In the eighteenth year of the reign of Jeroboam, Abijah became king of Judah,
References for 2 Chronicles 13:1
and he reigned in Jerusalem three years. His mother's name was Maacah,1 a daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. There was war between Abijah2 and Jeroboam.3
References for 2 Chronicles 13:2
Abijah went into battle with a force of four hundred thousand able fighting men, and Jeroboam drew up a battle line against him with eight hundred thousand able troops.
Abijah stood on Mount Zemaraim,4 in the hill country of Ephraim, and said, "Jeroboam and all Israel,5 listen to me!
References for 2 Chronicles 13:4
Don't you know that the LORD, the God of Israel, has given the kingship of Israel to David and his descendants forever6 by a covenant of salt?7
References for 2 Chronicles 13:5
Yet Jeroboam son of Nebat, an official of Solomon son of David, rebelled8 against his master.
References for 2 Chronicles 13:6
Some worthless scoundrels9 gathered around him and opposed Rehoboam son of Solomon when he was young and indecisive10 and not strong enough to resist them.
References for 2 Chronicles 13:7
"And now you plan to resist the kingdom of the LORD, which is in the hands of David's descendants.11 You are indeed a vast army and have with you12 the golden calves13 that Jeroboam made to be your gods.
References for 2 Chronicles 13:8
But didn't you drive out the priests14 of the LORD,15 the sons of Aaron, and the Levites, and make priests of your own as the peoples of other lands do? Whoever comes to consecrate himself with a young bull16 and seven rams17 may become a priest of what are not gods.18
References for 2 Chronicles 13:9
"As for us, the LORD is our God, and we have not forsaken him. The priests who serve the LORD are sons of Aaron, and the Levites assist them.
Every morning and evening19 they present burnt offerings and fragrant incense20 to the LORD. They set out the bread on the ceremonially clean table21 and light the lamps22 on the gold lampstand every evening. We are observing the requirements of the LORD our God. But you have forsaken him.
References for 2 Chronicles 13:11
God is with us; he is our leader. His priests with their trumpets will sound the battle cry against you.23 Men of Israel, do not fight against the LORD,24 the God of your fathers, for you will not succeed."25
References for 2 Chronicles 13:12
Now Jeroboam had sent troops around to the rear, so that while he was in front of Judah the ambush26 was behind them.
References for 2 Chronicles 13:13
Judah turned and saw that they were being attacked at both front and rear. Then they cried out27 to the LORD. The priests blew their trumpets
References for 2 Chronicles 13:14
and the men of Judah raised the battle cry. At the sound of their battle cry, God routed Jeroboam and all Israel28 before Abijah and Judah.
References for 2 Chronicles 13:15
The Israelites fled before Judah, and God delivered29 them into their hands.
References for 2 Chronicles 13:16
Abijah and his men inflicted heavy losses on them, so that there were five hundred thousand casualties among Israel's able men.
The men of Israel were subdued on that occasion, and the men of Judah were victorious because they relied30 on the LORD, the God of their fathers.
References for 2 Chronicles 13:18
Abijah pursued Jeroboam and took from him the towns of Bethel, Jeshanah and Ephron, with their surrounding villages.
Jeroboam did not regain power during the time of Abijah. And the LORD struck him down and he died.
But Abijah grew in strength. He married fourteen wives and had twenty-two sons and sixteen daughters.
The other events of Abijah's reign, what he did and what he said, are written in the annotations of the prophet Iddo.