Proverbs 13

1 A wise son heeds his father’s instruction, but a mocker does not respond to rebukes.
2 From the fruit of their lips people enjoy good things, but the unfaithful have an appetite for violence.
3 Those who guard their lips preserve their lives, but those who speak rashly will come to ruin.
4 A sluggard’s appetite is never filled, but the desires of the diligent are fully satisfied.
5 The righteous hate what is false, but the wicked make themselves a stench and bring shame on themselves.
6 Righteousness guards the person of integrity, but wickedness overthrows the sinner.
7 One person pretends to be rich, yet has nothing; another pretends to be poor, yet has great wealth.
8 A person’s riches may ransom their life, but the poor cannot respond to threatening rebukes.
9 The light of the righteous shines brightly, but the lamp of the wicked is snuffed out.
10 Where there is strife, there is pride, but wisdom is found in those who take advice.
11 Dishonest money dwindles away, but whoever gathers money little by little makes it grow.
12 Hope deferred makes the heart sick, but a longing fulfilled is a tree of life.
13 Whoever scorns instruction will pay for it, but whoever respects a command is rewarded.
14 The teaching of the wise is a fountain of life, turning a person from the snares of death.
15 Good judgment wins favor, but the way of the unfaithful leads to their destruction.[a]
16 All who are prudent act with[b] knowledge, but fools expose their folly.
17 A wicked messenger falls into trouble, but a trustworthy envoy brings healing.
18 Whoever disregards discipline comes to poverty and shame, but whoever heeds correction is honored.
19 A longing fulfilled is sweet to the soul, but fools detest turning from evil.
20 Walk with the wise and become wise, for a companion of fools suffers harm.
21 Trouble pursues the sinner, but the righteous are rewarded with good things.
22 A good person leaves an inheritance for their children’s children, but a sinner’s wealth is stored up for the righteous.
23 An unplowed field produces food for the poor, but injustice sweeps it away.
24 Whoever spares the rod hates their children, but the one who loves their children is careful to discipline them.
25 The righteous eat to their hearts’ content, but the stomach of the wicked goes hungry.

Proverbs 13 Commentary

Chapter 13

Verse 1 There is great hope of those that reverence their parents. There is little hope of any who will not hear those that deal faithfully with them. Verse 2 . By our words we must be justified or condemned, ( Verse 3 ) . He that thinks before he speaks, that suppresses evil if he have thought it, keeps his soul from a great deal both of guilt and grief. Many a one is ruined by an ungoverned tongue. Verse 4 . The slothful desire the gains the diligent get, but hate the pains the diligent take; therefore they have nothing. This is especially true as to the soul. Verse 5 . Where sin reigns, the man is loathsome. If his conscience were awake, he would abhor himself, and repent in dust and ashes. Verse 6 . An honest desire to do right, preserves a man from fatal mistakes, better than a thousand fine-drawn distinctions. Verse 7 . Some who are really poor, trade and spend as if they were rich: this is sin, and will be shame, and it will end accordingly. Some that are really rich, would be thought to be poor: in this there is want of gratitude to God, want of justice and charity to others. There are many hypocrites, empty of grace, who will not be convinced of their poverty. There are many fearing Christians, who are spiritually rich, yet think themselves poor; by their doubts, and complaints, and griefs, they make themselves poor. Verse 8 . Great riches often tempt to violence against those that possess them; but the poor are free from such perils. Verse 9 . The light of the righteous is as that of the sun, which may be eclipsed and clouded, but will continue: the Spirit is their Light, he gives a fulness of joy: that of the wicked is as a lamp of their own kindling, easily put out. Verse 10 . All contentions, whether between private persons, families, churches, or nations, are begun and carried forward by pride. Disputes would be easily prevented or ended, if it were not for pride. Verse 11 . Wealth gotten by dishonesty or vice, has a secret curse, which will speedily waste it. Verse 12 . The delay of what is anxiously hoped for, is very painful to the mind; obtaining it is very pleasant. But spiritual blessings are chiefly intended. Verse 13 . He that stands in awe of God, and reverences his word, shall escape destruction, and be rewarded for his godly fear. Verse 14 . The rule by which the wise regulate their conduct, is a fountain yielding life and happiness. Verse 15 . The way of sinners is hard upon others, and hard to the sinner himself. The service of sin is slavery; the road to hell is strewed with the thorns and thistles that followed the curse. Verse 16 . It is folly to talk of things of which we know nothing, and to undertake what we are no way fit for. Verse 17 . Those that are wicked, and false to Christ and to the souls of men, do mischief, and fall into mischief; but those that are faithful, find sound words healing to others and to themselves. Verse 18 . He that scorns to be taught, will certainly be brought down. Verse 19 . There are in man strong desires after happiness; but never let those expect any thing truly sweet to their souls, who will not be persuaded to leave their sins. Verse 20 . Multitudes are brought to ruin by bad company. And all that make themselves wicked will be destroyed. Verse 21 . When God pursues sinners he is sure to overtake them; and he will reward the righteous. Verse 22 . The servant of God who is not anxious about riches, takes the best method of providing for his children. Verse 23 . The poor, yet industrious, thrive, though in a homely manner, while those who have great riches are often brought to poverty for want of judgment. Verse 24 . He acts as if he hated his child, who, by false indulgence, permits sinful habits to gather strength, which will bring sorrow here, and misery hereafter. Verse 25 . It is the misery of the wicked, that even their sensual appetites are always craving. The righteous feeds on the word and ordinances, to the satisfying of his soul with the promises of the gospel, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who is the Bread of life.

