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Daniel 1:1

1 During the third year of King Jehoiakim’s reign in Judah, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it.

Daniel 1:1 Meaning and Commentary


F11 R. Nehumiah apud Grotium, de Ver. Relig. Christ. I. 5. sect. 14.Daniel 1:1

In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah
At the close of it, and at the beginning of the fourth, which was the first of Nebuchadnezzar, ( Jeremiah 25:1 ) . Jerusalem seems to have been taken twice in his time, and two captivities in it: the first was in the third or fourth year of his reign; when humbling himself, he was restored to his kingdom, though he became a tributary to the king of Babylon; Daniel and his companions, who were carried captive with him, were retained as hostages; but after three years he rebelled, but it was not until his eleventh year that Nebuchadnezzar came against him again, took him, and bound him, in order to carry him to Babylon, but he died by the way; see ( 2 Kings 24:1 2 Kings 24:2 ) ( 2 Chronicles 36:5 2 Chronicles 36:6 ) , some, as Jarchi and Saadiah Gaon, make this to be the third year of his rebellion, and the last of his reign; they suppose that he was conquered by the king of Babylon, and became subject to him in the fifth year of his reign; that he served him three years, and rebelled against him three years: at the end of which came Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon unto Jerusalem, and besieged it;
with his army, and took it; and the same way it is accounted for in the Jewish chronicle F16 according to Bishop Usher F17, this was in the year of the world 3398 A.M., and before Christ 607 or 606; according to Mr. Bedford F18, 605.


F16 Seder Olam Rabba, c. 25. in principio.
F17 Annales Vet. Test. A. M. 3398.
F18 Scripture Chronology, p. 676.

Daniel 1:1 In-Context

1 During the third year of King Jehoiakim’s reign in Judah, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it.
2 The Lord gave him victory over King Jehoiakim of Judah and permitted him to take some of the sacred objects from the Temple of God. So Nebuchadnezzar took them back to the land of Babylonia and placed them in the treasure-house of his god.
3 Then the king ordered Ashpenaz, his chief of staff, to bring to the palace some of the young men of Judah’s royal family and other noble families, who had been brought to Babylon as captives.
4 “Select only strong, healthy, and good-looking young men,” he said. “Make sure they are well versed in every branch of learning, are gifted with knowledge and good judgment, and are suited to serve in the royal palace. Train these young men in the language and literature of Babylon. ”
5 The king assigned them a daily ration of food and wine from his own kitchens. They were to be trained for three years, and then they would enter the royal service.

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. This event occurred in 605, during the third year of Jehoiakim’s reign (according to the calendar system in which the new year begins in the spring).
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