Romans 8:20

20 For the creation was subjected to frustration, not by its own choice, but by the will of the one who subjected it, in hope

Romans 8:20 in Other Translations

KJV
20 For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected the same in hope,
ESV
20 For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of him who subjected it, in hope
NLT
20 Against its will, all creation was subjected to God’s curse. But with eager hope,
MSG
20 Everything in creation is being more or less held back. God reins it in
CSB
20 For the creation was subjected to futility-not willingly, but because of Him who subjected it-in the hope

Romans 8:20 Meaning and Commentary

Romans 8:20

For the creature was made subject to vanity
This designs the vanity and emptiness of the minds of the Gentiles, who were without God and Christ, and the Holy Spirit, without the law and Gospel, and grace of God; also the vain conceits they had of themselves, of their wisdom, knowledge, learning, and eloquence; likewise their vain philosophy, particularly their gross idolatry, their polytheism, or worshipping of many gods; together with their divers lusts and vices, to which they were addicted, to such a degree, that they might be truly said to be made subject thereunto, being under the government of these things, slaves unto them, and in such subjection, as that they could not deliver themselves from it; though it is said,

not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected the same in
hope.
Though they were willingly vain, yet they were not willingly made subject to vanity; they willingly went into idolatrous and other evil practices, but the devil made them subject, or slaves unto them; he led them captive at his will, and powerfully worked in them, by divine permission, so that they became vassals to him, and to their lusts; for he seems to be designed, "by him who hath subjected the same", and not Adam, by whom sin entered into the world.

Romans 8:20 In-Context

18 I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us.
19 For the creation waits in eager expectation for the children of God to be revealed.
20 For the creation was subjected to frustration, not by its own choice, but by the will of the one who subjected it, in hope
21 that the creation itself will be liberated from its bondage to decay and brought into the freedom and glory of the children of God.
22 We know that the whole creation has been groaning as in the pains of childbirth right up to the present time.

Cross References 1

  • 1. Genesis 3:17-19; Genesis 5:29