1Saul was athirty yearsold when he began to reign, and he reignedbforty twoyearsoverIsrael.
Now Saulchose for himself 3,000 men of Israel, of which 2,000 were with Saul in 1Michmash and in the hillcountry of Bethel, while 1,000 were with Jonathan at 2Gibeah of Benjamin. But he sentaway the rest of the people, each to his tent.
3Jonathansmote3the garrison of the Philistines that was in 4Geba, and the Philistinesheard of it. Then Saul5blew the trumpetthroughout the land, saying, "Let the Hebrewshear."
4AllIsraelheardcthe news that Saul had smitten the garrison of the Philistines, and also that Israel6had becomeodious to the Philistines. The people were then summoneddto Saul at Gilgal.
Now the Philistinesassembled to fight with Israel, 30,000chariots and 6,000horsemen, and 7people like the sandwhich is on the seashore in abundance ; and they came up and camped in Michmash, east of 8Beth-aven.
When the men of Israelsaw that they were in a strait (for the people were hard-pressed ), then 9the peoplehid themselves in caves, in thickets, in cliffs, in cellars, and in pits.
Also some of the Hebrewscrossed the Jordan into the land of 10Gad and Gilead. But as for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the peoplefollowed him trembling.
Now 11he waitedsevendays, according to the appointedtimeset by Samuel, but Samuel did not come to Gilgal ; and the people were scattering from him.
So Saulsaid, "Bring to me the burntoffering and the peaceofferings." And 12he offered the burntoffering.
As soon as he finishedoffering the burntoffering, behold, Samuelcame ; and 13Saulwent out to meet him and to egreet him.
But Samuelsaid, "What have you done ?" And Saulsaid, "Because I saw that the people were scattering from me, and that you did not come within the appointeddays, and that 14the Philistines were assembling at Michmash,
therefore I said, 'Now the Philistines will comedownagainst me at Gilgal, and I have not asked the favor of the LORD.' So I forced myself and offered the burntoffering."
13Samuelsaid to Saul, "15You have actedfoolishly ; 16you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you, for now the LORD would have established your kingdomfoverIsrael17forever .
"But 18now your kingdom shall not endure. 19The LORD has sought out for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has appointed him as rulerover His people, because you have not keptwhat the LORDcommanded you."
Then Samuelarose and went up from Gilgal to 20Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saulgnumbered the people who were present with him, 21about sixhundredmen.
Now Saul and his sonJonathan and the people who were present with them were staying in 22Geba of Benjamin while the Philistinescamped at Michmash.
And 23the hraiderscame from the camp of the Philistines in threeicompanies : onejcompanyturnedktoward24Ophrah, to the land of Shual,
and anotherlcompanyturnedmtoward25Beth-horon, and anotherncompanyturnedotoward the border which overlooks the valley of 26Zeboim toward the wilderness.
Now 27noblacksmith could be found in all the land of Israel, for the Philistinessaid, "Otherwise the Hebrews will makep28swordsorspears."
So allIsraelwentdown to the Philistines, each to sharpen his plowshare, his mattock, his axe, and his hoe.
The charge was qtwo-thirds of a shekel for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks , and the axes, and to fix the hoes.
So it came about on the day of battle that 29neitherswordnorspear was found in the hands of any of the peoplewho were with Saul and Jonathan, but they were found with Saul and his sonJonathan.
And 30the garrison of the Philistineswent out to 31the pass of Michmash.