And he said unto them, render therefore unto Caesar the
things which be Caesar's
The Arabic version renders it, "give to the king what is the king's"; the tribute that was due to him; since they were under his government, and were protected by him, and traded with his money; the currency of which among them was an acknowledgment of him as their sovereign:
and unto God the things which be God's;
which relate to his worship, honour, interest, and kingdom; (See Gill on Matthew 22:21).