Cross References 36

  • 1. S Proverbs 12:1; Proverbs 15:5; Proverbs 10:1
  • 2. S Proverbs 12:14
  • 3. S Psalms 12:2; S Psalms 34:13; James 3:2
  • 4. S Proverbs 10:6; Proverbs 21:23
  • 5. S Job 1:22; Pr 18:7,20-21
  • 6. Proverbs 21:25-26
  • 7. S Psalms 119:128
  • 8. S Proverbs 11:3,5; Jeremiah 44:5
  • 9. Revelation 3:17
  • 10. 2 Corinthians 6:10
  • 11. Proverbs 15:16
  • 12. S Job 18:5; S Proverbs 4:18-19; Proverbs 24:20
  • 13. S Judges 19:30; S Proverbs 9:9
  • 14. S Proverbs 10:2
  • 15. S Proverbs 10:11
  • 16. S Numbers 15:31; 2 Chronicles 36:16
  • 17. Exodus 9:20
  • 18. Proverbs 16:20
  • 19. S Proverbs 10:11
  • 20. Proverbs 14:27
  • 21. Ecclesiastes 10:3
  • 22. Esther 5:11; S Psalms 38:5; Proverbs 12:23
  • 23. S Proverbs 10:26
  • 24. Proverbs 25:13
  • 25. S Proverbs 1:7; S Proverbs 12:1
  • 26. Psalms 141:5; Proverbs 25:12; Ecclesiastes 7:5; Pr 15:5,31-32
  • 27. S Proverbs 10:11
  • 28. 2 Chronicles 10:8; Proverbs 15:31
  • 29. 2 Samuel 3:39; Jeremiah 40:3; Jeremiah 50:7; Ezekiel 14:13; Ezekiel 18:4
  • 30. Psalms 25:13
  • 31. Psalms 32:10
  • 32. S Esther 8:2; S Job 27:17; Ecclesiastes 2:26
  • 33. S 2 Samuel 7:14
  • 34. S Proverbs 3:12
  • 35. Proverbs 19:18; Proverbs 22:15; Proverbs 23:13-14; Proverbs 29:15,17; Ephesians 6:4; Hebrews 12:7
  • 36. Psalms 34:10; Proverbs 10:3

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. Septuagint and Syriac; the meaning of the Hebrew for this phrase is uncertain.
  • [b]. Or "prudent protect themselves through"

Proverbs 13 Commentaries