Psalms 104

The LORD'S Care over All His Works.

1 1Bless the LORD, O my soul! O LORD my God, You are very great; You are 2clothed with splendor and majesty,
2 Covering Yourself with 3light as with a cloak, 4Stretching out heaven like a tent curtain.
3 He 5lays the beams of His upper chambers in the waters; He makes the 6clouds His chariot; He walks upon the 7wings of the wind;
4 He makes 8the winds His messengers, Flaming 9fire His ministers.
5 He 10established the earth upon its foundations, So that it will not totter forever and ever.
6 You 11covered it with the deep as with a garment; The waters were standing above the mountains.
7 At Your 12rebuke they fled, At the 13sound of Your thunder they hurried away.
8 The mountains rose; the valleys sank down To the 14place which You established for them.
9 You set a 15boundary that they may not pass over, So that they will not return to cover the earth.
10 He sends forth 16springs in the valleys; They flow between the mountains;
11 They 17give drink to every beast of the field; The 18wild donkeys quench their thirst.
12 Beside them the birds of the heavens 19dwell; They lift up their voices among * the branches.
13 He 20waters the mountains from His upper chambers; 21The earth is satisfied with the fruit of His works.
14 He causes the 22grass to grow for the cattle, And 23vegetation for the labor of man, So that he may bring forth food 24from the earth,
15 And 25wine which makes man's heart glad, 26So that he may make his face glisten with oil, And food which 27sustains man's heart.
16 The trees of the LORD drink their fill, The cedars of Lebanon which He planted,
17 Where * the 28birds build their nests, And the 29stork, whose home is the fir trees.
18 The high mountains are for the 30wild goats; The 31cliffs are a refuge for the 32shephanim.
19 He made the moon 33for the seasons; The 34sun knows the place of its setting.
20 You 35appoint darkness and it becomes night, In which all the 36beasts of the forest prowl about.
21 The 37young lions roar after their prey And 38seek their food from God.
22 When the sun rises they withdraw And lie down in their 39dens.
23 Man goes forth to 40his work And to his labor until evening.
24 O LORD, how 41many are Your works! In 42wisdom You have made them all; The 43earth is full of Your possessions.
25 There is the 44sea, great and broad, In which are swarms without number, Animals both small and great.
26 There the 45ships move along, And 46Leviathan, which You have formed to sport in it.
27 They all 47wait for You To 48give them their food in due season.
28 You give to them, they gather it up; You 49open Your hand, they are satisfied with good.
29 You 50hide Your face, they are dismayed; You 51take away their spirit, they expire And 52return to their dust.
30 You send forth Your 53Spirit, they are created; And You renew the face of the ground.
31 Let the 54glory of the LORD endure forever; Let the LORD 55be glad in His works;
32 He 56looks at the earth, and it 57trembles; He 58touches the mountains, and they smoke.
33 I will sing to the LORD 59as long as I live; I will 60sing praise to my God while I have my being.
34 Let my 61meditation be pleasing to Him; As for me, I shall 62be glad in the LORD.
35 Let sinners be 63consumed from the earth And let the 64wicked be no more. 65Bless the LORD, O my soul. 66Praise the LORD!

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Psalms 104 Commentary

Chapter 104

God's majesty in the heavens, The creation of the sea, and the dry land. (1-9) His provision for all creatures. (10-18) The regular course of day and night, and God's sovereign power over all the creatures. (19-30) A resolution to continue praising God. (31-35)

Verses 1-9 Every object we behold calls on us to bless and praise the Lord, who is great. His eternal power and Godhead are clearly shown by the things which he hath made. God is light, and in him is no darkness at all. The Lord Jesus, the Son of his love, is the Light of the world.

Verses 10-18 When we reflect upon the provision made for all creatures, we should also notice the natural worship they render to God. Yet man, forgetful ungrateful man, enjoys the largest measure of his Creator's kindness. the earth, varying in different lands. Nor let us forget spiritual blessings; the fruitfulness of the church through grace, the bread of everlasting life, the cup of salvation, and the oil of gladness. Does God provide for the inferior creatures, and will he not be a refuge to his people?

Verses 19-30 We are to praise and magnify God for the constant succession of day and night. And see how those are like to the wild beasts, who wait for the twilight, and have fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness. Does God listen to the language of mere nature, even in ravenous creatures, and shall he not much more interpret favourably the language of grace in his own people, though weak and broken groanings which cannot be uttered? There is the work of every day, which is to be done in its day, which man must apply to every morning, and which he must continue in till evening; it will be time enough to rest when the night comes, in which no man can work. The psalmist wonders at the works of God. The works of art, the more closely they are looked upon, the more rough they appear; the works of nature appear more fine and exact. They are all made in wisdom, for they all answer the end they were designed to serve. Every spring is an emblem of the resurrection, when a new world rises, as it were, out of the ruins of the old one. But man alone lives beyond death. When the Lord takes away his breath, his soul enters on another state, and his body will be raised, either to glory or to misery. May the Lord send forth his Spirit, and new-create our souls to holiness.

Verses 31-35 Man's glory is fading; God's glory is everlasting: creatures change, but with the Creator there is no variableness. And if mediation on the glories of creation be so sweet to the soul, what greater glory appears to the enlightened mind, when contemplating the great work of redemption! There alone can a sinner perceive ground of confidence and joy in God. While he with pleasure upholds all, governs all, and rejoices in all his works, let our souls, touched by his grace, meditate on and praise him.

