Numbers 22:4-41

4 The Moabites said to the elders of Midian, “This horde is going to lick up everything around us, as an ox licks up the grass of the field.” So Balak son of Zippor, who was king of Moab at that time,
5 sent messengers to summon Balaam son of Beor, who was at Pethor, near the Euphrates River, in his native land. Balak said: “A people has come out of Egypt; they cover the face of the land and have settled next to me.
6 Now come and put a curse on these people, because they are too powerful for me. Perhaps then I will be able to defeat them and drive them out of the land. For I know that whoever you bless is blessed, and whoever you curse is cursed.”
7 The elders of Moab and Midian left, taking with them the fee for divination. When they came to Balaam, they told him what Balak had said.
8 “Spend the night here,” Balaam said to them, “and I will report back to you with the answer the LORD gives me.” So the Moabite officials stayed with him.
9 God came to Balaam and asked, “Who are these men with you?”
10 Balaam said to God, “Balak son of Zippor, king of Moab, sent me this message:
11 ‘A people that has come out of Egypt covers the face of the land. Now come and put a curse on them for me. Perhaps then I will be able to fight them and drive them away.’ ”
12 But God said to Balaam, “Do not go with them. You must not put a curse on those people, because they are blessed.”
13 The next morning Balaam got up and said to Balak’s officials, “Go back to your own country, for the LORD has refused to let me go with you.”
14 So the Moabite officials returned to Balak and said, “Balaam refused to come with us.”
15 Then Balak sent other officials, more numerous and more distinguished than the first.
16 They came to Balaam and said: “This is what Balak son of Zippor says: Do not let anything keep you from coming to me,
17 because I will reward you handsomely and do whatever you say. Come and put a curse on these people for me.”
18 But Balaam answered them, “Even if Balak gave me all the silver and gold in his palace, I could not do anything great or small to go beyond the command of the LORD my God.
19 Now spend the night here so that I can find out what else the LORD will tell me.”
20 That night God came to Balaam and said, “Since these men have come to summon you, go with them, but do only what I tell you.”

Balaam’s Donkey

21 Balaam got up in the morning, saddled his donkey and went with the Moabite officials.
22 But God was very angry when he went, and the angel of the LORD stood in the road to oppose him. Balaam was riding on his donkey, and his two servants were with him.
23 When the donkey saw the angel of the LORD standing in the road with a drawn sword in his hand, it turned off the road into a field. Balaam beat it to get it back on the road.
24 Then the angel of the LORD stood in a narrow path through the vineyards, with walls on both sides.
25 When the donkey saw the angel of the LORD, it pressed close to the wall, crushing Balaam’s foot against it. So he beat the donkey again.
26 Then the angel of the LORD moved on ahead and stood in a narrow place where there was no room to turn, either to the right or to the left.
27 When the donkey saw the angel of the LORD, it lay down under Balaam, and he was angry and beat it with his staff.
28 Then the LORD opened the donkey’s mouth, and it said to Balaam, “What have I done to you to make you beat me these three times?”
29 Balaam answered the donkey, “You have made a fool of me! If only I had a sword in my hand, I would kill you right now.”
30 The donkey said to Balaam, “Am I not your own donkey, which you have always ridden, to this day? Have I been in the habit of doing this to you?” “No,” he said.
31 Then the LORD opened Balaam’s eyes, and he saw the angel of the LORD standing in the road with his sword drawn. So he bowed low and fell facedown.
32 The angel of the LORD asked him, “Why have you beaten your donkey these three times? I have come here to oppose you because your path is a reckless one before me.[a]
33 The donkey saw me and turned away from me these three times. If it had not turned away, I would certainly have killed you by now, but I would have spared it.”
34 Balaam said to the angel of the LORD, “I have sinned. I did not realize you were standing in the road to oppose me. Now if you are displeased, I will go back.”
35 The angel of the LORD said to Balaam, “Go with the men, but speak only what I tell you.” So Balaam went with Balak’s officials.
36 When Balak heard that Balaam was coming, he went out to meet him at the Moabite town on the Arnon border, at the edge of his territory.
37 Balak said to Balaam, “Did I not send you an urgent summons? Why didn’t you come to me? Am I really not able to reward you?”
38 “Well, I have come to you now,” Balaam replied. “But I can’t say whatever I please. I must speak only what God puts in my mouth.”
39 Then Balaam went with Balak to Kiriath Huzoth.
40 Balak sacrificed cattle and sheep, and gave some to Balaam and the officials who were with him.
41 The next morning Balak took Balaam up to Bamoth Baal, and from there he could see the outskirts of the Israelite camp.

Numbers 22:4-41 Meaning and Commentary


The children of Israel being come into the plains of Moab, put the king of Moab into a panic, who expressed his fears to the elders of Midian, Nu 22:1-4 and sent for Balaam the soothsayer to curse the people of Israel, but he, upon consulting the Lord refused to come, Nu 22:5-14, on which the king of Moab sent to him a second time, making large promises of preferment to him, and who at this time got leave from the Lord to go with the messengers, Nu 22:15-21, but was met with in the way by an angel of the Lord, who would have slain him had it not been for his ass, of which a very wonderful revelation is given, Nu 22:22-35, and the chapter is closed with the interview between Balak king of Moab and Balaam, and an account of what passed between them, and what was done by them, Nu 22:36-41.

Cross References 37

  • 1. S Genesis 19:37
  • 2. S Genesis 25:2
  • 3. Nu 32:17,18,29
  • 4. Job 5:25; Psalms 72:16
  • 5. ver 7; Numbers 24:25; Numbers 31:8,16; Deuteronomy 23:4; Joshua 13:22; Joshua 24:9; Nehemiah 13:2; Micah 6:5; S 2 Peter 2:15
  • 6. S Genesis 2:14
  • 7. S Exodus 13:3
  • 8. ver 12,17; Nu 23:7,11,13; Numbers 24:9,10
  • 9. ver 11
  • 10. S Genesis 30:27; Numbers 23:23; Numbers 24:1
  • 11. ver 19
  • 12. S Genesis 20:3
  • 13. ver 20; Numbers 23:5; Numbers 24:4,16
  • 14. S Genesis 12:2; Genesis 22:17; Numbers 23:20
  • 15. ver 37; Numbers 24:11
  • 16. S ver 6
  • 17. ver 38; Numbers 23:12,26; Numbers 24:13; 1 Kings 22:14; 2 Chronicles 18:13; Jeremiah 42:4
  • 18. ver 8
  • 19. S Genesis 20:3
  • 20. ver 35,38; Nu 23:5,12,16,26; Numbers 24:13; 2 Chronicles 18:13
  • 21. S Exodus 4:14
  • 22. S Genesis 16:7; Exodus 23:20; Jdg 13:3,6,13
  • 23. Joshua 5:13
  • 24. ver 25,27
  • 25. Numbers 11:1; James 1:19
  • 26. 2 Peter 2:16
  • 27. ver 32
  • 28. ver 33; Deuteronomy 25:4; Proverbs 12:10; Proverbs 27:23-27; Matthew 15:19
  • 29. Genesis 21:19
  • 30. S ver 29
  • 31. Genesis 39:9; Numbers 14:40; 1 Samuel 15:24,30; 2 Samuel 12:13; 2 Samuel 24:10; Job 33:27; Psalms 51:4
  • 32. ver 2
  • 33. S Numbers 21:13
  • 34. Nu 23:5,16,26
  • 35. Nu 23:1,14,29; Ezekiel 45:23
  • 36. S Numbers 21:28
  • 37. Numbers 23:13

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. The meaning of the Hebrew for this clause is uncertain.
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