Deuteronomy 2

Wanderings in the Wilderness

1 "1Then we turned and set out for the wilderness by the way to the [a]Red * Sea, as the LORD spoke to me, and circled 2Mount Seir for many days.
2 "And the LORD spoke to me, saying,
3 'You have circled this mountain long enough. Now turn north,
4 3and command the people, saying, "You will pass through the 4territory of your brothers the sons of Esau who live in Seir; and 5they will be afraid of you. So be very careful;
5 do not [b]provoke them, for I will not give you any of their land, even as little as a [c]footstep * * 6because I have given Mount Seir to Esau as a possession.
6 "You shall buy food from them with money so that you may eat, and you shall also purchase water from them with money so that you may drink.
7 "For the LORD your God has blessed you in all [d]that you have done; He has known your [e]wanderings through this 7great wilderness. These 8forty years the LORD your God has been with you; you have not lacked a thing."'
8 "So we passed beyond * our brothers the sons of Esau, who live in Seir, away from the 9Arabah road, away from Elath and 10from Ezion-geber. And we turned and passed through by the way of the wilderness of Moab.
9 "Then the LORD said to me, 'Do not harass Moab, nor provoke them to war, for I will not give you any of [f]their land as a possession, because I have given 11Ar to 12the sons of Lot as a possession.
10 (The 13Emim lived there formerly, a people as great, numerous, and tall as the Anakim.
11 Like the Anakim, they are also regarded as 14Rephaim, but the Moabites call them Emim.
12 15The Horites formerly lived in Seir, but the sons of Esau dispossessed them and destroyed them from before them and settled in their place, 16just as Israel did to the land of [g]their possession which the LORD gave to them.)
13 'Now arise and cross over the brook Zered yourselves.' So we crossed over the brook Zered.
14 "Now the time that it took for us to come from Kadesh-barnea until * we crossed over the brook Zered was 17thirty-eight * years, until 18all the generation of the men of war perished from within the camp, as 19the LORD had sworn to them.
15 "20Moreover the hand of the LORD was against them, to destroy them from within the camp until they all perished.
16 "So it came about when 21all the men of war had finally perished * from among the people,
17 that the LORD spoke to me, saying,
18 'Today you shall cross over 22Ar, the border of Moab.
19 'When you come opposite the 23sons of Ammon, do not harass them nor provoke them, for I will not give you any of the land of the sons of Ammon as a possession, because I have given it to 24the sons of Lot as a possession.'
20 (It is also regarded as the land of the 25Rephaim, for Rephaim formerly lived in it, but the Ammonites call them Zamzummin,
21 a people as great, numerous, and tall as the Anakim, but the LORD destroyed them before them. And they dispossessed them and settled in their place,
22 just as He did for the sons of Esau, who 26live in Seir, when He destroyed 27the Horites from before them; they dispossessed them and settled in their place even to this day.
23 And the 28Avvim, who lived in villages as far as Gaza, the 29Caphtorim who came from 30Caphtor, destroyed them and lived in their place.)
24 'Arise, set out, and pass through the 31valley of Arnon. Look! I have given Sihon the Amorite, king of Heshbon, and his land into your hand; begin to take possession and contend with him in battle.
25 'This day I will begin to put 32the dread and fear of you upon the peoples everywhere under the heavens, who, when they hear the report of you, 33will tremble and be in anguish because * of you.'
26 "34So I sent messengers from the wilderness of Kedemoth to Sihon king of Heshbon with words of peace, saying,
27 'Let me pass through your land, I will travel only on the highway; I will not turn aside to the right or to the left.
28 'You will sell me food for money so that I may eat, and give me water for money so that I may drink, 35only let me pass through on foot,
29 just as the sons of Esau who live in Seir and the Moabites who live in 36Ar did for me, until * I cross over the Jordan into the land which the LORD our God is giving to us.'
30 "But 37Sihon king of Heshbon was not willing for us to pass through his land; for the 38LORD your God hardened his spirit and made his heart obstinate, in order to deliver him into your hand, as he is today.
31 "The LORD said to me, 'See, I have begun to deliver Sihon and his land over to you. Begin to occupy, that you may possess his land.'
32 "Then Sihon with all his people came out to meet us in battle at Jahaz.
33 "39The LORD our God delivered him over to us, and we 40defeated him with his sons and all his people.
34 "So we captured all his cities at that time and 41utterly destroyed the men, women and children of every city. We left no survivor.
35 "We took 42only the animals as our booty and the spoil of the cities which we had captured.
36 "From 43Aroer which is on the edge of the valley of Arnon and from the city which is in the valley, even to Gilead, there was no city that was too high for us; the LORD our God delivered all over to us.
37 "44Only you did not go near to the land of the sons of Ammon, all along the river 45Jabbok and the cities of the hill country, and wherever * the LORD our God had commanded us.

Cross References 45

  • 1. Numbers 21:4
  • 2. Deuteronomy 1:2
  • 3. Numbers 20:14-21
  • 4. Genesis 36:8
  • 5. Exodus 15:15, 16
  • 6. Genesis 36:8; Joshua 24:4
  • 7. Deuteronomy 1:19
  • 8. Numbers 14:33, 34; Numbers 32:13; Deuteronomy 2:14
  • 9. Deuteronomy 1:1
  • 10. Numbers 33:35; 1 Kings 9:26
  • 11. Numbers 21:15, 28; Deuteronomy 2:18, 29
  • 12. Genesis 19:36, 37
  • 13. Genesis 14:5
  • 14. Genesis 14:5; Deuteronomy 2:20
  • 15. Genesis 36:20; Deuteronomy 2:22
  • 16. Numbers 21:25, 35
  • 17. Deuteronomy 2:7
  • 18. Numbers 14:29-35; Numbers 26:64, 65; Psalms 106:26; 1 Corinthians 10:5
  • 19. Deuteronomy 1:34, 35
  • 20. Jude 5
  • 21. Deuteronomy 2:14
  • 22. Deuteronomy 2:9
  • 23. Genesis 19:38
  • 24. Deuteronomy 2:9
  • 25. Deuteronomy 2:11
  • 26. Genesis 36:8; Deuteronomy 2:5
  • 27. Deuteronomy 2:12
  • 28. Joshua 13:3
  • 29. Genesis 10:14; 1 Chronicles 1:12
  • 30. Jeremiah 47:4; Amos 9:7
  • 31. Numbers 21:13, 14; Judges 11:18
  • 32. Exodus 23:27; Deuteronomy 11:25; Joshua 2:9
  • 33. Exodus 15:14-16
  • 34. Numbers 21:21-32; Deuteronomy 1:4; Judges 11:19-21
  • 35. Numbers 20:19
  • 36. Deuteronomy 2:9
  • 37. Numbers 21:23
  • 38. Exodus 4:21; Joshua 11:20
  • 39. Exodus 23:31; Deuteronomy 7:2
  • 40. Deuteronomy 29:7
  • 41. Deuteronomy 3:6; Deuteronomy 7:2
  • 42. Deuteronomy 3:7
  • 43. Deuteronomy 3:12; Deuteronomy 4:48; Joshua 12:2; Joshua 13:9
  • 44. Deuteronomy 2:19
  • 45. Genesis 32:22; Numbers 21:24; Deuteronomy 3:16

Footnotes 30

Deuteronomy 2 Commentaries

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