Cross References 66

  • 1. Psalms 103:22
  • 2. Psalms 93:1
  • 3. Daniel 7:9
  • 4. Isaiah 40:22
  • 5. Amos 9:6
  • 6. Isaiah 19:1
  • 7. Psalms 18:10
  • 8. Psalms 148:8; Hebrews 1:7
  • 9. 2 Kings 2:11; 2 Kings 6:17
  • 10. Job 38:4; Psalms 24:2
  • 11. Genesis 1:2
  • 12. Psalms 18:15; Psalms 106:9; Isaiah 50:2
  • 13. Psalms 29:3; Psalms 77:18
  • 14. Psalms 33:7
  • 15. Job 38:10, 11; Jeremiah 5:22
  • 16. Psalms 107:35; Isaiah 41:18
  • 17. Psalms 104:13
  • 18. Job 39:5
  • 19. Matthew 8:20
  • 20. Psalms 65:9; Psalms 147:8
  • 21. Jeremiah 10:13
  • 22. Job 38:27; Psalms 147:8
  • 23. Genesis 1:29
  • 24. Job 28:5
  • 25. Judges 9:13; Proverbs 31:6; Ecclesiastes 10:19
  • 26. Psalms 23:5; Psalms 92:10; Psalms 141:5; Luke 7:46
  • 27. Genesis 18:5; Judges 19:5, 8
  • 28. Psalms 104:12
  • 29. Leviticus 11:19
  • 30. Job 39:1
  • 31. Proverbs 30:26
  • 32. Leviticus 11:5
  • 33. Genesis 1:14
  • 34. Psalms 19:6
  • 35. Psalms 74:16; Isaiah 45:7
  • 36. Psalms 50:10; Isaiah 56:9; Micah 5:8
  • 37. Job 38:39
  • 38. Psalms 145:15; Joel 1:20
  • 39. Job 37:8
  • 40. Genesis 3:19
  • 41. Psalms 40:5
  • 42. Psalms 136:5; Proverbs 3:19; Jeremiah 10:12; Jeremiah 51:15
  • 43. Psalms 65:9
  • 44. Psalms 8:8; Psalms 69:34
  • 45. Psalms 107:23; Ezekiel 27:9
  • 46. Job 41:1; Psalms 74:14; Isaiah 27:1
  • 47. Psalms 145:15
  • 48. Job 36:31; Job 38:41; Psalms 136:25; Psalms 147:9
  • 49. Psalms 145:16
  • 50. Deuteronomy 31:17; Psalms 30:7
  • 51. Job 34:14, 15; Psalms 146:4; Ecclesiastes 12:7
  • 52. Genesis 3:19; Job 10:9; Psalms 90:3
  • 53. Job 33:4; Ezekiel 37:9
  • 54. Psalms 86:12; Psalms 111:10
  • 55. Genesis 1:31
  • 56. Judges 5:5; Psalms 97:4, 5; Psalms 114:7
  • 57. Habakkuk 3:10
  • 58. Exodus 19:18; Psalms 144:5
  • 59. Psalms 63:4
  • 60. Psalms 146:2
  • 61. Psalms 19:14
  • 62. Psalms 9:2
  • 63. Psalms 59:13
  • 64. Psalms 37:10
  • 65. Psalms 104:1
  • 66. Psalms 105:45; Psalms 106:48

Footnotes 37

Chapter Summary


This psalm, though without a title, was probably written by David, since it begins and ends as the former does, as Aben Ezra observes; and to him the Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, and all the Oriental versions, ascribe it. The inscription of the Syriac version is,

``a psalm of David, when he went to worship before the ark of the Lord with the priests; and as to us, it teaches us confession and prayer; and intimates to us the constitution of the beginning of the creatures; and declares some things concerning the angels.''

Some copies of the Septuagint version have it,

``a psalm of David concerning the constitution of the world;''

which indeed is the subject matter of it; for it treats of the creation of all things, of the heavens and the earth, and of all creatures in them; and of the providence of God in taking care of them. Christ is the divine Person addressed and described throughout the whole, as appears from the quotation of Ps 104:5 and the application of it to him in Heb 1:7.

\\Bless the Lord, O my soul\\ As for the blessings of grace and mercy expressed in the preceding psalm, so on account of the works of creation and providence, enumerated in this; in which Christ has an equal concern, as in the former.

\\O Lord my God, thou art very great\\; the Messiah, who is Jehovah our righteousness, Lord of all, truly God, and the God of his people; see Joh 20:28 and who is great, and very great, in his divine Person, being the great God, and our Saviour; great in all his works of creation, providence, and redemption; great in all his offices of Prophet, Priest, and King; a Saviour, and a great one; the great Shepherd of the Sheep; the Man, Jehovah's Fellow.

\\Thou art clothed with honour and majesty\\; being the brightness of his Father's glory, and having on him the glory of the only begotten of the Father, and a natural majesty in him as the Son of God and King of the whole universe; and, as Mediator, he has honour and majesty laid upon him by his Father, Ps 21:5, he has all the regalia and ensigns of royal majesty; he is on a throne, high and lifted up, even the same with his divine Father; he has a crown of glory on his head, he is crowned with glory and honour; he has a sceptre of righteousness in his hand, and is arrayed in robes of majesty; and, as thus situated, is to look upon like a jasper and sardine stone; or as if he was covered with sparkling gems and precious stones, Re 4:2,3 and, having all power in heaven and earth, over angels and men, honour and glory given him by both. 23531-950516-0908-Ps104.2

Psalms 104 Commentaries

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