Mark 14

Death Plot and Anointing

1 1Now 2the Passover and Unleavened Bread were two days away; and the chief priests and the scribes 3were seeking how to seize Him by stealth and kill Him;
2 for they were saying, "Not during the festival, otherwise there might be a riot of the people."
3 4While He was in 5Bethany at the home of Simon the leper, and reclining at the table, there came a woman with an alabaster vial of very 6costly perfume of pure nard; and she broke the vial and poured it over His head.
4 But some were indignantly remarking to one another, "Why * has this perfume been wasted?
5 "For this perfume might have been sold for over three hundred denarii, and the money given to the poor." And they were scolding her.
6 But Jesus said, "Let her alone; why do you bother * her? She has done a good deed to Me.
7 "For you always have 7the poor with you, and whenever you wish you can do good to them; but you do not always have Me.
8 "She has done what she could; 8she has anointed My body beforehand for the burial.
9 "Truly I say to you, 9wherever * the gospel is preached in the whole world, what this woman has done will also be spoken of in memory of her."
10 10Then Judas Iscariot, 11who was one of the twelve, went off to the chief priests in order to betray Him to them.
11 They were glad when they heard this, and promised to give him money. And he began seeking how to betray Him at an opportune time.

The Last Passover

12 12On the first day of 13Unleavened Bread, when the Passover lamb was being 14sacrificed, His disciples said to Him, "Where do You want us to go and prepare for You to eat the Passover?"
13 And He sent two of His disciples and said to them, "Go into the city, and a man will meet you carrying a pitcher of water; follow him;
14 and wherever * he enters, say to the owner of the house, 'The Teacher says, "Where is My 15guest room in which I may eat the Passover with My disciples?"'
15 "And he himself will show you a large upper room furnished and ready; prepare for us there."
16 The disciples went out and came to the city, and found it just as He had told them; and they prepared the Passover.
17 16When it was evening He came with the twelve.
18 As they were reclining at the table and eating, Jesus said, "Truly I say to you that one of you will betray Me-one who is eating with Me."
19 They began to be grieved and to say to Him one by one, "Surely not I?"
20 And He said to them, "It is one of the twelve, one who dips with Me in the bowl.
21 "For the Son of Man is to go just as it is written of Him; but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been good for that man if he had not been born."

The Lord's Supper

22 17While they were eating, He took some bread, and after a 18blessing He broke it, and gave it to them, and said, "Take it; this is My body."
23 And when He had taken a cup and given thanks, He gave it to them, and they all drank from it.
24 And He said to them, "This is My 19blood of the 20covenant, which is poured out for many.
25 "Truly I say to you, I will never * again drink of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God."
26 21After singing a hymn, they went out to 22the Mount of Olives.
27 23And Jesus said to them, "You will all fall away, because it is written, '24I WILL STRIKE DOWN THE SHEPHERD, AND THE SHEEP SHALL BE SCATTERED.'
28 "But after I have been raised, 25I will go ahead of you to Galilee."
29 But Peter said to Him, "Even though all may fall away, yet I will not."
30 And Jesus said to him, "Truly I say to you, that 26this very night, before 27a rooster crows twice, you yourself will deny Me three times."
31 But Peter kept saying insistently, "Even if I have to die with You, I will not deny You!" And they all were saying the same thing also.

Jesus in Gethsemane

32 28They came to a place named Gethsemane; and He said to His disciples, "Sit here until I have prayed."
33 And He took with Him Peter and James and John, and began to be very 29distressed and troubled.
34 And He said to them, "30My soul is deeply grieved to the point of death; remain here and keep watch."
35 And He went a little beyond them, and fell to the ground and began to pray that if it were possible, 31the hour might pass Him by.
36 And He was saying, "32Abba! Father! All things are possible for You; remove this cup from Me; 33yet not what I will, but what You will."
37 And He came and found them sleeping, and said to Peter, "Simon, are you asleep? Could you not keep watch for one hour?
38 "34Keep watching and praying that you may not come into temptation; the spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak."
39 Again He went away and prayed, saying the same words.
40 And again He came and found them sleeping, for their eyes were very heavy; and they did not know what to answer Him.
41 And He came the third time, and said to them, "Are you still sleeping and resting? It is enough; 35the hour has come; behold, the Son of Man is being betrayed into the hands of sinners.
42 "Get up, let us be going; behold, the one who betrays Me is at hand!"

