He maketh the barren woman to keep house,
&C.] Or "to dwell in the house", as the Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, and other versions; or rather "to cause the house to be inhabited"; to fill the house with inhabitants, to build up the house, as the barren woman, when made fruitful, does, as Rachel and Leah built up the house of Israel, ( Ruth 4:11 ) . This may be applied to the church of God, as it is to the congregation of Israel by the Targum,
``who makes the congregation of Israel, which is like to a barren woman, that sitteth sorrowful, to dwell with the men of her house, full of multitudes.''Jarchi interprets it of Zion, who was as a barren woman; see ( Isaiah 54:1 ) ( Galatians 4:27 ) . It may be illustrated by the case of the primitive and apostolic church, which at first had but very few converts, but afterwards, both in Judea and in the Gentile world, had large numbers; as the church in the latter day will also have, when the fulness of the Gentiles is brought in, and the nation of the Jews born at once.
And to be a joyful mother of children;
as the barren woman is when she becomes the mother of children; and indeed every woman rejoices when a man is born into the world, ( John 16:21 ) , and so does the church of Christ and people of God, when souls are born again among them; this causes great joy among the saints; see ( Psalms 87:4-7 ) ( Acts 15:3 ) ( Isaiah 49:18-21 ) ( Isaiah 60:4 Isaiah 60:5 ) .
Praise ye the Lord;
not only for the church's fruitfulness, but for all the great and good things the Lord has vouchsafed to do for his people, mentioned in this psalm.