Matthew 1:3

3 Judah the father of Perez and Zerah, whose mother was Tamar, Perez the father of Hezron, Hezron the father of Ram,

Read Matthew 1:3 Using Other Translations

And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram;
and Judah the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, and Perez the father of Hezron, and Hezron the father of Ram,
Judah was the father of Perez and Zerah (whose mother was Tamar). Perez was the father of Hezron. Hezron was the father of Ram.

What does Matthew 1:3 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
Matthew 1:3

And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar
The genealogical account of Christ goes on from Judah in the line of Phares, with whom Zara is mentioned; not because they were twins, for so were Jacob and Esau, and yet the latter is taken no notice of; but it may be because of what happened at their birth, see ( Genesis 38:28 Genesis 38:29 Genesis 38:30 ) . But the line of the Messiah was in Phares, and very rightly is he put in the genealogy of Christ, the Jews themselves being witnesses; who expressly say, that "the Messiah comes from him." These two are said to be begotten of Thamar, daughter-in-law to Judah; who, though she was a Canaanitish woman, has the honour to be named in the genealogy of Christ, who came to save Gentiles as well as Jews: nor can the Jews reproach our Evangelist for putting her into the account; since they themselves frequently acknowledge that the Messiah was to spring from her: they say, F18

``there are two women from whom come David the king, and Solomon, and the king Messiah; and these two are Thamar and Ruth.''

Jonathan Ben Uzziel on ( Genesis 38:6 ) says, that Thamar was the daughter of Shem the great.

And Phares begat Esrom;
called Hezron, ( Ruth 4:18 ) where the same phrase is used as here. He had another son called Hamul, ( 1 Chronicles 2:5 ) but the account proceeds from Phares, in the line of Esrom.

And Esrom begat Aram;
called Ram in ( Ruth 4:18 ) where the same way of speaking is used as here. Esrom also besides him begat Jerahmeel, Chelubai, or Caleb, and Segub, ( 1 Chronicles 2:9 1 Chronicles 2:21 ) but these are not in the line. Elihu, who conversed with Job, is said to be of the kindred of Ram, ( Job 32:2 ) whether the same with Ram or Aram, may be inquired.


FOOTNOTES:

F18 Shemot Rabba, sect. 30. fol. 131. 4. Caphtor, fol. 122. 1.
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