Psalms 40:1-4

For the director of music. Of David. A psalm.

1 [a]I waited patiently for the LORD; he turned to me and heard my cry.
2 He lifted me out of the slimy pit, out of the mud and mire; he set my feet on a rock and gave me a firm place to stand.
3 He put a new song in my mouth, a hymn of praise to our God. Many will see and fear the LORDand put their trust in him.
4 Blessed is the one who trusts in the LORD, who does not look to the proud, to those who turn aside to false gods.[b]

Images for Psalms 40:1-4

Psalms 40:1-4 Meaning and Commentary

To the chief Musician, a Psalm of David. Jarchi interprets this psalm of the Israelites, and of their deliverance and song at the Red sea. The title of it, in the Syriac version, is, "A psalm of David according to the letter, when Shemaiah brought the names of those who minister in the house of the Lord;" see 1 Chronicles 24:6; according to Kimchi, the subject of this psalm is the same with that of the two preceding; and R. Obadiah thinks it was composed by David, when he was recovered of a leprosy; but though it might be written by David, it was not written concerning himself, or on his own account, but of another. The title of this psalm is somewhat different from others in the order of the words; whereas it is usually put "a psalm of," or "for David"; here it is, "for David, a psalm"; and may be rendered, as Ainsworth observes, "a psalm concerning David"; not literally, but typically understood; not concerning David himself, but concerning his antitype and son, who is called by his name, Ezekiel 37:24; and that it is to be interpreted of him is evident from the application of Psalm 39:6, unto him by the apostle in Hebrews 10:5; and the whole of it is applicable to him; some apply it to Jeremiah in the dungeon, and others to Daniel in the den, as Theodoret observes.

Cross References 14

  • 1. S Psalms 37:7; Psalms 27:14
  • 2. Psalms 6:9; S Psalms 31:22; Psalms 34:15; Psalms 116:1; Psalms 145:19
  • 3. S Job 9:31; S Psalms 7:15
  • 4. S Job 30:19
  • 5. Psalms 69:14
  • 6. Psalms 31:8
  • 7. Psalms 27:5
  • 8. S Psalms 28:7; S Psalms 96:1; Revelation 5:9; Psalms 33:3
  • 9. Psalms 52:6; Psalms 64:9
  • 10. S Exodus 14:31
  • 11. Psalms 34:8
  • 12. Psalms 84:12
  • 13. Psalms 101:5; Psalms 138:6; Proverbs 3:34; Proverbs 16:5; Isaiah 65:5; 1 Peter 5:5
  • 14. S Deuteronomy 31:20; S Psalms 4:2; S Psalms 26:1

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. In Hebrew texts 40:1-17 is numbered 40:2-18.
  • [b]. Or "to lies"
Scripture quoted by permission.  Quotations designated (NIV) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®.  NIV®.  Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica.  All rights reserved worldwide.