Revelation 22

The River and the Tree of Life

1 Then 1he showed me a 2river of the 3water of life, clear 4as crystal, coming from the throne of God and of the Lamb,
2 in the middle of 5its street. 6On either side of the river was 7the tree of life, bearing twelve kinds of fruit, yielding its fruit every * month; and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations.
3 8There will no longer be any curse; and 9the throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and His bond-servants will 10serve Him;
4 they will 11see His face, and His 12name will be on their 13foreheads.
5 And 14there will no longer be any night; and they will not have need 15of the light of a lamp nor the light of the sun, because the Lord God will illumine them; and they will 16reign forever and ever.
6 And 17he said to me, "18These words are faithful and true "; and the Lord, the 19God of the spirits of the prophets, 20sent His angel to show to His bond-servants the things which must soon take place.
7 "And behold, 21I am coming quickly. 22Blessed is he who heeds 23the words of the prophecy of this book."
8 24I, John, am the one who heard and saw these things. And when I heard and saw, 25I fell down to worship at the feet of the angel who showed me these things.
9 But 26he said to me, "Do not do that. I am a 27fellow servant of yours and of your brethren the prophets and of those who heed the words of 28this book. Worship God."

The Final Message

10 And he said to me, "29Do not seal up 30the words of the prophecy of this book, 31for the time is near.
11 "32Let the one who does wrong, still do wrong; and the one who is filthy, still be filthy; and let the one who is righteous, still practice righteousness; and the one who is holy, still keep himself holy."
12 "Behold, 33I am coming quickly, and My 34reward is with Me, 35to render to every man according to what he has done *.
13 "I am the 36Alpha and the Omega, 37the first and the last, 38the beginning and the end."
14 Blessed are those who 39wash their robes, so that they may have the right to 40the tree of life, and may 41enter by the 42gates into the city.
15 43Outside are the 44dogs and the sorcerers and the immoral persons and the murderers and the idolaters, and everyone who loves and practices lying.
16 "45I, Jesus, have sent 46My angel to testify to you these things 47for the churches. I am 48the root and the 49descendant of David, the bright 50morning star."
17 The 51Spirit and the 52bride say, "Come." And let the one who hears say, "Come." And 53let the one who is thirsty come; let the one who wishes take the 54water of life without cost.
18 I testify to everyone who hears 55the words of the prophecy of this book: if anyone 56adds to them, God will add to him 57the plagues which are written in 58this book;
19 and if anyone 59takes away from the 60words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his part from 61the tree of life and from the holy city, 62which are written in this book.
20 He who 63testifies to these things says, "Yes, 64I am coming quickly." Amen. 65Come, Lord Jesus.
21 66The grace of the Lord Jesus be with all. Amen.

Revelation 22 Commentary

Chapter 22

A description of the heavenly state, under the figures of the water and the tree of life, and of the throne of God and the Lamb. (1-5) The truth and certain fulfilling of all the prophetic visions, The Holy Spirit, and the bride, the church, invite, and say, Come. (6-19) The closing blessing. (20,21)

Verses 1-5 All streams of earthly comfort are muddy; but these are clear, and refreshing. They give life, and preserve life, to those who drink of them, and thus they will flow for evermore. These point to the quickening and sanctifying influences of the Holy Spirit, as given to sinners through Christ. The Holy Spirit, proceeding from the Father and the Son, applies this salvation to our souls by his new-creating love and power. The trees of life are fed by the pure waters of the river that comes from the throne of God. The presence of God in heaven, is the health and happiness of the saints. This tree was an emblem of Christ, and of all the blessings of his salvation; and the leaves for the healing of the nations, mean that his favour and presence supply all good to the inhabitants of that blessed world. The devil has no power there; he cannot draw the saints from serving God, nor can he disturb them in the service of God. God and the Lamb are here spoken of as one. Service there shall be not only freedom, but honour and dominion. There will be no night; no affliction or dejection, no pause in service or enjoyment: no diversions or pleasures or man's inventing will there be wanted. How different all this from gross and merely human views of heavenly happiness, even those which refer to pleasures of the mind!

