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Joshua 19

1 The second lot came out for Simeon, for the tribe of Simeon, according to its families; and its inheritance was in the midst of the inheritance of the tribe of Judah.
2 And it had for its inheritance Beer-sheba, Sheba, Mola'dah,
3 Hazar-shu'al, Balah, Ezem,
4 Elto'lad, Bethul, Hormah,
5 Ziklag, Beth-mar'caboth, Ha'zar-su'sah,
6 Beth-leba'oth, and Sharu'hen--thirteen cities with their villages;
7 En-rimmon, Ether, and Ashan--four cities with their villages;
8 together with all the villages round about these cities as far as Ba'alath-beer, Ramah of the Negeb. This was the inheritance of the tribe of Simeon according to its families.
9 The inheritance of the tribe of Simeon formed part of the territory of Judah; because the portion of the tribe of Judah was too large for them, the tribe of Simeon obtained an inheritance in the midst of their inheritance.
10 The third lot came up for the tribe of Zeb'ulun, according to its families. And the territory of its inheritance reached as far as Sarid;
11 then its boundary goes up westward, and on to Mar'eal, and touches Dab'besheth, then the brook which is east of Jok'ne-am;
12 from Sarid it goes in the other direction eastward toward the sunrise to the boundary of Chis'loth-ta'bor; thence it goes to Dab'erath, then up to Japhi'a;
13 from there it passes along on the east toward the sunrise to Gath-hepher, to Eth-kazin, and going on to Rimmon it bends toward Ne'ah;
14 then on the north the boundary turns about to Han'nathon, and it ends at the valley of Iph'tahel;
15 and Kattath, Nahal'al, Shimron, I'dalah, and Bethlehem--twelve cities with their villages.
16 This is the inheritance of the tribe of Zeb'ulun, according to its families--these cities with their villages.
17 The fourth lot came out for Is'sachar, for the tribe of Is'sachar, according to its families.
18 Its territory included Jezreel, Chesul'loth, Shunem,
19 Haph'ara-im, Shion, Ana'harath,
20 Rabbith, Kish'ion, Ebez,
21 Remeth, En-gan'nim, En-had'dah, Beth-paz'zez;
22 the boundary also touches Tabor, Shahazu'mah, and Beth-she'mesh, and its boundary ends at the Jordan--sixteen cities with their villages.
23 This is the inheritance of the tribe of Is'sachar, according to its families--the cities with their villages.
24 The fifth lot came out for the tribe of Asher according to its families.
25 Its territory included Helkath, Hali, Beten, Ach'shaph,
26 Allam'melech, Amad, and Mishal; on the west it touches Carmel and Shihor-lib'nath,
27 then it turns eastward, it goes to Beth-dagon, and touches Zeb'ulun and the valley of Iph'tahel northward to Beth-emek and Nei'el; then it continues in the north to Cabul,
28 Ebron, Rehob, Hammon, Kanah, as far as Sidon the Great;
29 then the boundary turns to Ramah, reaching to the fortified city of Tyre; then the boundary turns to Hosah, and it ends at the sea; Mahalab, Achzib,
30 Ummah, Aphek and Rehob--twenty-two cities with their villages.
31 This is the inheritance of the tribe of Asher according to its families--these cities with their villages.
32 The sixth lot came out for the tribe of Naph'tali, for the tribe of Naph'tali, according to its families.
33 And its boundary ran from Heleph, from the oak in Za-anan'nim, and Ad'ami-nekeb, and Jabneel, as far as Lakkum; and it ended at the Jordan;
34 then the boundary turns westward to Az'noth-tabor, and goes from there to Hukkok, touching Zeb'ulun at the south, and Asher on the west, and Judah on the east at the Jordan.
35 The fortified cities are Ziddim, Zer, Hammath, Rakkath, Chin'nereth,
36 Ad'amah, Ramah, Hazor,
37 Kedesh, Ed're-i, En-ha'zor,
38 Yiron, Mig'dal-el, Horem, Beth-anath, and Beth-she'mesh--nineteen cities with their villages.
39 This is the inheritance of the tribe of Naph'tali according to its families--the cities with their villages.
40 The seventh lot came out for the tribe of Dan, according to its families.
41 And the territory of its inheritance included Zorah, Esh'ta-ol, Ir-she'mesh,
42 Sha-alab'bin, Ai'jalon, Ithlah,
43 Elon, Timnah, Ekron,
44 El'tekeh, Gib'bethon, Ba'alath,
45 Jehud, Bene-be'rak, Gath-rim'mon,
46 and Me-jar'kon and Rakkon with the territory over against Joppa.
47 When the territory of the Danites was lost to them, the Danites went up and fought against Leshem, and after capturing it and putting it to the sword they took possession of it and settled in it, calling Leshem, Dan, after the name of Dan their ancestor.
48 This is the inheritance of the tribe of Dan, according to their families--these cities with their villages.
49 When they had finished distributing the several territories of the land as inheritances, the people of Israel gave an inheritance among them to Joshua the son of Nun.
50 By command of the LORD they gave him the city which he asked, Tim'nath-se'rah in the hill country of E'phraim; and he rebuilt the city, and settled in it.
51 These are the inheritances which Elea'zar the priest and Joshua the son of Nun and the heads of the fathers' houses of the tribes of the people of Israel distributed by lot at Shiloh before the LORD, at the door of the tent of meeting. So they finished dividing the land.

Joshua 19 Commentary

Chapter 19

The lot of Simeon. (1-9) The lot of Zebulun. (10-16) The lot of Issachar, Asher, Naphtali, and Dan. (17-51)

Verses 1-9 The men of Judah did not oppose taking away the cities within their border, when convinced that they had more than was right. If a true believer has obtained an unintended and improper advantage in any thing, he will give it up without murmuring. Love seeketh not her own, and doth not behave unseemly; it will induce those in whom it richly dwells, to part with their own to supply what is lacking to their brethren.

Verses 10-16 In the division to each tribe of Israel, the prophetic blessings of Jacob were fulfilled. They chose for themselves, or it was divided to them by lot, in the manner and places that he foresaw. So sure a rule to go by is the word of prophecy: we see by it what to believe, and it proves beyond all dispute the things that are of God.

Verses 17-51 Joshua waited till all the tribes were settled, before he asked any provision for himself. He was content to be unfixed, till he saw them all placed, and herein is an example to all in public places, to prefer the common welfare before private advantage. Those who labour most to do good to others, seek an inheritance in the Canaan above: but it will be soon enough to enter thereon, when they have done all the service to their brethren of which they are capable. Nor can any thing more effectually assure them of their title to it, than endeavouring to bring others to desire, to seek, and to obtain it. Our Lord Jesus came and dwelt on earth, not in pomp but poverty, providing rest for man, yet himself not having where to lay his head; for Christ pleased not himself. Nor would he enter upon his inheritance, till by his obedience to death he secured the eternal inheritance for all his people; nor will he account his own glory completed, till every ransomed sinner is put in possession of his heavenly rest.

Chapter Summary


In this chapter an account is given of the lots of the six remaining tribes, and the cities in them, as of Simeon, whose cities were chiefly within the tribe of Judah, Jos 19:1-9; of Zebulun, its border and cities, Jos 19:10-16; of Issachar, its border and cities, Jos 19:17-23; of Asher, its border and cities, Jos 19:24-31; of Naphtali, its border and cities, Jos 19:32-39; of Dan, its border and titles, Jos 19:40-48; and lastly of a gift of inheritance to Joshua, Jos 19:49-51.

Joshua 19 Commentaries

Revised Standard Version of the Bible, copyright 1952 [2nd edition, 1971] by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.