Psalms 80:10

10 The mountains were covered with its shade, the mighty cedars with its branches;

Psalms 80:10 Meaning and Commentary

Psalms 80:10

The hills were covered with the shadow of it
Alluding to the land of Canaan, which was a mountainous and hilly country, at least some part of it; hence we read of the hill country of Judea, ( Luke 1:39 ) and to the nature of vines, which delight to grow on hills and mountains F16: in a figurative sense this may denote the subjection of kings and kingdoms, comparable to hills, to the Israelites in the times of David and Solomon, ( 2 Samuel 8:1 ) ( 1 Kings 4:21 1 Kings 4:24 ) and the exaltation of the church of Christ, in the latter day, over the hills and mountains, ( Isaiah 2:2 ) . The Targum is,

``the mountains of Jerusalem were covered with the shadow of the house of the sanctuary, and of the houses of the schools:''

and the boughs thereof were like the goodly cedars;
to these the righteous are compared, ( Psalms 92:13 ) , the Targum is,

``the doctors, the mighty preachers, who are like to the strong cedars:''

the words may be rendered, "the boughs thereof cover the goodly cedars", or "cedars of God" F17; that is, overrun and overtop the goodly cedars; alluding to vines running and growing upon high and goodly trees; and so may denote, as before, the power of Israel over the princes and potentates of the earth, comparable to cedars, the most excellent; as things most excellent have often the name of God added to them; see ( Psalms 104:16 ) .


F16 "Bacchus amat colles----" Virgil Georgic. l. 2. v. 113.
F17 (la yzra hypne) "rami ejus cedros Dei", Tigurine version; so Sept. "et ramia ejus cedri Dei", Musculus, Cocceius; "palmitibus ejus cedri altissimae operiebantur", Piscator, De Dieu; "ramis ejus opertae sunt cedri Dei", Michaelis.

Psalms 80:10 In-Context

8 You brought a vine out of Egypt; you drove out the nations and planted it.
9 You cleared the ground for it; it took deep root and filled the land.
10 The mountains were covered with its shade, the mighty cedars with its branches;
11 it sent out its branches to the sea, and its shoots to the River.
12 Why then have you broken down its walls, so that all who pass along the way pluck its fruit?
New Revised Standard Version Bible, copyright 1989, Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.