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Compare Translations for Exodus 21:20

Exodus 21:20 ASV
And if a man smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he die under his hand; he shall surely be punished.
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Exodus 21:20 BBE
If a man gives his man-servant or his woman-servant blows with a rod, causing death, he is certainly to undergo punishment.
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Exodus 21:20 CEB
When a slave owner hits a male or female slave with a rod and the slave dies immediately, the owner should be punished.
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Exodus 21:20 CJB
"If a person beats his male or female slave with a stick so severely that he dies, he is to be punished;
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Exodus 21:20 RHE
He that striketh his bondman, or bondwoman, with a rod, and they die under his hands, shall be guilty of the crime.
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Exodus 21:20 ESV
"When a man strikes his slave, male or female, with a rod and the slave dies under his hand, he shall be avenged.
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Exodus 21:20 GW
"Whenever an owner hits his male or female slave with a stick so that the slave dies from the beating, the owner must be punished.
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Exodus 21:20 GNT
"If a slave owner takes a stick and beats his slave, whether male or female, and the slave dies on the spot, the owner is to be punished.
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Exodus 21:20 HNV
"If a man strikes his servant or his maid with a rod, and he dies under his hand, he shall surely be punished.
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Exodus 21:20 CSB
"When a man strikes his male or female slave with a rod, and the slave dies under his abuse, the owner must be punished.
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Exodus 21:20 KJV
And if a man smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he die under his hand; he shall be surely punished .
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Exodus 21:20 LEB
And if a man strikes his male slave or his female slave with the rod and he dies under his hand, he will surely be avenged.
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Exodus 21:20 NAS
"If a man strikes his male or female slave with a rod and he dies at his hand, he shall be punished.
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Exodus 21:20 NCV
"If a man beats his male or female slave with a stick, and the slave dies on the spot, the owner must be punished.
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Exodus 21:20 NIRV
"Suppose a man beats his male or female slave to death with a club. Then he must be punished.
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Exodus 21:20 NIV
"If a man beats his male or female slave with a rod and the slave dies as a direct result, he must be punished,
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Exodus 21:20 NKJV
"And if a man beats his male or female servant with a rod, so that he dies under his hand, he shall surely be punished.
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Exodus 21:20 NLT
"If a male or female slave is beaten and dies, the owner must be punished.
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Exodus 21:20 NRS
When a slaveowner strikes a male or female slave with a rod and the slave dies immediately, the owner shall be punished.
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Exodus 21:20 RSV
"When a man strikes his slave, male or female, with a rod and the slave dies under his hand, he shall be punished.
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Exodus 21:20 DBY
And if a man strike his bondman or his handmaid with a staff, and he die under his hand, he shall certainly be avenged.
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Exodus 21:20 MSG
"If a slave owner hits a slave, male or female, with a stick and the slave dies on the spot, the slave must be avenged.
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Exodus 21:20 WBT
And if a man shall smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he shall die under his hand; he shall be surely punished.
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Exodus 21:20 TMB
"And if a man smite his servant or his maid with a rod, and he die under his hand, he shall be surely punished.
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Exodus 21:20 TNIV
"Anyone who beats their male or female slave with a rod must be punished if the slave dies as a direct result,
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Exodus 21:20 TYN
Yf a man smyte his servaunte or his mayde with a staffe that they dye vnder his hande, it shalbe auenged.
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Exodus 21:20 WEB
"If a man strikes his servant or his maid with a rod, and he dies under his hand, he shall surely be punished.
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Exodus 21:20 WYC
He that smiteth his servant, or handmaid, with a rod, and they be dead in his hands, he shall be guilty of the crime, or hideous trespass. (He who striketh his slave, or his slave-girl, with a rod, and they die by his hands, he shall be guilty of a crime, or of a hideous trespass.)
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Exodus 21:20 YLT
`And when a man smiteth his man-servant or his handmaid, with a rod, and he hath died under his hand -- he is certainly avenged;
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Exodus 21 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 21

Laws respecting servants. (1-11) Judicial laws. (12-21) Judicial laws. (22-36)

Verses 1-11 The laws in this chapter relate to the fifth and sixth commandments; and though they differ from our times and customs, nor are they binding on us, yet they explain the moral law, and the rules of natural justice. The servant, in the state of servitude, was an emblem of that state of bondage to sin, Satan, and the law, which man is brought into by robbing God of his glory, by the transgression of his precepts. Likewise in being made free, he was an emblem of that liberty wherewith Christ, the Son of God, makes free from bondage his people, who are free indeed; and made so freely, without money and without price, of free grace.

