John 18:12-40 NIV

Jesus Taken to Annas

18:12,13pp -- Mt 26:57

12 Then the detachment of soldiers with its commander and the Jewish officials1 arrested Jesus. They bound him

References for John 18:12

      13 and brought him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas,2 the high priest that year.

      References for John 18:13

          14 Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jews that it would be good if one man died for the people.3

          References for John 18:14

          Peter's First Denial

          18:16-18pp -- Mt 26:69,70; Mk 14:66-68; Lk 22:55-57

          15 Simon Peter and another disciple were following Jesus. Because this disciple was known to the high priest,4 he went with Jesus into the high priest's courtyard,5

          References for John 18:15

          16 but Peter had to wait outside at the door. The other disciple, who was known to the high priest, came back, spoke to the girl on duty there and brought Peter in.
          17 "You are not one of his disciples, are you?" the girl at the door asked Peter. He replied, "I am not."6

          References for John 18:17

              18 It was cold, and the servants and officials stood around a fire7 they had made to keep warm. Peter also was standing with them, warming himself.8

              References for John 18:18

              The High Priest Questions Jesus

              18:19-24pp -- Mt 26:59-68; Mk 14:55-65; Lk 22:63-71

              19 Meanwhile, the high priest questioned Jesus about his disciples and his teaching.

              References for John 18:19

                  20 "I have spoken openly to the world," Jesus replied. "I always taught in synagogues9 or at the temple,10 where all the Jews come together. I said nothing in secret.11

                  References for John 18:20

                  21 Why question me? Ask those who heard me. Surely they know what I said."
                  22 When Jesus said this, one of the officials12 nearby struck him in the face.13 "Is this the way you answer the high priest?" he demanded.

                  References for John 18:22

                  23 "If I said something wrong," Jesus replied, "testify as to what is wrong. But if I spoke the truth, why did you strike me?"14

                  References for John 18:23

                  24 Then Annas sent him, still bound, to Caiaphas15 the high priest.a

                  References for John 18:24

                    • b 18:24 - Or "(Now Annas had sent him, still bound, to Caiaphas the high priest.)"

                      Peter's Second and Third Denials

                      18:25-27pp -- Mt 26:71-75; Mk 14:69-72; Lk 22:58-62

                      25 As Simon Peter stood warming himself,16 he was asked, "You are not one of his disciples, are you?" He denied it, saying, "I am not."17

                      References for John 18:25

                          26 One of the high priest's servants, a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off,18 challenged him, "Didn't I see you with him in the olive grove?"19

                          References for John 18:26

                              27 Again Peter denied it, and at that moment a rooster began to crow.20

                              References for John 18:27

                              Jesus Before Pilate

                              18:29-40pp -- Mt 27:11-18,20-23; Mk 15:2-15; Lk 23:2,3,18-25

                              28 Then the Jews led Jesus from Caiaphas to the palace of the Roman governor.21 By now it was early morning, and to avoid ceremonial uncleanness the Jews did not enter the palace;22 they wanted to be able to eat the Passover.23

                              References for John 18:28

                              29 So Pilate came out to them and asked, "What charges are you bringing against this man?"
                              30 "If he were not a criminal," they replied, "we would not have handed him over to you."
                              31 Pilate said, "Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law." "But we have no right to execute anyone," the Jews objected.
                              32 This happened so that the words Jesus had spoken indicating the kind of death he was going to die24 would be fulfilled.

                              References for John 18:32

                              33 Pilate then went back inside the palace,25 summoned Jesus and asked him, "Are you the king of the Jews?"26

                              References for John 18:33

                                  34 "Is that your own idea," Jesus asked, "or did others talk to you about me?"
                                  35 "Am I a Jew?" Pilate replied. "It was your people and your chief priests who handed you over to me. What is it you have done?"
                                  36 Jesus said, "My kingdom27 is not of this world. If it were, my servants would fight to prevent my arrest by the Jews.28 But now my kingdom is from another place."29

                                  References for John 18:36

                                  37 "You are a king, then!" said Pilate. Jesus answered, "You are right in saying I am a king. In fact, for this reason I was born, and for this I came into the world, to testify to the truth.30 Everyone on the side of truth listens to me."31

                                  References for John 18:37

                                  38 "What is truth?" Pilate asked. With this he went out again to the Jews and said, "I find no basis for a charge against him.32

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                                  39 But it is your custom for me to release to you one prisoner at the time of the Passover. Do you want me to release 'the king of the Jews'?"
                                  40 They shouted back, "No, not him! Give us Barabbas!" Now Barabbas had taken part in a rebellion.33

                                  References for John 18:40