 3. Nehemiah 9:2; Psalms 106:6; Jeremiah 3:12-15; Jeremiah 14:20; Hosea 5:15; Luke 15:18; 1 John 1:9
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