Verses 12-21 God, who by his providence gives and maintains life, by his law protects it. A wilful murderer shall be taken even from God's altar. But God provided cities of refuge to protect those whose unhappiness it was, and not their fault, to cause the death of another; for such as by accident, when a man is doing a lawful act, without intent of hurt, happens to kill another. Let children hear the sentence of God's word upon the ungrateful and disobedient; and remember that God will certainly requite it, if they have ever cursed their parents, even in their hearts, or have lifted up their hands against them, except they repent, and flee for refuge to the Saviour. And let parents hence learn to be very careful in training up their children, setting them a good example, especially in the government of their passions, and in praying for them; taking heed not to provoke them to wrath. Through poverty the Israelites sometimes sold themselves or their children; magistrates sold some persons for their crimes, and creditors were in some cases allowed to sell their debtors who could not pay. But "man-stealing," the object of which is to force another into slavery, is ranked in the New Testament with the greatest crimes. Care is here taken, that satisfaction be made for hurt done to a person, though death do not follow. The gospel teaches masters to forbear, and to moderate threatenings, ( Ephesians 6:9 ) , considering with Job, What shall I do, when God riseth up? ( Job 31:13 Job 31:14 ) .

Verses 22-36 The cases here mentioned give rules of justice then, and still in use, for deciding similar matters. We are taught by these laws, that we must be very careful to do no wrong, either directly or indirectly. If we have done wrong, we must be very willing to make it good, and be desirous that nobody may lose by us.

Exodus 21 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 21

Exodus 21:1-6 . LAWS FOR MENSERVANTS.

1. judgments--rules for regulating the procedure of judges and magistrates in the decision of cases and the trial of criminals. The government of the Israelites being a theocracy, those public authorities were the servants of the Divine Sovereign, and subject to His direction. Most of these laws here noticed were primitive usages, founded on principles of natural equity, and incorporated, with modifications and improvements, in the Mosaic code.

2-6. If thou buy an Hebrew servant--Every Israelite was free-born; but slavery was permitted under certain restrictions. An Hebrew might be made a slave through poverty, debt, or crime; but at the end of six years he was entitled to freedom, and his wife, if she had voluntarily shared his state of bondage, also obtained release. Should he, however, have married a female slave, she and the children, after the husband's liberation, remained the master's property; and if, through attachment to his family, the Hebrew chose to forfeit his privilege and abide as he was, a formal process was gone through in a public court, and a brand of servitude stamped on his ear ( Psalms 40:6 ) for life, or at least till the Jubilee ( Deuteronomy 15:17 ).

Exodus 21:7-36 . LAWS FOR MAIDSERVANTS.

7-11. if a man sell his daughter--Hebrew girls might be redeemed for a reasonable sum. But in the event of her parents or friends being unable to pay the redemption money, her owner was not at liberty to sell her elsewhere. Should she have been betrothed to him or his son, and either change their minds, a maintenance must be provided for her suitable to her condition as his intended wife, or her freedom instantly granted.

23-25. eye for eye--The law which authorized retaliation (a principle acted upon by all primitive people) was a civil one. It was given to regulate the procedure of the public magistrate in determining the amount of compensation in every case of injury, but did not encourage feelings of private revenge. The later Jews, however, mistook it for a moral precept, and were corrected by our Lord ( Matthew 5:38-42 ).

28-36. If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die--For the purpose of sanctifying human blood, and representing all injuries affecting life in a serious light, an animal that occasioned death was to be killed or suffer punishment proportioned to the degree of damage it had caused. Punishments are still inflicted on this principle in Persia and other countries of the East; and among a rude people greater effect is thus produced in inspiring caution, and making them keep noxious animals under restraint, than a penalty imposed on the owners.

30. If there be laid on him a sum of money, &c.--Blood fines are common among the Arabs as they were once general throughout the East. This is the only case where a money compensation, instead of capital punishment, was expressly allowed in the Mosaic law.