Verses 6-19 The Lord Jesus spake by the angel, solemnly confirming the contents of this book, particularly of this last vision. He is the Lord God faithful and true. Also by his messengers; the holy angels showed them to holy men of God. They are things that must shortly be done; Christ will come quickly, and put all things out of doubt. And by the integrity of that angel who had been the apostle's interpreter. He refused to accept religious worship from John, and reproved him for offering it. This presents another testimony against idolatrous worship of saints and angels. God calls every one to witness to the declarations here made. This book, thus kept open, will have effect upon men; the filthy and unjust will be more so, but it will confirm, strengthen, and further sanctify those who are upright with God. Never let us think that a dead or disobedient faith will save us, for the First and the Last has declared that those alone are blessed who do his commandments. It is a book that shuts out form heaven all wicked and unrighteous persons, particularly those who love and make lies, therefore cannot itself be a lie. There is no middle place or condition. Jesus, who is the Spirit of prophecy, has given his churches this morning-light of prophecy, to assure them of the light of the perfect day approaching. All is confirmed by an open and general invitation to mankind, to come and partake freely of the promises and of the privileges of the gospel. The Spirit, by the sacred word, and by convictions and influence in the sinner's conscience, says, Come to Christ for salvation; and the bride, or the whole church, on earth and in heaven, says, Come and share our happiness. Lest any should hesitate, it is added, Let whosoever will, or, is willing, come and take of the water of life freely. May every one who hears or reads these words, desire at once to accept the gracious invitation. All are condemned who should dare to corrupt or change the word of God, either by adding to it, or taking from it.

Verses 20-21 After discovering these things to his people on earth, Christ seems to take leave of them, and return to heaven; but he assures them it shall not be long before he comes again. And while we are busy in the duties of our different stations of life; whatever labours may try us, whatever difficulties may surround us, whatever sorrows may press us down, let us with pleasure hear our Lord proclaiming, Behold, I come quickly; I come to put an end to the labour and suffering of my servants. I come, and my reward of grace is with me, to recompense, with royal bounty, every work of faith and labour of love. I come to receive my faithful, persevering people to myself, to dwell for ever in that blissful world. Amen, even so, come, Lord Jesus. A blessing closes the whole. By the grace of Christ we must be kept in joyful expectation of his glory, fitted for it, and preserved to it; and his glorious appearance will be joyful to those who partake of his grace and favour here. Let all add, Amen. Let us earnestly thirst after greater measures of the gracious influences of the blessed Jesus in our souls, and his gracious presence with us, till glory has made perfect his grace toward us. Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost; as it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.

Cross References 66

  • 1. Revelation 1:1; Revelation 21:9; Revelation 22:6
  • 2. Psalms 46:4; Ezekiel 47:1
  • 3. Zechariah 14:8; Revelation 7:17; Revelation 22:17
  • 4. Revelation 4:6
  • 5. Revelation 21:21
  • 6. Ezekiel 47:12
  • 7. Genesis 2:9; Revelation 2:7; Revelation 22:14, 19
  • 8. Zechariah 14:11
  • 9. Revelation 21:3
  • 10. Revelation 7:15
  • 11. Psalms 17:15; Psalms 42:2; Matthew 5:8
  • 12. Revelation 14:1
  • 13. Revelation 7:3
  • 14. Zechariah 14:7; Revelation 21:25
  • 15. Isaiah 60:19; Revelation 21:23
  • 16. Daniel 7:18, 27; Matthew 19:28; Romans 5:17; Revelation 20:4
  • 17. Revelation 1:1; Revelation 21:9
  • 18. Revelation 19:9; Revelation 21:5
  • 19. 1 Corinthians 14:32; Hebrews 12:9
  • 20. Revelation 1:1; Revelation 22:16
  • 21. Revelation 1:3; Revelation 3:3, 11; Revelation 16:15; Revelation 22:12, 20
  • 22. Revelation 1:3; Revelation 16:15
  • 23. Revelation 1:11; Revelation 22:9, 10, 18
  • 24. Revelation 1:1
  • 25. Revelation 19:10
  • 26. Revelation 19:10
  • 27. Revelation 1:1
  • 28. Revelation 1:11; Revelation 22:10, 18
  • 29. Daniel 8:26; Revelation 10:4
  • 30. Revelation 1:11; Revelation 22:9, 18
  • 31. Revelation 1:3
  • 32. Ezekiel 3:27; Daniel 12:10
  • 33. Revelation 22:7
  • 34. Isaiah 40:10; Isaiah 62:11
  • 35. Psalms 28:4; Jeremiah 17:10; Matthew 16:27; Revelation 2:23
  • 36. Revelation 1:8
  • 37. Isaiah 44:6; Isaiah 48:12; Revelation 1:17; Revelation 2:8
  • 38. Revelation 21:6
  • 39. Revelation 7:14
  • 40. Genesis 2:9; Genesis 3:22; Revelation 22:2
  • 41. Revelation 21:27
  • 42. Revelation 21:12
  • 43. Matthew 8:12; 1 Corinthians 6:9; Galatians 5:19f; Revelation 21:8
  • 44. Deuteronomy 23:18; Matthew 7:6; Philippians 3:2
  • 45. Revelation 1:1
  • 46. Revelation 1:1; Revelation 22:6
  • 47. Revelation 1:4, 11; Revelation 3:22
  • 48. Revelation 5:5
  • 49. Matthew 1:1
  • 50. Matthew 2:2; Revelation 2:28
  • 51. Revelation 2:7; Revelation 14:13
  • 52. Revelation 21:2, 9
  • 53. Isaiah 55:1; Revelation 21:6
  • 54. Revelation 7:17; Revelation 22:1
  • 55. Revelation 22:7
  • 56. Deuteronomy 4:2; Deuteronomy 12:32; Proverbs 30:6
  • 57. Rev 15:6-16:21
  • 58. Revelation 22:7
  • 59. Deuteronomy 4:2; Deuteronomy 12:32; Proverbs 30:6
  • 60. Revelation 22:7
  • 61. Revelation 22:2
  • 62. Rev 21:10-22:5
  • 63. Revelation 1:2
  • 64. Revelation 22:7
  • 65. 1 Corinthians 16:22
  • 66. Romans 16:20