Betrayal and Arrest

43 36Immediately while He was still speaking, Judas, one of the twelve, came up accompanied * by a crowd with swords and clubs, who were from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders.
44 Now he who was betraying Him had given them a signal, saying, "Whomever * I kiss, He is the one; seize Him and lead Him away under guard."
45 After coming, Judas immediately went to Him, saying, "37Rabbi!" and kissed Him.
46 They laid hands on Him and seized Him.
47 But one of those who stood by drew his sword, and struck the slave of the high priest and cut off his ear.
48 And Jesus said to them, "Have you come out with swords and clubs to arrest Me, as you would against a robber?
49 "Every day I was with you 38in the temple teaching, and you did not seize Me; but this has taken place to fulfill the Scriptures."
50 And they all left Him and fled.
51 A young man was following Him, wearing nothing but a linen sheet over his naked body; and they seized him.
52 But he pulled free of the linen sheet and escaped naked.

Jesus before His Accusers

53 39They led Jesus away to the high priest; and all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes gathered together.
54 Peter had followed Him at a distance, 40right into 41the courtyard of the high priest; and he was sitting with the officers and 42warming himself at the fire.
55 Now the chief priests and the whole 43Council kept trying to obtain testimony against Jesus to put Him to death, and they were not finding any.
56 For many were giving false testimony against Him, but their testimony was not consistent.
57 Some stood up and began to give false testimony against Him, saying,
58 "We heard Him say, '44I will destroy this temple made with hands, and in three days I will build another made without hands.' "
59 Not even in this respect was their testimony consistent.
60 The high priest stood up and came forward * and questioned Jesus, saying, "Do You not answer? What is it that these men are testifying against You?"
61 45But He kept silent and did not answer. 46Again the high priest was questioning Him, and saying to Him, "Are You the Christ, the Son of the Blessed One?"
63 49Tearing his clothes, the high priest said, "What further need do we have of witnesses?
64 "You have heard the 50blasphemy; how does it seem to you?" And they all condemned Him to be deserving of death.
65 Some began to 51spit at Him, and 52to blindfold Him, and to beat Him with their fists, and to say to Him, "53Prophesy!" And the officers received Him with slaps in the face.

Peter's Denials

66 54As Peter was below in 55the courtyard, one of the servant-girls of the high priest came,
67 and seeing Peter 56warming himself, she looked at him and said, "You also were with Jesus the 57Nazarene."
68 But he denied it, saying, "I neither know nor understand what you are talking about." And he 58went out onto the porch. and a rooster crowed.871
69 The servant-girl saw him, and began once more to say to the bystanders, "This is one of them!"
70 But again 59he denied it. And after a little while the bystanders were again saying to Peter, "Surely you are one of them, 60for you are a Galilean too."
71 But he began to curse and swear, "I do not know this man you are talking about!"
72 Immediately a rooster crowed a second time. And Peter remembered how Jesus had made the remark to him, "Before 61a rooster crows twice, you will deny Me three times." And he began to weep.

Images for Mark 14

Mark 14 Commentary

Chapter 14

Christ anointed at Bethany. (1-11) The passover, Jesus declares that Judas would betray him. (12-21) The Lord's supper instituted. (22-31) Christ's agony in the garden. (32-42) He is betrayed and taken. (43-52) Christ before the high priest. (53-65) Peter denies Christ. (66-72)

Verses 1-11 Did Christ pour out his soul unto death for us, and shall we think any thing too precious for him? Do we give him the precious ointment of our best affections? Let us love him with all the heart, though it is common for zeal and affection to be misunderstood and blamed; and remember that charity to the poor will not excuse any from particular acts of piety to the Lord Jesus. Christ commended this woman's pious attention to the notice of believers in all ages. Those who honour Christ he will honour. Covetousness was Judas' master lust, and that betrayed him to the sin of betraying his Master; the devil suited his temptation to that, and so conquered him. And see what wicked contrivances many have in their sinful pursuits; but what appears to forward their plans, will prove curses in the end.

