Psalms 128:3

3 Your wife will be like a fruitful vine within your house; your children will be like olive shoots around your table.

Psalms 128:3 Meaning and Commentary

Psalms 128:3

Thy wife [shall be] as a fruitful vine by the sides of thine
The vine being a weak and tender tree, which needs propping and supporting; and often is fastened to the sides of a house, to which the allusion here is; whereunto it cleaves, and on which it runs up, and bears very agreeable fruit; it is properly used to express the weakness and tenderness of the female sex, their fruitfulness in bearing children, and their care of domestic affairs, being keepers at home; see ( 1 Peter 3:7 ) ( 1 Thessalonians 5:14 ) ( Titus 2:5 ) . Kimchi observes, that the vine is the only tree men plant within doors; which, when it is grown up, they bring out at a hole or window of the house without, to have the sun and air; and so its root is within the house, and the branches without: and he observes, that a modest woman is within the house, and does not go without, and is only seen by her husband; but her children, like the branches of the vine, go out to work. This may be applied to Christ and his church; to him the other characters agree: he, as man, is one that feared the Lord; the grace of fear was in him; the spirit of fear rested on him; and he was in the exercise of it, and walked in all the ways of the Lord, ( Isaiah 11:1-3 ) ( Hebrews 5:7 ) ; he now sees and enjoys the travail or labour of his soul to satisfaction, and is made most blessed for evermore, ( Isaiah 53:11 ) ( Psalms 21:6 ) . The church is the bride, the Lamb's wife, the spouse of Christ; and may be compared to a vine for her weakness in herself, her fruitfulness in grace and good works, and in bringing forth souls to Christ, through the ministry of the word; all which is pleasant and grateful to him; see ( Psalms 80:14 ) ( Song of Solomon 2:15 ) ( 7:12 ) ;

thy children like olive plants round about thy table;
a numerous offspring was always accounted a very great blessing; and it must be very pleasant to a parent to see his children round about his table, placed in their proper order according to their age, partaking of what it is furnished with: Job, in his time of prosperity, had many children; and, next to the presence of the Almighty with him, he mentions this of his children being about him; see ( Job 1:2 ) ( 29:6 ) . This may be applied to the spiritual seed and offspring of Christ, which are like to olive trees or olive plants; to which David is compared, ( Psalms 52:8 ) ; the two anointed ones in ( Zechariah 4:11 Zechariah 4:14 ) ; the two witnesses in ( Revelation 11:4 ) ; and all true believers in Christ may; because of their excellency, these being choice plants; because of their fruitfulness and beauty; because of their fatness, and having oil in them; and because of their perpetuity, being ever green; see ( Jeremiah 11:16 ) ( Hosea 14:6 ) . Now Christ has a table, which he has well furnished, at which he himself sits, and places these his children all around; and whom he welcomes to the entertainment he makes, and takes delight and pleasure in them, ( Song of Solomon 1:12 ) ( 5:1 ) . Kimchi observes, the olive trees do not admit of a graft from other trees; see ( Romans 11:24 ) ; and so this denotes the legitimacy of those children, being free from all suspicion of being spurious, being born of such a wife as before described; and being green and moist all the year long, denotes their continuance in good works.

Psalms 128:3 In-Context

1 Happy is everyone who fears the Lord, who walks in his ways.
2 You shall eat the fruit of the labor of your hands; you shall be happy, and it shall go well with you.
3 Your wife will be like a fruitful vine within your house; your children will be like olive shoots around your table.
4 Thus shall the man be blessed who fears the Lord.
5 The Lord bless you from Zion. May you see the prosperity of Jerusalem all the days of your life.
New Revised Standard Version Bible, copyright 1989, Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.