Psalms 118

1 Give thanks to the LORD, for he is good; his love endures forever.
2 Let Israel say: “His love endures forever.”
3 Let the house of Aaron say: “His love endures forever.”
4 Let those who fear the LORD say: “His love endures forever.”
5 When hard pressed, I cried to the LORD; he brought me into a spacious place.
6 The LORD is with me; I will not be afraid. What can mere mortals do to me?
7 The LORD is with me; he is my helper. I look in triumph on my enemies.
8 It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in humans.
9 It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in princes.
10 All the nations surrounded me, but in the name of the LORD I cut them down.
11 They surrounded me on every side, but in the name of the LORD I cut them down.
12 They swarmed around me like bees, but they were consumed as quickly as burning thorns; in the name of the LORD I cut them down.
13 I was pushed back and about to fall, but the LORD helped me.
14 The LORD is my strength and my defense[a] ; he has become my salvation.
15 Shouts of joy and victory resound in the tents of the righteous: “The LORD’s right hand has done mighty things!
16 The LORD’s right hand is lifted high; the LORD’s right hand has done mighty things!”
17 I will not die but live, and will proclaim what the LORD has done.
18 The LORD has chastened me severely, but he has not given me over to death.
19 Open for me the gates of the righteous; I will enter and give thanks to the LORD.
20 This is the gate of the LORD through which the righteous may enter.
21 I will give you thanks, for you answered me; you have become my salvation.
22 The stone the builders rejected has become the cornerstone;
23 the LORD has done this, and it is marvelous in our eyes.
24 The LORD has done it this very day; let us rejoice today and be glad.
25 LORD, save us! LORD, grant us success!
26 Blessed is he who comes in the name of the LORD. From the house of the LORD we bless you.[b]
27 The LORD is God, and he has made his light shine on us. With boughs in hand, join in the festal procession up[c] to the horns of the altar.
28 You are my God, and I will praise you; you are my God, and I will exalt you.
29 Give thanks to the LORD, for he is good; his love endures forever.

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Psalms 118 Commentary

Chapter 118

It is good to trust in the Lord. (1-18) The coming of Christ in his kingdom. (19-29)

Verses 1-18 The account the psalmist here gives of his troubles is very applicable to Christ: many hated him without a cause; nay, the Lord himself chastened him sorely, bruised him, and put him to grief, that by his stripes we might be healed. God is sometimes the strength of his people, when he is not their song; they have spiritual supports, though they want spiritual delights. Whether the believer traces back his comfort to the everlasting goodness and mercy of God, or whether he looks forward to the blessing secured to him, he will find abundant cause for joy and praise. Every answer to our prayers is an evidence that the Lord is on our side; and then we need not fear what man can do unto us; we should conscientiously do our duty to all, and trust in him alone to accept and bless us. Let us seek to live to declare the works of God, and to encourage others to serve him and trust in him. Such were the triumphs of the Son of David, in the assurance that the good pleasure of the Lord should prosper in his hand.

Verses 19-29 Those who saw Christ's day at so great a distance, saw cause to praise God for the prospect. The prophecy, ver. ( psalms 118:22-23 ) Christ. 1. His humiliation; he is the Stone which the builders refused: they would go on in their building without him. This proved the ruin of those who thus made light of him. Rejecters of Christ are rejected of God. 2. His exaltation; he is the chief Cornerstone in the foundation. He is the chief Top-stone, in whom the building is completed, who must, in all things, have the pre-eminence. Christ's name is Wonderful; and the redemption he wrought out is the most amazing of all God's wondrous works. We will rejoice and be glad in the Lord's day; not only that such a day is appointed, but in the occasion of it, Christ's becoming the Head. Sabbath days ought to be rejoicing days, then they are to us as the days of heaven. Let this Saviour be my Saviour, my Ruler. Let my soul prosper and be in health, in that peace and righteousness which his government brings. Let me have victory over the lusts that war against my soul; and let Divine grace subdue my heart. The duty which the Lord has made, brings light with it, true light. The duty this privilege calls for, is here set forth; the sacrifices we are to offer to God in gratitude for redeeming love, are ourselves; not to be slain upon the altar, but living sacrifices, to be bound to the altar; spiritual sacrifices of prayer and praise, in which our hearts must be engaged. The psalmist praises God, and calls upon all about him to give thanks to God for the glad tidings of great joy to all people, that there is a Redeemer, even Christ the Lord. In him the covenant of grace is made sure and everlasting.

