Saul was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty two years over Israel.
References for 1 Samuel 13:1
Now Saul chose for himself 3,000 men of Israel, of which 2,000 were with Saul in 1Michmash and in the hill country of Bethel, while 1,000 were with Jonathan at 2Gibeah of Benjamin. But he sent away the rest of the people, each to his tent.
References for 1 Samuel 13:2
Jonathan smote 3the garrison of the Philistines that was in 4Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. Then Saul 5blew the trumpet throughout the land, saying, "Let the Hebrews hear."
References for 1 Samuel 13:3
All Israel heard the news that Saul had smitten the garrison of the Philistines, and also that Israel 6had become odious to the Philistines. The people were then summoned to Saul at Gilgal.
References for 1 Samuel 13:4
Now the Philistines assembled to fight with Israel, 30,000 chariots and 6,000 horsemen, and 7people like the sand which is on the seashore in abundance; and they came up and camped in Michmash, east of 8Beth-aven.
References for 1 Samuel 13:5
When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait (for the people were hard-pressed ), then 9the people hid themselves in caves, in thickets, in cliffs, in cellars, and in pits.
References for 1 Samuel 13:6
Also some of the Hebrews crossed the Jordan into the land of 10Gad and Gilead. But as for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.
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Now 11he waited seven days, according to the appointed time set by Samuel, but Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattering from him.
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So Saul said, "Bring to me the burnt offering and the peace offerings." And 12he offered the burnt offering.
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As soon as he finished offering the burnt offering, behold, Samuel came; and 13Saul went out to meet him and to greet him.
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But Samuel said, "What have you done?" And Saul said, "Because I saw that the people were scattering from me, and that you did not come within the appointed days, and that 14the Philistines were assembling at Michmash,
References for 1 Samuel 13:11
therefore I said, 'Now the Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal, and I have not asked the favor of the LORD.' So I forced myself and offered the burnt offering."
Samuel said to Saul, "15You have acted foolishly; 16you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you, for now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel 17forever .
References for 1 Samuel 13:13
"But 18now your kingdom shall not endure. 19The LORD has sought out for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has appointed him as ruler over His people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you."
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Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to 20Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people who were present with him, 21about six hundred men.
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Now Saul and his son Jonathan and the people who were present with them were staying in 22Geba of Benjamin while the Philistines camped at Michmash.
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And 23the raiders came from the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned toward 24Ophrah, to the land of Shual,
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and another company turned toward 25Beth-horon, and another company turned toward the border which overlooks the valley of 26Zeboim toward the wilderness.
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Now 27no blacksmith could be found in all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, "Otherwise the Hebrews will make 28swords or spears."
References for 1 Samuel 13:19
So all Israel went down to the Philistines, each to sharpen his plowshare, his mattock, his axe, and his hoe.
The charge was two-thirds of a shekel for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks , and the axes, and to fix the hoes.
References for 1 Samuel 13:21
So it came about on the day of battle that 29neither sword nor spear was found in the hands of any of the people who were with Saul and Jonathan, but they were found with Saul and his son Jonathan.
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And 30the garrison of the Philistines went out to 31the pass of Michmash.
References for 1 Samuel 13:23