Verses 12-21 Nothing could be less the result of human foresight than the events here related. But our Lord knows all things about us before they come to pass. If we admit him, he will dwell in our hearts. The Son of man goes, as it is written of him, as a lamb to the slaughter; but woe to that man by whom he is betrayed! God's permitting the sins of men, and bringing glory to himself out of them, does not oblige them to sin; nor will this be any excuse for their guilt, or lessen their punishment.

Verses 22-31 The Lord's supper is food for the soul, therefore a very little of that which is for the body, as much as will serve for a sign, is enough. It was instituted by the example and the practice of our Master, to remain in force till his second coming. It was instituted with blessing and giving of thanks, to be a memorial of Christ's death. Frequent mention is made of his precious blood, as the price of our redemption. How comfortable is this to poor repenting sinners, that the blood of Christ is shed for many! If for many, why not for me? It was a sign of the conveyance of the benefits purchased for us by his death. Apply the doctrine of Christ crucified to yourselves; let it be meat and drink to your souls, strengthening and refreshing your spiritual life. It was to be an earnest and foretaste of the happiness of heaven, and thereby to put us out of taste for the pleasures and delights of sense. Every one that has tasted spiritual delights, straightway desires eternal ones. Though the great Shepherd passed through his sufferings without one false step, yet his followers often have been scattered by the small measure of sufferings allotted to them. How very apt we are to think well of ourselves, and to trust our own hearts! It was ill done of Peter thus to answer his Master, and not with fear and trembling. Lord, give me grace to keep me from denying thee.

Verses 32-42 Christ's sufferings began with the sorest of all, those in his soul. He began to be sorely amazed; words not used in St. Matthew, but very full of meaning. The terrors of God set themselves in array against him, and he allowed him to contemplate them. Never was sorrow like unto his at this time. Now he was made a curse for us; the curses of the law were laid upon him as our Surety. He now tasted death, in all the bitterness of it. This was that fear of which the apostle speaks, the natural fear of pain and death, at which human nature startles. Can we ever entertain favourable, or even slight thoughts of sin, when we see the painful sufferings which sin, though but reckoned to him, brought on the Lord Jesus? Shall that sit light upon our souls, which sat so heavy upon his? Was Christ in such agony for our sins, and shall we never be in agony about them? How should we look upon Him whom we have pierced, and mourn! It becomes us to be exceedingly sorrowful for sin, because He was so, and never to mock at it. Christ, as Man, pleaded, that, if it were possible, his sufferings might pass from him. As Mediator, he submitted to the will of God, saying, Nevertheless, not what I will, but what thou wilt; I bid it welcome. See how the sinful weakness of Christ's disciples returns, and overpowers them. What heavy clogs these bodies of ours are to our souls! But when we see trouble at the door, we should get ready for it. Alas, even believers often look at the Redeemer's sufferings in a drowsy manner, and instead of being ready to die with Christ, they are not even prepared to watch with him one hour.

Verses 43-52 Because Christ appeared not as a temporal prince, but preached repentance, reformation, and a holy life, and directed men's thoughts, and affections, and aims to another world, therefore the Jewish rulers sought to destroy him. Peter wounded one of the band. It is easier to fight for Christ than to die for him. But there is a great difference between faulty disciples and hypocrites. The latter rashly and without thought call Christ Master, and express great affection for him, yet betray him to his enemies. Thus they hasten their own destruction.

Verses 53-65 We have here Christ's condemnation before the great council of the Jews. Peter followed; but the high priest's fire-side was no proper place, nor his servants proper company, for Peter: it was an entrance into temptation. Great diligence was used to procure false witnesses against Jesus, yet their testimony was not equal to the charge of a capital crime, by the utmost stretch of their law. He was asked, Art thou the Son of the Blessed? that is, the Son of God. For the proof of his being the Son of God, he refers to his second coming. In these outrages we have proofs of man's enmity to God, and of God's free and unspeakable love to man.