Cross References 51

  • 1. S 1 Chronicles 16:8
  • 2. S 2 Chronicles 5:13; S 2 Chronicles 7:3
  • 3. S Ezra 3:11; Psalms 106:1; Psalms 136:1
  • 4. Psalms 115:9
  • 5. Psalms 106:1; Psalms 136:1-26
  • 6. Exodus 30:30; Psalms 115:10
  • 7. S Psalms 115:11
  • 8. Psalms 18:6; Psalms 31:7; Psalms 77:2; Psalms 120:1
  • 9. ver 21; Psalms 34:4; Psalms 86:7; Psalms 116:1; Psalms 138:3; Psalms 18:19
  • 10. S Deuteronomy 31:6; Hebrews 13:6*
  • 11. S Psalms 27:1; Psalms 56:4
  • 12. S Deuteronomy 33:29; Psalms 54:4
  • 13. S Psalms 54:7; Psalms 59:10
  • 14. Psalms 2:12; Psalms 5:11; Psalms 9:9; Psalms 37:3; Psalms 40:4; Isaiah 25:4; Isaiah 57:13
  • 15. 2 Chronicles 32:7-8; S Psalms 108:12; S Isaiah 2:22; Jeremiah 17:5
  • 16. Psalms 146:3
  • 17. S Psalms 37:9; Psalms 18:40
  • 18. Psalms 88:17
  • 19. Psalms 3:6
  • 20. Deuteronomy 1:44
  • 21. S Psalms 58:9
  • 22. Psalms 37:9
  • 23. ver 7; 2 Chronicles 18:31; Psalms 86:17">Psalms 86:17; Psalms 86:17">Psalms 86:17; Psalms 140:4
  • 24. S Exodus 15:2
  • 25. S Psalms 62:2; Isaiah 12:2
  • 26. S Job 8:21; S Psalms 106:5; Psalms 68:3
  • 27. S Exodus 15:6; Psalms 89:13; Psalms 108:6
  • 28. Luke 1:51
  • 29. Psalms 6:5; Habakkuk 1:12
  • 30. Exodus 15:6; S Deuteronomy 32:3; Psalms 64:9; Psalms 71:16; Psalms 73:28
  • 31. Jeremiah 31:18; 1 Corinthians 11:32; Hebrews 12:5
  • 32. Psalms 86:13; 2 Corinthians 6:9
  • 33. S Psalms 24:7; Isaiah 26:2
  • 34. Psalms 100:4
  • 35. Psalms 122:1-2
  • 36. Psalms 15:1-2; Psalms 24:3-4; Psalms 24:7; Isaiah 35:8; Revelation 22:14
  • 37. S ver 5; Psalms 116:1
  • 38. Psalms 27:1
  • 39. Isaiah 8:14
  • 40. Isaiah 17:10; Isaiah 19:13; Isaiah 28:16; Zechariah 4:7; Zechariah 10:4; Matthew 21:42; Mark 12:10; Luke 20:17*; S Acts 4:11*; 1 Peter 2:7*
  • 41. Matthew 21:42*; Mark 12:11*
  • 42. S Psalms 70:4
  • 43. S Psalms 28:9; Psalms 116:4
  • 44. S Matthew 11:3; Matthew 21:9*; Matthew 23:39*; Mark 11:9*; Luke 13:35*; Luke 19:38*; John 12:13*
  • 45. Psalms 129:8
  • 46. S 1 Kings 18:21
  • 47. Psalms 27:1; Isaiah 58:10; Isaiah 60:1,19,20; Malachi 4:2; 1 Peter 2:9
  • 48. S Leviticus 23:40
  • 49. Exodus 27:2
  • 50. S Genesis 28:21; S Psalms 16:2; Psalms 63:1; Isaiah 25:1
  • 51. S Exodus 15:2

Footnotes 3

  • [a]. Or "song"
  • [b]. The Hebrew is plural.
  • [c]. Or "Bind the festal sacrifice with ropes" / "and take it"

Chapter Summary


Kimchi says their Rabbins are divided about this psalm. Some understand it of David; others of the Messiah: but, with us Christians, there ought to be no doubt of its belonging to the Messiah; since our Lord has quoted a passage out of it, and applied it to himself, Ps 118:22,23; see Mt 21:42; and so has the Apostle Peter, Ac 4:11. Nor did the Jews of those times object thereunto, which doubtless they would have done, had the psalm respected any other but the Messiah; yea, the common people that attended Christ when he entered into Jerusalem, and the children in the temple, took their "hosanna" from hence, Ps 118:26; see Mt 21:9,15. It is generally thought to be written by David, after he was established in the kingdom, and had brought the ark of the Lord into the city. It concludes the great "Hallel", or hymn sung at the Jewish festivals; particularly at the feasts of tabernacle and the passover.

Psalms 118 Commentaries

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