Footnotes 10

Chapter Summary


This chapter contains a further account of the above city, a confirmation of the visions of this book, and the conclusion of it. The city is further described by the river that ran by it, or through it, called a river of water of life, said to be pure and clear as crystal, and to have its rise from the throne of God and the Lamb; and by the tree of life in the midst of it, situated on each side the river, bearing twelve sorts of fruit, yielded every month, the leaves of which heal the nations, Re 22:1,2 and the happiness of the inhabitants of it is set forth, by there being no curse in it; by the throne of God and the Lamb being in it; by the service of the saints in it; by the pleasure they enjoy, and the honour put upon them; by the light of the place, and the duration of the saints' reign, Re 22:3-5 next follow testimonies concerning the authority of the book, and the truth of things in it; and first, the testimony of the angel that talked with John, declaring that the things in it were true and faithful; and that he was sent from the Lord God of the prophets to show to the saints things that would quickly come to pass; and that Christ himself would quickly come; and that they were happy who kept and observed the sayings and prophecies of it, Re 22:6,7 then the testimony of John who saw and heard them, and was about to worship the angel that declared them, but was forbid by him, and dissuaded from it, by observing to him who he was, a fellow servant of his and of his brethren, and that God only was to be worshipped, Re 22:8,9 who is ordered, as it seems by Christ, not to seal up the prophecies delivered to him, since the time of their fulfilment was at hand, when men would remain just as they were, whether ungodly and filthy, or righteous and holy, Re 22:10,11 and who declares that he should quickly come to reward every man according to his works; and that he was the Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last; and that they were happy that did his commandments, since it would appear they had a right to the tree of life, and to entrance through the gates into the city before described, when wicked men, whose characters are given, would be without, Re 22:12-15 and still more clearly and fully Christ asserts himself to be the author of this revelation, and the sender of the angel, to testify it to the church, who is David's root and offspring, and the morning star, whose coming is to be wished for by the Spirit and bride, and every truly gracious soul, Re 22:16,17 and to show the perfection and authority of this book, as well as of the whole Scripture, and to deter persons from adding to it, or taking from it, he threatens to inflict on such persons the plagues herein written, and to take the names of such out of the book of life, out of the holy city, and from the things written in this book, Re 22:18,19 and then he delivers out a fresh asseveration of his speedy coming, to which John adds his hearty "Amen", and earnest request that he would come quickly; and the book is concluded with a benediction usual in the epistles, especially in those of the Apostle Paul, Re 22:20,21.

Revelation 22 Commentaries

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