Verses 66-72 Peter's denying Christ began by keeping at a distance from him. Those that are shy of godliness, are far in the way to deny Christ. Those who think it dangerous to be in company with Christ's disciples, because thence they may be drawn in to suffer for him, will find it much more dangerous to be in company with his enemies, because there they may be drawn in to sin against him. When Christ was admired and flocked after, Peter readily owned him; but will own no relation to him now he is deserted and despised. Yet observe, Peter's repentance was very speedy. Let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall; and let him that has fallen think of these things, and of his own offences, and return to the Lord with weeping and supplication, seeking forgiveness, and to be raised up by the Holy Spirit.

Cross References 61

  • 1. Mark 14:1, 2: {Matthew 26:2-5; Luke 22:1, 2}
  • 2. Exodus 12:1-27; Mark 14:12; John 11:55; John 13:1
  • 3. Matthew 12:14
  • 4. Mark 14:3-9: {Matthew 26:6-13;} Luke 7:37-39; John 12:1-8
  • 5. Matthew 21:17
  • 6. Matthew 26:6; John 12:3
  • 7. Deuteronomy 15:11; Matthew 26:11; John 12:8
  • 8. John 19:40
  • 9. Matthew 26:13
  • 10. Mark 14:10, 11: {Matthew 26:14-16; Luke 22:3-6}
  • 11. John 6:71
  • 12. Mark 14:12-16: {Matthew 26:17-19; Luke 22:7-13}
  • 13. Matthew 26:17
  • 14. Deuteronomy 16:5; Mark 14:1; Luke 22:7; 1 Corinthians 5:7
  • 15. Luke 22:11
  • 16. Mark 14:17-21: {Matthew 26:20-24; Luke 22:14, 21-23;} John 13:18f
  • 17. Mark 14:22-25: {Matthew 26:26-29; Luke 22:17-20; 1 Corinthians 11:23-25;} Mark 10:16
  • 18. Matthew 14:19
  • 19. Exodus 24:8
  • 20. Jeremiah 31:31-34
  • 21. Matthew 26:30
  • 22. Matthew 21:1
  • 23. Mark 14:27-31: {Matthew 26:31-35}
  • 24. Zechariah 13:7
  • 25. Matthew 28:16
  • 26. Matthew 26:34
  • 27. Mark 14:68, 72; John 13:38
  • 28. Mark 14:32-42: {Matthew 26:36-46; Luke 22:40-46}
  • 29. Mark 9:15; Mark 16:5, 6
  • 30. Matthew 26:38; John 12:27
  • 31. Matthew 26:45; Mark 14:41
  • 32. Romans 8:15; Galatians 4:6
  • 33. Matthew 26:39
  • 34. Matthew 26:41
  • 35. Mark 14:35
  • 36. Mark 14:43-50: {Matthew 26:47-56; Luke 22:47-53; John 18:3-11}
  • 37. Matthew 23:7
  • 38. Mark 12:35; Luke 19:47; Luke 21:37
  • 39. Mark 14:53-65: {Matthew 26:57-68; John 18:12f, 19-24}
  • 40. Mark 14:68
  • 41. Matthew 26:3
  • 42. Mark 14:67; John 18:18
  • 43. Matthew 5:22
  • 44. Matthew 26:61; Mark 15:29; John 2:19
  • 45. Matthew 26:63
  • 46. Mark 14:61-63: {Matthew 26:63f; Luke 22:67-71}
  • 47. Psalms 110:1; Mark 13:26
  • 48. Daniel 7:13
  • 49. Numbers 14:6; Matthew 26:65; Acts 14:14
  • 50. Leviticus 24:16
  • 51. Matthew 26:67; Mark 10:34
  • 52. Esther 7:8
  • 53. Matthew 26:68; Luke 22:64
  • 54. Mark 14:66-72: {Matthew 26:69-75; Luke 22:56-62; John 18:16-18, 25-27}
  • 55. Mark 14:54
  • 56. Mark 14:54
  • 57. Mark 1:24
  • 58. Mark 14:54
  • 59. Mark 14:68
  • 60. Matthew 26:73; Luke 22:59
  • 61. Mark 14:30, 68

Footnotes 37

Mark 14 Commentaries

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