Saul and the Israelites assembled and camped in the Valley of Elah1 and drew up their battle line to meet the Philistines.
References for 1 Samuel 17:2
The Philistines occupied one hill and the Israelites another, with the valley between them.
A champion named Goliath,2 who was from Gath, came out of the Philistine camp. He was over nine feet tall.
References for 1 Samuel 17:4
He had a bronze helmet on his head and wore a coat of scale armor of bronze weighing five thousand shekels;
References for 1 Samuel 17:5
on his legs he wore bronze greaves, and a bronze javelin3 was slung on his back.
References for 1 Samuel 17:6
His spear shaft was like a weaver's rod,4 and its iron point weighed six hundred shekels. His shield bearer5 went ahead of him.
References for 1 Samuel 17:7
Goliath stood and shouted to the ranks of Israel, "Why do you come out and line up for battle? Am I not a Philistine, and are you not the servants of Saul? Choose6 a man and have him come down to me.
References for 1 Samuel 17:8
If he is able to fight and kill me, we will become your subjects; but if I overcome him and kill him, you will become our subjects and serve us."
Then the Philistine said, "This day I defy7 the ranks of Israel! Give me a man and let us fight each other.8"
References for 1 Samuel 17:10
On hearing the Philistine's words, Saul and all the Israelites were dismayed and terrified.
Now David was the son of an Ephrathite9 named Jesse,10 who was from Bethlehem11 in Judah. Jesse had eight12 sons, and in Saul's time he was old and well advanced in years.
References for 1 Samuel 17:12